Taruna, Taruṇa, Tāruṇa: 21 definitions

Introduction:

Taruna means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Taruna has 19 English definitions available.

Alternative spellings of this word include Tarun.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[Deutsch Wörterbuch]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Taruṇa (तरुण):—[Die Uṇādi-Affixe 3, 54.]

1) adj. f. taruṇī [Patañjali] zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 1, 15.] [Ṛgveda] taruṇī gaṇa gaurādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 1, 41.] jung, zart; subst. das Junge, eine junge Person, Jüngling, ein junges Weib, Mädchen [Amarakoṣa 2, 6, 1, 42. 8.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 2, 6, 2.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 339. 511.] [Anekārthasaṃgraha 3, 205.] [Medinīkoṣa ṇ. 49.] [Hārāvalī 135.] śiśu [Ṛgveda 1, 186, 7. 7, 4, 2. 10, 115, 1.] kumāra [Atharvavedasaṃhitā 3, 12, 7.] [Pāraskara’s Gṛhyasūtrāṇi 3, 4.] putra [Mahābhārata 1, 1679.] śriyaṃ bhuktvāyuṣaḥ kṣaye . taruṇāḥ pratipadyante [5, 3507.] sa cacāra gadāpāṇirvṛddho pi taruṇo yathā [4, 1108.] [Rāmāyaṇa 4, 58, 19.] [Hitopadeśa 39, 19. I, 105.] gatavayasāmapi puṃsāṃ yeṣāmarthā bhavanti te taruṇāḥ [Pañcatantra I, 11.] [Rāmāyaṇa 4, 21, 13.] taruṇaṃ stana.yum [Atharvavedasaṃhitā 12, 3, 37.] [Suśruta 1, 75, 21.] [Ṛgveda 3, 55, 5.] vṛddhasya taruṇī viṣam [Cāṇakya 98.] [Rāmāyaṇa 3, 59, 15.] [Suśruta 1, 315, 16.] [Bhartṛhari 1, 41. 3, 32.] [Hitopadeśa 42, 4.] [Amaruśataka 46.] [Sāhityadarpana 55, 20.] taruṇībhūta zur Jungfrau herangereift [Daśakumāracarita] in [Benfey’ Chrestomathie aus Sanskritwerken 186, 22.] caṇḍāla ein Caṇḍāla- Jüngling [Rājataraṅgiṇī 6, 78.] yātudhānataruṇī [Prabodhacandrodaja 3, 12.] paśuḥ [Amarakoṣa 2, 10, 23.] [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 1, 2, 73.] oṣadhīḥ [Ṛgveda 8, 43, 7. 19, 22.] [Suśruta 1, 20, 5.] śāka [229, 4.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 47, 5. 68, 11.] neu, frisch: madya [Suśruta 1, 191, 8.] dadhi [Cāṇakya 64.] angehend von einer Krankheit [Suśruta 2, 52, 16.] āsaptarātraṃ taruṇaṃ jvaramāhurmanīṣiṇaḥ [CAKRAD. im Śabdakalpadruma] frisch, lebendig von einem Gefühle: taruṇakaruṇāpūrṇahṛdaya [Bhartṛhari 3, 86.] jung von der Sonne so v. a. nicht längst aufgegangen, nicht hoch am Himmel stehend (ebenso bālāditya) [Mahābhārata 1, 8081. 6, 280. 13, 3508.] [Rāmāyaṇa 3, 3, 22. 22, 21. 6, 86, 8.] [Kumārasaṃbhava 3, 54.] vom Monde so v. a. zunehmend [Bhartṛhari 3, 84.] —

2) m. a) Ricinus communis [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] [Ratnamālā 3.] [Rājanirghaṇṭa im Śabdakalpadruma] — b) grober Kümmel [Rājanirghaṇṭa] — c) = kubjapuṣpa die Blüthe von Achyranthes aspera [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 3, 128.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] neutr. nach [Medinīkoṣa] — d) Nomen proprium eines der Saptarṣi im 11ten Manvantara [Harivaṃśa 477.] Nomen proprium eines Gandharva(?) [Mahābhārata 2, 303], wo jedoch sumanastaruṇaḥ viell. als ein Wort zu fassen ist. —

3) f. ī a) Name verschiedener Pflanzen: eine best. Gemüsepflanze [Suśruta 1, 219, 19.] Aloe perfoliata Lin. [Rājanirghaṇṭa im Śabdakalpadruma] [NIGH. PR.] = taraṇī Rosa glandulifera Roxb. [NIGH. PR.] = dantī [Rājanirghaṇṭa] eine best. Blume, = sahā, kumārī, gandhāḍhyā, cārukeśarā u. s. w. ebend. — b) ein best. Parfum, vulg. cīḍā [Rājanirghaṇṭa] —

4) n. a) Knorpel (vollständig taruṇāsthi) [Suśruta 1, 35, 1. 339, 16. 2, 370, 2.] kaṭīka ein best. Theil des Hüftknochens, Hüftgelenk [1, 345, 9. 346, 9. 350, 3.] — b) Schössling: kuśa [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 5, 1, 29. 2, 15. 6, 1, 12. 7, 2, 10.] [Pāraskara’s Gṛhyasūtrāṇi 2, 1.] — Vgl. taluna .

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Tāruṇa (तारुण):—adj. von taruṇa gaṇa utsādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 1, 86.]

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Taruṇa (तरुण):—

1) vyāghryāstaruṇaputrāyāḥ [Rāmāyaṇa 3, 53, 51.] —

2) e) Bez. eines der 7 Ullāsa bei den Śākta [Oxforder Handschriften 91,b,41.] —

4) a) [Z. 3 lies 1, 345, 19 Stenzler 1, 345, 9.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Taruṇa (तरुण):——

1) Adj. (f. ī) — a) jung , neu , frisch , angehend (eine Krankheit) , vor Kurzem aufgegangen (Sonne) , eben begonnen ([86,24] ) , zunehmend (Mond). — b) zart (Mitgefühl). —

2) m. — a) Jüngling. — b) *Ricinus communis. — c) *grober Kümmel [Rājan 6,64.] — d) Bez. eines der 7 Ullāsa bei den Śākta. — e) Nomen proprium — α) eines mythischen Wesens [Mahābhārata 2,7,22.] — β) eines Ṛṣi im 11ten Manvantara. —

3) *m. n. die Blüthe von Trapa bispinosa.

4) f. taruṇī — a) Jungfrau , ein junges Mädchen , eine junge Frau [Indische sprüche 2836.] — b) eine best. Gemüsepflanze. — c) *Aloe perfoliata. — d) *Rosa_glandulifera_oder alba ([Materia medica of the Hindus 320] ). — e) Croton polyandrum oder Tiglium.

5) n. — a) Knorpel. — b) Schössling , Halm.

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Tāruṇa (तारुण):—Adj. von taruṇa.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of taruna in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

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