Tarka: 26 definitions

Introduction:

Tarka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Tarka has 24 English definitions available.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[Deutsch Wörterbuch]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Tarka (तर्क):—(von tark)

1) m. a) Vermuthung: yatastarko na me vṛthā [Mahābhārata 4, 1409.] eṣāṃ harṣeṇa jānāmi tarkaścāpi dṛḍho mama [Rāmāyaṇa 5, 71, 12.] kiṃ vṛthā tarkeṇānviṣyate (arthaḥ) [Śākuntala 72, 10. 34, 7.] astyekastarkaḥ [83, 6, v. l.] [Vikramorvaśī 26, 4.] tattvāvabodhaikaphalo na tarkaḥ [Mālavikāgnimitra 45.] naitāvatā bhavantaṃ prasannatarkaṃ manye [31, 23.] [Rājataraṅgiṇī 3, 118.] nūnaṃ tarke rthaniścaye [Amarakoṣa 3, 4, 32] [?(COLEBR. 28), 12.] tarkayukta viell. in blossem Verdacht stehend [Rāmāyaṇa Gorresio 2, 109, 16.] — b) Erwägung, geistige Betrachtung, Raisonnement, Speculation, = vitarka, ūha, vicāra, hṛllekha [Amarakoṣa 1, 1, 4, 12.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 1, 1, 114. 3, 2, 15.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 323.] [Anekārthasaṃgraha 2, 9.] [Medinīkoṣa k. 24.] tarko vicāraḥ saṃdehādbhrūśiroṅgulinartakaḥ [Sāhityadarpana 74, 17.] tarkaḥ kvacit śaṅkānivartakaḥ [Bhāṣāpariccheda 136.] taṃ vai phalārthinaṃ manye bhrātaraṃ tarkacakṣuṣā [Mahābhārata 1, 6374.] naiṣā tarkeṇa matirāpaneyā proktānyenaiva sujñānāya [KATHOP. 2, 9.] vidhirvidheyastarkaśca vedaḥ [Pāraskara’s Gṛhyasūtrāṇi 2, 6.] ārṣaṃ dharmopadeśaṃ ca vedaśāstrāvirodhinā . yastarkeṇānusaṃdhatte sa dharmaṃ veda netaraḥ .. [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 12, 106.] bhāṣyāṇi tarkayuktāni [Mahābhārata 2, 453.] śuṣkatarkaṃ parityajya āśrayasva śrutiṃ smṛtim [3, 13463.] teṣāṃ (dhātūnāṃ) manuṣyāstarkeṇa pramāṇāni pracakṣate [6, 186.] acintyā khalu ye bhāvā na tāṃstarkeṇa sādhayet [187.] akalkako hyatarkaśca brāhmaṇaḥ ketanakṣamaḥ [13, 1600.] sphurati saphalastarkaḥ [Pañcatantra III, 258.] smṛtitarkādiprayuktaistarkaiḥ (tarka 1. in der Bed. von c) [Madhusūdanasarasvatī’s Prasthānabheda] in [Weber’s Indische Studien 1, 19, 5 v. u.] atrāyaṃ tarko bodhyaḥ [Scholiast] zu [Kapila 1, 65.] hūṃ tarke syāt [Amarakoṣa 3, 5, 18.] — c) eine auf Speculation, freier Forschung beruhende Lehre, ein philosophisches System, = hetuviśeṣa [Medinīkoṣa] = tarkaviśeṣa (wohl Logik) [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [CARAṆAVY.] in [Weber’s Indische Studien 3, 260. fg.] kathaṃ punaḥ svabhāvadvandvināmāgamānāṃ ca tarkāṇāṃ ca samavāyaḥ saṃpannaḥ [Prabodhacandrodaja 86, 14.] smṛtitarkādiprayuktaistarkaiḥ [Madhusūdanasarasvatī’s Prasthānabheda] in [Weber’s Indische Studien 1, 19, 5] v. u. veda tarka [Vopadeva’s Grammatik 25, 7.] tarketihāsāṅgapurāṇasaṃhitāḥ [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 8, 21, 2.] vādavādāṃstyajettarkān [7, 13, 7.] sadā tadevāsattarkaistirodhīyeta viplutam [2, 6, 40.] Zu den mehr oder weniger orthodoxen Systemen der Philosophie gehören folgende sechs: Pūrvaund Uttara-Mīmāṃsā, Nyāya, Vaiśeṣika, Sāṃkhya und Yoga [Colebrooke I, 228. fg.]; eine andere Sechszahl s. u. tārkika . Daher tarka zur Bez. der Zahl sechs gebraucht [Sūryasiddhānta 12, 87.] — d) in der Logik Widerlegung, reductio ad absurdum [Colebrooke I, 292.] [TARKASAM̃GR. 52.] [Madhusūdanasarasvatī’s Prasthānabheda] in [Weber’s Indische Studien 1, 18, 5 v. u.] yuktipūrvakasādhakatarkairvicāraḥ [Scholiast] zu [Jaimini 1, 3.] — e) = kāṅkṣā Wunsch, Verlangen [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] = ākāṅkṣā [Śabdakalpadruma] supplying an ellipsis (ākāṅkṣā); cause, motive [Wilson’s Wörterbuch] nach [Medinīkoṣa] —

2) f. ā geistige Betrachtung, Raisonnement: vijñātavyā manuṣyaistarkayā suvinītayā [Mahābhārata 4, 892.] — Vgl. atarka, kutarka, rūpatarka .

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Tarka (तर्क):—

1) b) śuṣkatarkānusārin [Weber’s Indische Studien 5, 159.] svatarkamanudhāvatām [165.] avijñātatattve rthe kāraṇopapattitastattvajñānārthamūhastarkaḥ [NYĀYAD. 1, 40.] anukūla eine freie Forschung, welche in ihren Resultaten mit denen der Offenbarung, Tradition u.s.w. übereinstimmt, [SARVADARŚANAS. 120, 1. 2. 9.] Gegens. pratikūla [11.] — c) Bez. der Zahl sechs [Weber’s Indische Studien 8, 397.] — d) [SARVADARŚANAS. 113, 21.] [Lassen’s Anthologie (II) 90, 8.] Die Stelle [Scholiast] zu [Jaimini 1, 3] gehört zu b). — Vgl. noch dustarka .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Tarka (तर्क):——

1) m. — a) Vermuthung. — b) Erwägung , geistige Betrachtung , Raisonnement , Speculation [Gautama's Dharmaśāstra] — c) eine auf Speculation , freier Forschung beruhende Lehre , ein philosophisches System. — d) Bez. der Zahl sechs. — e) Widerlegung , reductio ad absurdum. — f) *Wunsch , Verlangen. — g) *das Erfordern einer Ergänzung. — h) *Ursache , Motiv.

2) f. ā = 1)b). Nach [Nīlakaṇṭha] = kāṅkṣā

3) n. = 1)c) [Hemādri’s Caturvargacintāmaṇi 1,514,2.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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