Vacana, Vācanā: 23 definitions

Introduction:

Vacana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Vacana has 23 English definitions available.

Alternative spellings of this word include Vachana.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[Deutsch Wörterbuch]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Vacana (वचन):—(von vac)

1) adj. a) oxyt. redefertig [Ṛgveda 6, 39, 1. 49, 12.] dakṣa, va, ṛkvan [10, 113, 9.] — b) am Ende eines comp. besagend, bedeutend, ausdrückend: abhijñā [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 3, 2, 112.] bhāvakarma [6, 2, 150.] [Amarakoṣa 3, 3, 2.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 839.] [SARVADARŚANAS. 49, 6. 144, 15. 160, 8. 9.] tadvacanatvāt weil es das besagt [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 1, 3, 4. 2, 8, 4. 7, 9, 12. 8, 3, 33.] — c) ausgesprochen werdend: rakto vacano mukhanāsikābhyām [Prātiśākhya zum Ṛgveda 13, 6.] mukhanāsikāvacanatvamiha raktasya vidhīyate Comm. —

2) n. a) das Sprechen [SĀṂKHYAK. 28.] Aussprache: ayathāmātraṃ vacanaṃ svarāṇām [Prātiśākhya zum Ṛgveda 14, 4.] samāpādyānāmante saṃhitāvadvacanam [Prātiśākha zum Atharvaveda 4, 124.] mukhanāsikāvacano nunāsikaḥ [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 1, 1, 8.] — b) das Ansagen, Hersagen, Aussagen: mantra [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 1, 7, 9. 10, 2, 33.] [LĀṬY. 7, 1, 7. 5, 7.] saṃtānamuttamena vacanena [Aśvalāyana’s Śrautasūtrāni 5, 20, 5. 7.] tadvacanādāmnāyasya prāmāṇyam (ein berühmter und in seiner Auslegung streitiger Satz; vgl. [Nīlakaṇṭha]

