Shrama, Śrama, Śrāma, Srāma: 20 definitions

Introduction:

Shrama means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Shrama has 19 English definitions available.

The Sanskrit terms Śrama and Śrāma can be transliterated into English as Srama or Shrama, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

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Sanskrit dictionary

[Deutsch Wörterbuch]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Śrama (श्रम):—(von 1. śram) m. am Ende eines adj. comp. f. ā .

1) Ermüdung, Müdigkeit, Erschöpfung [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 319.] khedo ratyadhvagatyādeḥ śvāsanidrādikṛcchramaḥ [Sāhityadarpana 173.] śramasya dā.aṃ vi bhajantyebhyaḥ [Ṛgveda 10, 114, 10.] [Atharvavedasaṃhitā 4, 11, 10. 8, 8, 9.] [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 6, 3, 3, 7. 14, 4, 3, 31.] [Mahābhārata 1, 5892.] [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 62, 3. 2, 51, 13.] [Rāmāyaṇa] [Gorresio 1, 25, 12.] [Śākuntala 7.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 104, 10.] [Rājataraṅgiṇī 1, 371. 2, 154.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 1, 2, 8. 4, 20, 4.] tasya yatnaḥ śrama eva kevalam [5, 19, 14. 9, 21, 13.] śramārta [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 8, 67.] karṣita [Mahābhārata 1, 6024. 3, 2373.] saṃtāpakarṣita [1, 1128.] mohita [3, 2961.] pīḍita [16749.] khinna [Rāmāyaṇa 2, 28, 11.] klānta [Śākuntala 32, 11.] śramāyukta = śramayukta [Rāmāyaṇa Gorresio 2, 11, 11.] na te śramo bhavet [Mahābhārata 3, 16775.] śramaṃ nāvāpnuyāt [Rāmāyaṇa 2, 24, 21.] śramamadhyagāt [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 4, 26, 10.] śānto me bhavatyā darśane (so ist wohl zu lesen) śramaḥ [Rājataraṅgiṇī 3, 420.] (tam) cakāra vigataśramam [Kathāsaritsāgara 18, 114.] vācaṃ vipulaśramām [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 9, 21, 11.] madakṛtaśramā [Rāmāyaṇa 5, 13, 48.] prajāgarakṛta [Spr. (II) 675.] suratavyāpārajāta [1992.] adhva [Rāmāyaṇa 2, 72, 5.] adhvaśramaparigata [Meghadūta 17.] adhvaśramavinayana [53.] vinītādhva [Raghuvaṃśa 4, 67.] avijñātapatha [Kathāsaritsāgara 42, 103.] mṛgayāśramasupta [29, 136.] ratiśramanud [Kirātārjunīya 5, 28.] gatāyudha [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 1, 9, 31.] vyarthastasya tapaḥśramaḥ [PAÑCAR. 1, 2, 58. fg.] vinayante sma tadyodhā madhubhirvijayaśramam [Raghuvaṃśa 4, 65.] aśrameṇa [2, 67.] atiśramāpanayana [Spr. (II) 1493.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 3, 31, 15.] —

