Yavana, Yāvana: 32 definitions

Introduction:

Yavana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Yavana has 30 English definitions available.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[Deutsch Wörterbuch]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Yavana (यवन):—1. [Uṇādisūtra 2, 74.] m.

1) ein Grieche, ein Fürst der Griechen (gaṇa kambojādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 1, 175, Vārttika von Kātyāyana.);] pl. die Griechen, die griechischen Astrologen [Medinīkoṣa Nalopākhyāna 109.] [Atharvavedasaṃhitā PAR.] in [Weber’s Verzeichniss 93.] [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 1, 49.] [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 10, 44.] yadostu yādavā jātāsturvasoryavanāḥ smṛtāḥ [Mahābhārata 1, 3533. 5535.] yonideśācca (der Kuh Vasiṣṭha’s) yavanān (asṛjat) [?6683. 2, 578. 6, 373 (Viṣṇupurāṇa 194). 7, 399.] sarvajñā yavanāḥ -śūrāścaiva viśeṣataḥ [8, 2107. 12, 2429. 13, 2103. 2159.] [Harivaṃśa 760. 768. 776.] yavanānāṃ śiraḥ sarvam (muṇḍayitvā) [780. 2362. 4969.] [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 54, 20 (55, 20 Gorresio). 55, 3 (56, 3 Gorresio). 4, 43, 20. 44, 13.] aruṇadyavano mādhyamikān [Patañjali] bei [GOLD. MĀN. 230,a.] yavanapāṇḍyasahyapautanādīni kṣetrāṇi [Suśruta 1, 41, 6.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 2, 15] [?(Cit. aus GARGA). 4, 22. 5, 78. 80. 9, 21. 35. 10, 6. 15. 18. 13, 9. 14, 18. 16, 1. 18, 6. BṚH. 7, 1. 8, 9. 11, 1. 12, 1. 21, 3. 27, 2. 19. 21. BHAṬṬOTP. zu 7, 9.] sarvācāravihīnaśca mleccha ityabhidhīyate . sa eva yavanadeśodbhavo yāvanaḥ [PRĀYAŚCITTEND. 20,a,2.] yavanamlecchayāvanānāmannabhojane [?57,a,1. Viṣṇupurāṇa 175. 374. BHĀG. -Pāṇini’s acht Bücher.2,4,18.4,27,23. fg.9,8,5. 12,1,28. Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 58,52. Daśakumāracarita 111,8. 148,15. 149,1. 2. Weber’s Verzeichniss 287. No. 857. 862. 865. 1403. Verz. d.Oxf. Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 74,b,15. 154,b,9. 329,a, No. 780. 338,a,14. Weber’s Indische Studien.2,251. fg.] cāṇḍālānāṃ sahasraiśca (lies sahasraṃ ca) sūribhistattvadarśibhiḥ . eko hi yavanaḥ prokto na nīco yavanātparaḥ .. [VṚDDHA-Cāṇakya 8, 5.] yavanānāṃ lipiḥ [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 1, 49,] [Scholiast] yavanācārya [Colebrooke 2, 365. 367. 411.] [Weber’s Indische Studien 1, 467. 2, 247. 258.] [Weber’s Verzeichniss No. 881.] yavaneśvara Verfasser eines Jātaka [BHAṬṬOTP.] zu [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 104.] [Oxforder Handschriften 329,a,] [No. 781. 336], b, [16. 338], a, [15.] [ Kunde des Morgenlandes 4, 342. fgg.] jātaka [Weber’s Indische Studien 2, 247.] vṛddhayavanajātaka [1, 467.] yavanaprayuktapurāṇa [HALL] in der Einl. zu [VĀSAVAD. 12.] yavanāḥ eine Dynastic [Viṣṇupurāṇa 474. 477,] [Nalopākhyāna 66.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 12, 1, 28.] yavanī f. eine Griechin [Raghuvaṃśa 4, 61.] [Śākuntala 93, 17.] [Vikramorvaśī 77, 5.] kirātī cāmaradhāriryavanī śastradhāriṇī Cit. beim Schol. zu [Śākuntala 20, 16.] yavanī yuddhakāle rājño straṃ dadāti ebend. yavanyaḥ als Erklärung von vānavāsikāḥ striyaḥ [Oxforder Handschriften 217], b, [20. fg.] Heutigen Tages bezeichnet yavana nach [Murathee] einen Muhammedaner und überh. einen Mann fremden Stammes. Vgl. kāla . —

