Vistara, Vistāra, Vishtara, Viṣṭara: 20 definitions

Introduction:

Vistara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Vistara has 19 English definitions available.

The Sanskrit term Viṣṭara can be transliterated into English as Vistara or Vishtara, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Vistar.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[Deutsch Wörterbuch]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Viṣṭara (विष्टर):—(von star mit vi) [Prātiśākhya zur Vājasaneyisaṃhitā 5, 41.]

1) m. Büschel von Schilf und dgl. zum Sitzen (= kuśapūlaka, darbhāsana nach den Comm.), = darbhamuṣṭi, kuśamuṣṭi, barhirmuṣṭi [Amarakoṣa 3, 4, 25, 171.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 835.] [Anekārthasaṃgraha 3, 601. fg.] [Medinīkoṣa Rāmāyaṇa 216. -] [ĀŚV. GṚHY. 1, 24, 7. 8.] [GOBH. 4, 10, 3. 4.] [LĀṬY. 1, 2, 2.] [Pāraskara’s Gṛhyasūtrāṇi 1, 3.] āsane viṣṭarottare [Mahābhārata 3, 1881.] —

2) m. n. Sitz überh. [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 8, 3, 93.] [Amarakoṣa] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 2, 6, 40.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 684.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] [Halāyudha 2, 155.] viṣṭarārthaṃ kuśāḥ [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 1, 229.] [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 31, 40.] dakṣiṇāgrāstato darbhā viṣṭareṣu niveśitāḥ [Mahābhārata 13, 4339.] kāñcana [1, 2218.] [Rāmāyaṇa 4, 50, 37.] [Mahābhārata 5, 3874.] varaṃ tu viṣṭaraṃ kauśyaṃ kṛṣṇājinakuśottaram . pratipede [15, 739. fg.] [Harivaṃśa 4448.] [Raghuvaṃśa 8, 18. 15, 79.] bhāj [?5, 3. Kumārasaṃbhava 7, 72. Vikramorvaśī 86, 15 (Manu’s Gesetzbuch).] sūtrāma [Rājataraṅgiṇī 1, 100. 4, 110.] gajaskandhanibaddha [263. 555. 719.] uttamaślokapadābja [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 6, 16, 32.] [PAÑCAR. 3, 6, 2.] hṛdayāmbhoja adj. [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 3, 28, 16.] puṣkara Beiname Brahman's [?19, 31. Als neutr. Harivaṃśa 14544. 15711. Śatruṃjayamāhātmya 14, 51.] —

3) m. Baum [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 8, 3, 93.] [Amarakoṣa] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 2, 4, 2.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1114.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] [Halāyudha 2, 22.] —

4) m. Nomen proprium eines zu den Viśve Devāḥ gezählten göttlichen Wesens [Harivaṃśa 11543] nach der Lesart der neueren Ausg. —

5) f. ā ein best. Gras, = guṇḍāsinī [Rājanirghaṇṭa im Śabdakalpadruma] — Vgl. siṃha, viṣṭāra und vistara .

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Viṣṭāra (विष्टार):—(von star mit vi) m.

1) etwa Streu (des Barhis): ya.ñaṃ viṣṭā.a ohate [Ṛgveda 5, 52, 10.] nach [Sāyaṇa] als nom. pl. = vistṛtāḥ santaḥ, was unmöglich ist. —

2) ein best. Metrum (vgl. die folgenden Wörter) [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 3, 3, 34. 8, 3, 94.]

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Vistara (विस्तर):—(von star mit vi)

1) m. am Ende eines adj. comp. f. ā . a) Ausdehnung, Breite, Umfang; = vistāra [Medinīkoṣa Rāmāyaṇa 216.] ucchrāyāyāmavistarāḥ [Oxforder Handschriften 48,a,41.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 58,21.] loka [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 1, 3, 3.] āvāsā bahuvistarāḥ [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 12, 12.] ākṛtivistarairmeghaiḥ [Mṛcchakaṭikā 76, 20.] khaṅgaḥ suvistaraḥ [Mahābhārata 12, 6187.] eines Geschlechts [1, 99. 2, 570.] bahu adj. weit verbreitet: vaidharmya [3, 13235.] nāstyanto vistarasya me (d. i. kṛṣṇasya) [Bhagavadgītā 10, 19.] nyāya so v. a. der umfangreiche Nyāya [KĀM. NĪTIS. 2, 13.] purāṇa [Harivaṃśa 6786.] granthavistarasaṃkṣepamātram (so ist nach [HALL] zu lesen) ein blosser Auszug eines umfangreichen Werkes [Kathāsaritsāgara 1, 10.] śāstrairmahāvistaraiḥ [Spr. (II) 1721.] śabdabrahmaṇi uruvistare [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 4, 29, 45.] bahuvistaraṃ kar sich stark ausbreiten [Spr. (II) 888.] suvistaraṃ yā von einer Schatzkammer [705.] manasaḥ das Weiterwerden (uneig.) des Herzens [DAŚAR. 4, 41]; vgl. u. vistāra

