Svarna, Svarṇa, Svarṇā: 19 definitions

Introduction:

Svarna means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Svarna has 18 English definitions available.

Alternative spellings of this word include Swarn.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[Deutsch Wörterbuch]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Svarṇa (स्वर्ण):—(aus suvarṇa)

1) n. Gold [Amarakoṣa 2, 9, 94. 2, 6, 3, 6] [?(pl.!). Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 2, 9, 31. Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1043. Halāyudha 2, 18. Ratnamālā 87. Spr. (II) 6140.] bhārairalabhyam [7321.] [WEBER, Rāmatāpanīya Upaniṣad 324.] [Rājataraṅgiṇī 4, 475.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 4, 25, 14. 8, 12, 8.] steya [Oxforder Handschriften 281,b,11.] [WEBER, Rāmatāpanīya Upaniṣad 355.] haraṇa [356.] dhuryam Gold und ein Lastthier [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 1, 210.] kūṭa verfälschtes Gold [2, 297.] —

2) m. n. als Gewicht ein Karṣa Gold: daśasvarṇasya kāraṇāt [Mṛcchakaṭikā 34, 15.] bahusvarṇalakṣamūlya [Kathāsaritsāgara 22, 97. 35, 25.] śata 33. —

3) eine Art Röthel (vgl. gairika): dhārāḥ [Rāmāyaṇa 7, 7, 15.] —

4) n. Bez. verschiedener Pflanzen: Stechapfel [Śabdakalpadruma] = gaurasuvarṇaśāka [Rājanirghaṇṭa 7, 151.] = nāgakesara [6, 179] (das Metrum verlangt aber suvarṇa). — [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 4, 6, 16.] —

5) m. Name eines Agni [Harivaṃśa 10467.] — Vgl. rāja und suvarṇa .

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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