8) [KAṆ. 1, 1, 3.] — c) Benennung, ausdrückliche Nennung, Bestimmung, Anführung: paśuvacanāt weil es paśu heisst [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 25, 9, 11.] yathāvacanam je nach dem Ausdruck [Yāska’s Nirukta 1, 3.] yajeti vacanācchrutiriti [Aitareyabrāhmaṇa 7, 9.] [Aśvalāyana’s Śrautasūtrāni 1, 1, 26.] [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 1, 5, 12. 7, 11. 22. 2, 7, 17.] a [6, 37.] avacane wo nichts Besonderes bestimmt ist [1, 8, 45.] antavacane wenn anta im Text steht [3, 25. 7, 5, 23.] guṇa [20, 7, 20.] virodhau Bestimmung und widersprechende Bestimmung [1, 8, 30.] pravṛttī [4, 3, 4.] iti vacanāt weil es so heisst [Pāraskara’s Gṛhyasūtrāṇi 2, 2.] [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 3, 226.] [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 1, 2, 56.] liṭaḥ kidvacanānarthakyam das Erklären des liṭ für kit [Patañjali] zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 1, 2, 6.] īyaso bahuvrīhau puṃvadvacanam [?Vārttika von Kātyāyana. zu Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 1, 2, 48.] — d) Aussage, Ausspruch, Worte, Rede [Amarakoṣa 1, 1, 5, 1.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 241.] dvaidhe bahūnāṃ vacanaṃ sameṣu guṇināṃ tathā . guṇidvaidhe tu vacanaṃ grāhyaṃ ye guṇavattamāḥ .. [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 2, 78.] muni [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 46, 99.] guru [SARVADARŚANAS. 97, 1. 103, 20. 160, 19.] smṛti [Pañcatantra 164, 20.] idaṃ vacanamabruvan [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 1, 1.] manovacanakarmabhiḥ [2, 236.] [Mahābhārata 3, 2162. 2222. 2893.] [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 8, 17. 28.] [Meghadūta 4. 29. 96.] [SARVADARŚANAS. 111, 11.] [Pañcatantra 140, 16.] etatkāryākṣamāṇāṃ keṣāṃcidālasyavacanam [Prooemium im Hitopadeśa 6, 9. 18, 19.] [Vetālapañcaviṃśati] in [Lassen’s Anthologie (III) 4, 4. 7, 1.] vacanairasatām [Spr. 2700.] tathya so v. a. Gelöbniss [Pañcatantra 5, 1.] paruṣa barsche Rede führend [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 23, 17.] asatyavacanā nāryaḥ [Mahābhārata 1, 3060.] ityuktavacanāmetām [11, 596.] īṣatpragalbhavacanā [Sāhityadarpana 100.] — e) Ausspruch so v. a. Rath, Geheiss: vacanaśatamavacanakare naṣṭam [Spr. 714.] vṛddhānāṃ vacanaṃ grāhyam [2891.] tadasyāpi vacanaṃ saṃgrāhyam [Pañcatantra 158, 13.] yasya vacanāt [Hitopadeśa 13, 10. 62, 20, v. l. 72, 14.] kākavacanena [23, 9.] narendravacanāsaktāḥ [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 7, 9.] śreyo me bhartṛvacanaṃ na jīvitamihātmanaḥ [3, 48, 16.] brahmaṇo vacanāt [Mahābhārata 1, 1153. 5574. 6013. 3, 2682. 2853. 5, 6047.] [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 1, 41. 56. 68. 11, 13. 2, 64, 16.] piturvacananirdeśāt [1, 1, 24.] sthāsyanti vacane tava (vgl. vacanesthita) so v. a. sie werden dir gehorchen [2, 24, 15.] mayā kartavyaṃ vacanaṃ pituḥ [14.] [Hitopadeśa 62, 19.] — f) vacanāt und vacanena (selten) so v. a. im Namen von: ārogyaṃ brūhi kausalyām sītāyāḥ sūta mama ca vacanāt [Rāmāyaṇa 2, 52, 30.] madvacanāt vandyau pādau mahātmanaḥ [58, 13.] [Mahābhārata 3, 16149. 5, 7510.] [Mṛcchakaṭikā 155, 12.] mamadvacanāducyatāṃ sārathiḥ [Śākuntala 28, 18. 55, 9. 59, 15. 80, 23.] [Vikramorvaśī 37, 9.] [Meghadūta 99.] [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 66, 24.] bharataḥ kuśalaṃ vācyo vācyo madvacanena ca [Rāmāyaṇa 2, 58, 18.] [Mahābhārata 4, 229.] — g) Laut, Stimme: vacanena vyavetānāṃ saṃyogatvaṃ vihanyate [Scholiast] zu [Prātiśākha zum Atharvaveda 1, 101.] tadvacanaṃ pratyabhijñāya [Hitopadeśa 14, 20.] mṛgekṣaṇābhiḥ anyabhṛtavalguvacanābhiḥ [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 48, 14.] madhuravacanā sārikā [Meghadūta 83.] — h) grammatische Zahl [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 1, 2, 51. 2, 3, 46.] [Vopadeva’s Grammatik 1, 11. 24, 6.] — i) trockener Ingwer [Śabdacandrikā im Śabdakalpadruma] — Vgl. a, eka, dvi, paryāya, punarvacana, pratikūla, prāgvacana, priya, bahu, buddha, bhāva, bhinna, mūla, loka, viśeṣa, satya, su .

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Vācana (वाचन):—(vom caus. von vac) n.

1) das Hersagenlassen [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 5, 4, 33. 7, 9, 23.] [LĀṬY. 2, 1, 5. 6, 12.] mantra Comm. zu [Aśvalāyana’s Śrautasūtrāni 1, 11, 1.] —

2) das Hersagen: gāyatryāḥ [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 3, 310.] śuddhenānanyacittena paṭhitavyaṃ prayatnataḥ . na kāryāsaktamanasā kāryaṃ stotrasya vācanam .. [VĀRĀHĪTANTRA im Śabdakalpadruma] das Lesen: pustaka [Oxforder Handschriften 217,a,10.] sva [186,a,6.] vācanācārya [4. No. 423.] —

3) das Ausdrücken, Bezeichnen: anekārtha [Sāhityadarpana 705.] — Vgl. puṇyāha (unter puṇyāha), śānti, svasti .

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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