1) am Ende und visphāra 2). — b) Menge, Masse; = samūha [Śabdaratnāvalī im Śabdakalpadruma] ekakālaṃ caredbhaikṣaṃ na prasajjeta vistare [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 6, 55.] yajñasaṃbhāra [Rāmāyaṇa Gorresio 1, 11, 17. 2, 81, 32.] devāyatanavistaraiḥ [7, 101, 15.] bhūṣaṇa [Mṛcchakaṭikā 152, 10.] vibhava [23, 17.] grantha [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 1, 2. 5.] [MAITRYUP. 6, 34] (pl.). guṇa [Spr. 2148.] vastu [DAŚAR. 1, 51. 3, 25.] [Sāhityadarpana 314.] eine Menge von Menschen, eine grosse Gesellschaft [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 3, 125. fg.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 7, 15, 3. 4.] ubhe puravare ramye vistarairupaśobhite mit einer Menge von Dingen [Rāmāyaṇa 7, 101, 14.] catvāraḥ sakhilā vedāḥ sarahasyāḥ sabistarāḥ mit den vielen dazu gehörigen Schriften [Harivaṃśa 9491.] brahmādhītya savistaram [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 3, 3, 2.] bahu adj. mannichfach, verschiedenartig: peyaiḥ [Mahābhārata 2, 99.] puṣpaiḥ [Harivaṃśa 10981.] upāyaiḥ [7204.] — c) hoher Grad, Intensität: vibhūteḥ [Bhagavadgītā 10, 40.] dīptiḥ kāntestu vistaraḥ [DAŚAR. 2, 33.] suvistaram überaus heftig: vilalāpa [Mahābhārata 3, 17291.] [Harivaṃśa 4839.] āryeṇa hi parikruṣṭaṃ lakṣmaṇeti su [Rāmāyaṇa 3, 66, 7.] bahuvistaram dass.: ruruduḥ [Mahābhārata 12, 5745.] — d) Detail, das Ausführliche, die einzelnen und genaueren Umstände einer Sache; Specification, ausführliche —, umständliche Darstellung; Weitschweifigkeit [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 3, 3, 33.] [Amarakoṣa 3, 3, 22. 3, 4, 5, 29.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1432.] [Medinīkoṣa] [Halāyudha 4, 81.] vistaraiśca samāsaiśca dhāryate yaddvijātibhiḥ (jñānam) [Mahābhārata 1, 27.] tasya śabdasya vakṣyāmi vistaram [12, 6858.] tasya vistaramākhyāsye manorvaivasvatasya ha [Harivaṃśa 280. 288. 2451.] śrutāste vistarāḥ sarve [11046.] śrutavistara adj. der die Details gehört hat [4274.] kubjāyāḥ śrutavistarau [4497.] aśruta [Rāmāyaṇa Gorresio 2, 62, 3.] lokādanviṣya vistaram [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 3, 1.] tasya deśasya vistaraṃ vyāhartumupacakrame [?33, 25 (34, 23 Gorresio). 37, 28 (38, 31 Gorresio).] śrūyatāṃ vistaro rāma sagarasya [?40, 3 (41, 3 Gorresio). 2, 59, 2. Rāmāyaṇa Gorresio 1, 27, 6. 45, 56. 7, 55, 1.] kārya [100, 8.] [Suśruta 1, 94, 11. 229, 5. 2, 531, 14.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 43, 21.] paṭhyate bhṛguvistare im ausführlichen Werke [CŪLIKOP.] in [Weber’s Indische Studien 9, 15.] samarthanaprapañcoktiruktasyārthasya vistaraḥ [PRATĀPAR. 69,a,6.] alamuktvātra vistaram [Kathāsaritsāgara 22,118.] [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 53,8.] [Sāhityadarpana 407.] [Oxforder Handschriften 50,a,13.] śaṅkayā [Sāhityadarpana 124.] bhīru [SARVADARŚANAS. 61, 7.] kiṃ vistareṇa [Spr. 3096.] kṛtaṃ vistareṇa [SARVADARŚANAS. 105, 16.] alamativistareṇa [Vikramorvaśī 3, 6.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 1, 8.] [Prabodhacandrodaja 2, 2.] vistareṇa ausführlich [Bhagavadgītā 10, 18.] [Mahābhārata 1, 7619. 3, 2475. 11941. 16663. 16899. 5, 6012. 6043.] [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 8, 29.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 47, 1. 28.] [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 72, 17.] [Pañcatantra 41, 21.] vistarāt dass. [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 60, 22.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 8, 1, 1.] [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 16, 12. 69, 1.] [PAÑCAR. 1, 3, 1.] suvistarāt [4, 2, 6.] bahu adj. sehr ausführlich: kathā [Rāmāyaṇa Gorresio 1, 38, 2.] vākyamadbhutavistaram [Rāmāyaṇa] [SCHL. 1, 21, 1.] vyākhyāṃ svalpātivistarām [Oxforder Handschriften 63,a, No. 111.] aśvinordevayośca sṛṣṭiruktā suvistarā mit allen Details [83,a,10.] savistaram adv. ganz genau, ausführlich [Kathāsaritsāgara 49, 177.] [Pañcatantra 114, 20.] suvistaram [PAÑCAR. 2, 7, 50.] [Hitopadeśa 73, 15.] bahuvistarasaṃyuktamāśvāsayata rākṣasān so v. a. nach allen Richtungen hin, in allen Stücken [Rāmāyaṇa 3, 31, 35.] — e) = praṇaya Vertraulichkeit u. s. w. [Medinīkoṣa] — f) = pīṭha Sitz (vgl. viṣṭara) [Śabdaratnāvalī im Śabdakalpadruma] —