2) Waizen.

3) Möhre.

4) Olibanum (turuṣka) [Rājanirghaṇṭa im Śabdakalpadruma]

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Yavana (यवन):—2. nom. ag. von yu gaṇa nandyādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 3, 1, 134.]

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Yavana (यवन):—3. adj. falsche Schreibart für 1. javana rasch, schnell [Medinīkoṣa Nalopākhyāna 109.] aśvānīka [Mālavikāgnimitra 71, 2.] eine Yavana-Reiterschaar nach [WEBER.] m. ein schnell laufendes Pferd, Renner [Medinīkoṣa]

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Yavana (यवन):—4. [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 7, 41] und [KĀM. NĪTIS. 1, 14] fehlerhaft für paijavana .

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Yavāna (यवान):—adj. rasch, schnell [Medinīkoṣa Nalopākhyāna 110] fehlerhafte Schreibart für javāna, partic. von 1. ; vgl. 1. javana .

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Yāvana (यावन):—1. (von 1. yavana)

1) adj. im Lande der Yavana geboren [PRĀYAŚCITTEND. 20,a,3. 57,a,1.] —

2) m. Weihrauch [Amarakoṣa 2, 6, 3, 30.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 648,] [Scholiast]

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Yāvana (यावन):—2. (vom caus. von 2. yu) n. das Verbinden, Vermengen: a (= amiśraṇa Comm.) [Prātiśākhya zum Ṛgveda 11, 12.]

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Yāvana (यावन):—3. (vom caus. von 3. yu) n. das Entfernen: bhayānām [Yāska’s Nirukta 4, 21.] — Vgl. śapatha .

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Yavana (यवन):—1.

1) śayānā bhuñjate yavanāḥ [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 3, 2, 126, Scholiast]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Yavana (यवन):—1. —

1) Adj. fernhaltend , abwehrend in dveṣoyavana. —

2) n. das Vermengen , insbes. mit Wasser [Jaiminiyanyāyamālāvistara 10,1,22.]

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Yavana (यवन):—2. —

1) m. — a) ein Grieche , ein Fürst der Griechen , als Bez. einer best. Kaste [Gautama's Dharmaśāstra] Pl. die Griechen , die griechischen Astrologen ; auch Name einer Dynastie. Später bezeichnet das Wort einen Muhammedaner und überh. einen Mann fremden Stammes. — b) *Weizen [Rājan 16,30.] — c) *Möhre. — d) *Olibanum [Rājan 12,105.] —

2) f. ī eine Griechin.

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Yavana (यवन):—3. —

1) Adj. rasch , schnell ; richtig javana. [Mālavikāgnimitra 71,2] ist javanena , yāvanena oder yavanānām zu lesen. —

2) m. ein schnell laufendes Pferd , Renner.

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Yavana (यवन):—4. m. fehlerhaft für paijavana.

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Yavāna (यवान):—Adj. rasch , schnell , Richtig javāna , Partic. von 1. ju.

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Yāvana (यावन):—1. —

1) Adj. im Lande der Javana geboren.

2) *m. Olibanum.

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Yāvana (यावन):—2. n. Mischung in ayāvana.

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Yāvana (यावन):—3. n. das Entfernen , Fernhalten [Sāyaṇa. ] zu [Ṛgveda (roth). ] [5,53,14.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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