Vihara, Vihāra, Vīhāra: 29 definitions

Introduction:

Vihara means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Vihara has 28 English definitions available.

Alternative spellings of this word include Vihar.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[Deutsch Wörterbuch]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Vihara (विहर):—(von har mit vi) m. das Verlegen, Versetzen, Wechseln: kuṭīra [Spr. (II) 2304.] = viyoga [Śabdakalpadruma] [?angeblich nach Halāyudha]; ohne Zweifel ein verlesenes viraha .

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Vihāra (विहार):—(von har mit vi) m. und n. (dieses nur durch [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 2, 2, 22] zu belegen) gaṇa ardharcādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 2, 4, 31.]

1) Vertheilung, Versetzung, z. B. von Wörtern [Aitareyabrāhmaṇa 6, 24.] [LĀṬY. 2, 1, 2.] [Scholiast] zu [Śāṅkhāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 12, 11, 6.] —

2) namentlich die gesonderte Aufstellung der drei heiligen Feuer; die getheilten Feuer selbst und der zwischen ihnen liegende Raum: vihāraṃ prapadyate pūrveṇotkaramapareṇa praṇītāḥ [Aśvalāyana’s Śrautasūtrāni 1, 1, 4. 3, 1, 19.] yadi puruṣo vihāramantariyāt wenn er zwischen den Feuern durchgeht [?10, 10. 12, 6, 7. Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 6, 10, 11. Scholiast zu 1, 1, 20. 4, 15, 4. 5, 6, 41. Śāṅkhāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 3, 4, 2. Weber’s Indische Studien 1, 83. 5, 15. 9, 217. Bhāgavatapurāṇa 4, 5, 14. Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 51, 92.] —

3) Veränderung der Stellung, Erweiterung, Entfernung: der Sprachorgane [Prātiśākhya zum Ṛgveda 14, 2.] —

4) das Sichbewegungmachen, Spazieren [Amarakoṣa 3, 3, 16.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1500.] [Anekārthasaṃgraha 3, 603.] [Medinīkoṣa r. 220.] [Halāyudha 4, 41.] śayyāsanabhojaneṣu [Bhagavadgītā 11, 42.] [SĀṂKHYAK. 28.] krīḍāvihāre nārībhiḥ sevyamānamitastataḥ [Harivaṃśa 10053.] krīḍāvihāraramyāṇi sānūni [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 61, 21.] vihāre saha kāntena krīḍitaṃ kelirucyate [Sāhityadarpana 153.] pṛṣṭvā cainaṃ sukhaṃ prahvo vihāraśayanāsane [Rāmāyaṇa Gorresio 2, 13, 10.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 78, 11.] sthānāsanavihārānācarati [GAUḌAP.] zu [SĀṂKHYAK. 23.] daramantharacaraṇavihāram adv. [Gītagovinda 11, 3.] —

5) Unterhaltung, Vergnügen, Belustigung; = līlā [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] sthānāsanavihāraiḥ [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 3, 51.] taistairvihārairbahubhirdaityānāṃ kāmarūpiṇām . samāḥ saṃkrīḍatāṃ teṣāmaharekamivābhavat .. [Mahābhārata 1, 7651. 15, 203.] [Rāmāyaṇa 3, 49, 39.] [Raghuvaṃśa 9, 68.] [Spr. 1594.] vihāraikarasa [Kathāsaritsāgara 21, 3. 29, 37.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 3, 12, 47. 5, 2, 6. 6, 9, 33. 8, 5, 40.] Häufig in Verbindung mit āhāra Essen [Mahābhārata 3, 116.] yuktāhāra adj. [Bhagavadgītā 6, 17.] āhāre vā vihāre vā na kaścidakaronmanaḥ [Rāmāyaṇa 2, 41, 13.] [Suśruta 2, 170, 13.] mithāhāra [Śārṅgadhara SAṂH. 3, 1, 7.] svecchāhāravihāraṃ kurvāṇāḥ [Hitopadeśa 38, 8.] [Vedānta lecture No. 146.] kāleṣu [Mahābhārata 1, 1812.] [Harivaṃśa 15775.] vihāramabhijagmatuḥ [Mahābhārata 1, 7716.] varaṃ vihāraḥ saha pannagaiḥ kṛtaḥ [Spr. 2729.] kṛtvā vihāraṃ tābhiḥ [PAÑCAR. 1, 10, 53.] sa khalu sukhī vicaredimaṃ vihāram [Mahābhārata 12, 6689.] savihāraṃ sukhaṃ jagmurnagaraṃ nāgasāhvayam [1, 7555.] śīlatā [Suśruta 1, 335, 10.] jala Belustigung mit —, im Wasser [Mahābhārata 1, 4994.] ambho [Raghuvaṃśa 16, 67.] mṛgayā [KATHĀRṆAVA] in [morgenländischen Gesellschaft 14, 574, 16.] padmanābhasya ṣoḍaśāntaḥpuravihāraḥ [Daśakumāracarita 64, 11.fg.] gṛhītahari [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 5, 1, 39.] am Ende eines adj. comp. seine Freude habend an: lokahiṃsā [Rāmāyaṇa 3, 28, 19. 51, 20. 6, 98, 35.] [Suśruta 1, 71, 1.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 5, 9, 18. 10, 89, 25.] mṛgayā [26, 24.] devagandharva [Rāmāyaṇa 7, 20, 18.] —

6) Erholungsort, Vergnügungsort, Belustigungsort [Mahābhārata 1, 1582. 3, 10030. 11649. 12864. 7, 2846. 8, 1772. 12, 2606.] sabhāvihārabhettāraḥ [?15, 200. Rāmāyaṇa 2, 60, 13. Rāmāyaṇa Gorresio 2, 33, 20. Raghuvaṃśa 5, 41. 6, 75. Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka 2, 12. Bhāgavatapurāṇa 2, 2, 22 (neutr.). 3, 23, 39. 5, 13, 12. 9, 10, 17. 14, 24. 10, 76, 10.] —

7) (Buddha's Erholungsort) ein buddhistisches, (oder Jaina-) Kloster [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 994.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] [Burnouf 286. fg. 313. 630.] [Lot. de Lassen’s Anthologie b. l. 203. 206.] [Rgva tch’er rol pa ed. Calc. 30, 13.] [Vie de Hiouen-Thsang 220.] [Mṛcchakaṭikā 177, 12.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 12, 149. 28, 7. 29, 37. 65, 132. 72, 99.] [Rājataraṅgiṇī 1, 93. fg. 169. 4, 262. 5, 261. 427. 6, 137.] [Pañcatantra 236, 8.] [Hitopadeśa 49, 10.] vihāroddeśaka [Vyutpatti oder Mahāvyutpatti 210.] —

8) Nomen proprium eines Landes (= Behar) [Oxforder Handschriften 67,b, No. 117.] — Nach den Lexicographen noch

9) = skandha [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] —

10) = vaijayanta [Śabdamālā im Śabdakalpadruma] —

11) ein best. Vogel, = bindurekhaka [Śabdacandrikā im Śabdakalpadruma] — Vgl. kaccha, nirvihāra, bhadra, niśā, rāja, vāri .

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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