2) adj. (f. ā) ausgedehnt, umfangreich: kathā [Sāhityadarpana 305]; vgl. vistaratā . — Vgl. a, nyāyamālā, purārdha, madhyākṣaravistaralipi, viṣṭara und vistāra .

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Vistāra (विस्तार):—(von star mit vi) m. am Ende eines adj. comp. f. ā .

1) Ausdehnung, Breite, Umfang [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 3, 3, 33.] [Amarakoṣa 3, 3, 22. 3, 4, 14, 69. 18, 116. 32 (28), 15.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 3, 369.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1432.] [Anekārthasaṃgraha 3, 602.] [Medinīkoṣa Rāmāyaṇa 219.] [Halāyudha 4, 81. 5, 62. 99.] [Algebra 97. 315.] [Mahābhārata 1, 337. 2, 279. 1982.] [Harivaṃśa 13793.] [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 40, 18 (41, 20 Gorresio).] [Rāmāyaṇa Gorresio 2, 108, 18. 4, 40, 59. 41, 51. 5, 6, 16. 18. 56, 17.fg.] bhaga [Suśruta 1, 125, 21.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 49, 3. 6. 53, 5. 11. 22. 56, 11. fgg. 58, 6. 26.] [Meghadūta 18.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 5, 16, 12. 20, 2. 42.] [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 54, 4. 8.] nātivistārasaṃkaṭa [KĀM. NĪTIS. 16, 2.] ativistāravistīrṇa [Pañcatantra 245, 25.] latāvistārasaṃkula sich weit verbreitende Schlingpflanzen [Oxforder Handschriften 17,a, No. 63,] [Śloka 4.] kātantra das umfangreiche Kātantra [Colebrooke II, 45.] āpurakṣṇāṃ prakāmavistāraphalaṃ hariṇyaḥ [Raghuvaṃśa 2, 11.] saṃhṛtadyutivistārāṃ tārām [Rāmāyaṇa 2, 114, 7 (125, 8 Gorresio).] yasya (viśvakartuḥ) vistāra evaiṣa lokaḥ Ausbreitung [Harivaṃśa 14587.] [Bhagavadgītā 13, 30.] gāminī buddhiḥ in’s Weite schweifend [Mahābhārata 13, 4334.] (lakṣmīḥ, chāyā) vistāramupagacchati sich ausbreiten, wachsen [Spr. 2650.] camatkāraścittavistārarūpaḥ Weitwerden des Herzens [Sāhityadarpana 23, 14]; vgl. u. vistara

1) am Ende und u. visphāra 2). —

2) Breite eines Kreises so v. a. Durchmesser [Algebra 87.] —

3) Specification, eine Aufzählung —, Ausführung im Einzelnen [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 3, 95.] [Suśruta 1, 32, 5.] ṣaḍvidhavistāro rasaḥ so v. a. der Geschmack zerfällt in sechs Arten [Mahābhārata 12, 6852. 14, 1411.] dvādaśavistāraṃ tejaso rūpamucyate [1414.] vistāreṇa ausführlich [Rāmāyaṇa 3, 4, 4] wohl nur fehlerhaft für vistareṇa . —

4) ein Ast mit seinen Zweigen; Strauch [Amarakoṣa 2, 4, 1, 14.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa] (stamba st. stambha zu lesen). [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1124.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] [Halāyudha 2, 26.] — Vgl. nakṣatrakānti, loka, vistara und viṣṭāra .

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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