2) körperliche oder geistige Anstrengung, - Arbeit, Mühe, Bemühung mit heiligem Werke oder Studium [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 788] (Waffenübung). [Atharvavedasaṃhitā 4, 35, 2. 6, 133, 3. 10, 7, 36.] bra.ma.ā.ī śrameṇa lo.āṃstapasā piparti [11, 5, 4. 7, 17. 12, 5, 1.] [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 1, 6, 2, 3. 6, 1, 1, 1. 3, 9. 11, 5, 7, 2.] [Taittirīyabrāhmaṇa 2, 4, 1, 11.] [Aitareyabrāhmaṇa 2, 13. 7, 15.] śrameṇa yadupārjitam [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 9, 208.] hataḥ kathaṃcinmahatā śrameṇa [Rāmāyaṇa 3, 64, 21.] jānāti hi punaḥ samyakkavireva kaveḥ śramam [Spr. (II) 1219.] śaktiḥ śrameṇa samaṃ sametya [5816.] [Oxforder Handschriften 182,a,20.] sucira [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 3, 13, 4. 13.] alaṃ mahīpāla tava śrameṇa [Raghuvaṃśa 2, 34.] kiṃ śrameṇa te [Mahābhārata.5, 7069.] [Rāmāyaṇa 4, 45, 11.] tatkiṃ vṛthā śrameṇa [Pañcatantra 93, 6. 116, 25.] śramaṃ teṣāṃ sarveṣāmapyapāharat [Kathāsaritsāgara 49, 148.] mā vṛthā te stvayaṃ śramaḥ [Mahābhārata 13, 1916.] vṛthā jāto mama śramaḥ [Rāmāyaṇa 5, 15, 1.] saphalaṃ kuru me śramam [?2, 74, 62 (Gorresio). 6, 100, 4.] viphala adj. [Rājataraṅgiṇī 4, 304. 717] (viphalaśramatva). vandhya adj. [Raghuvaṃśa 16, 75.] mogha [Spr. (II) 5045.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 35, 86.] vyartha [Pañcatantra 136, 14. 226, 25.] pitrāhaṃ lālitaḥ snehānna śramaṃ grāhitaḥ purā [Rāmāyaṇa 5, 1, 61.] khagacañcūpuṭadroṇīpūraṇe tava kaḥ śramaḥ [Spr. 5324.] khyātavyākaraṇa adj. [Rājataraṅgiṇī 5, 29.] dhūmapatha [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 4, 4, 10.] mā kṛthāḥ śramam [Rāmāyaṇa 3, 57, 16.] yo nadhītya dvijo vedamanyatra kurute śramam [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 2, 168.] kṛta (s. auch bes.) adj. [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 21, 6] (falschlich śrāma [SCHL.][?). KĀM. NĪTIS. 8, 6. Kathāsaritsāgara 27, 146] (akṛta). dhanurvede ca vede ca sarvatraiva [Mahābhārata 13, 1948.] pravāsāyāsaduḥkheṣu yuddheṣu ca [KĀM. NĪTIS. 4, 67.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 19, 2.] dhanurvedakṛta [Mahābhārata 1, 5255.] mattebhakumbhavidalanakṛta [Spr. (II) 4664.] kṛtavidyā (so ist zu lesen) [Rājataraṅgiṇī 6, 180.] jita adj. [Harivaṃśa 4544.] [Rāmāyaṇa 4, 40, 4.] [Spr. 3174] (zu lesen vāhaneṣu jitaśramaḥ). [5352.] mṛdhe [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 7, 8, 27.] jitaśramatva [KĀM. NĪTIS. 14, 25.] sujita [18, 32.] anyeṣu ca tathā vīraḥ śastreṣu vijitaśramaḥ [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 129, 13.] ati [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 2, 7, 31.] —

3) Nomen proprium eines Sohnes des Āpa [Harivaṃśa 153.] — Vgl. kṛta, niḥ .

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Śrāma (श्राम):—m.

1) Monat [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 1, 1, 109.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha 2, 340.] [Medinīkoṣa Manu’s Gesetzbuch 34.] [Hārāvalī 28.] —

2) Zeit (kāla). —

3) eine offene Halle u. s. w. (maṇḍapa) [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 3, 203.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] —

4) fehlerhaft für śrama [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 21, 6.]

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Srāma (स्राम):—1. adj. lahm, хромъ srā.aṃ saṃ riṇīthaḥ [Ṛgveda 1, 117, 19.] [Atharvavedasaṃhitā 11, 3, 45.] [Vājasaneyisaṃhitā 30, 10.] [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 11, 7, 2, 4.] [Chāndogyopaniṣad 8, 9, 1. 10, 2.] — Vgl. a .

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Srāma (स्राम):—2. m. Siechthum, Seuche (auch der Thiere): u.a mā.srāmādyavaya.tvindavaḥ [Ṛgveda 8, 48, 5.] [Taittirīyasaṃhitā 2, 1, 6, 5.] vom yakṣma [3, 5, 3. 13, 1. 3.] [Kāṭhaka-Recension 20, 3. 13.] [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 13, 3, 8, 2.]

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Srāma (स्राम):—2. [?Z. 2. 3 lies Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 20, 3, 13.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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