Svaka, Shvaka, Śvaka: 12 definitions

Introduction:

Svaka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Svaka has 11 English definitions available.

The Sanskrit term Śvaka can be transliterated into English as Svaka or Shvaka, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[Deutsch Wörterbuch]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Svaka (स्वक):—= sva

1) adj. (f. svakā und svikā) [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 7, 3, 47.] [Vopadeva’s Grammatik 4, 7.] eigen (mein, dein, sein u.s.w.) [Amarakoṣa 3, 4, 7, 34.] Bezogen a) auf eine dritte Person und zwar α) auf das grammatische Subject: svakaṃ pitaramāśayet [Manu’s Gesetzbuch.3,220.4,14. 154.7,171. 185.8,50. 387.9,199. 207. 11,187. 12,71. fg.] [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch.2,44.] [Bhagavadgītā 11,50.] [Mahābhārata.3,3013. 2232. 2685. 2997. 13580.4,507.] [Rāmāyaṇa.1,8,25.2,110,35.3,55,2. 71,8.] [KĀM. NĪTIS. 10,26.] [Spr. (II) 4239. 5504.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 19,12.] [Kathāsaritsāgara.9,86. 20,40. 23,46. 25,261. 34,94] [?(im comp.). 46,128. 61,33. 66,190 (im comp.). Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 28,34. Bhāgavatapurāṇa.1,11,1. 12,29. 13,25. PACCAR.3,1,19. Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 856. SADDH. Pāṇini’s acht Bücher.4,11,b.] — β) im Relativsatze auf das grammatische Subject des vorangehenden Demonstrativ-Satzes: hanyātsa enaṃ yo hanyātkuladharmaṃ svakāṃ (svikāṃ ed. Bomb.) tanum [Mahābhārata 6, 123.] — γ) auf das logische Subject (instr.): yavanaireṣa nīyamānaḥ svakaṃ kṣayam [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 4, 28, 23.] [Spr. (II) 7049.] — δ) auf einen gen.: svakāṃ bhāryāṃ gacchatām [Mahābhārata 7, 2762.] tasya matirjātā vyākhyātuṃ pitaraṃ svakam [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 9, 27.] [Suśruta 1, 188, 1.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 32, 175.] — ε) auf einen acc.: añjayantiṃ svake netre [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 4, 44. 9, 273.] [Mahābhārata 1, 1357. 12, 1894.] pitaraṃ ca na paśyāmi kenādya bhavane svake [Rāmāyaṇa Gorresio 2, 74, 14.] — ζ) auf ein zu ergänzendes allgemeines Subject: bhāryā putraḥ svakā tanuḥ so v. a. die Gattin und der Sohn ist des Mannes Leib [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 4, 184.] — b) auf die zweite Person und zwar α) auf das grammatische Subject: svakāṃ nārīm nābhirocayase netuṃ tvam [Rāmāyaṇa 2, 29, 19.] — β) auf einen gen.: mā te svako rtho nipateta mohāt [Mahābhārata 4, 2126 (2127).] [Rāmāyaṇa 5, 64, 8.] — c) auf die erste Person: α) auf das grammatische Subject: svakaṃ sthānaṃ pratipannāḥ sma [Harivaṃśa 12878.] ratiṃ svakeṣu dāreṣu nādhigacchāmi [Rāmāyaṇa 3, 53, 33.] — β) auf den Sprechenden, trotzdem dass im Satz eine 2te imperat. steht: nivedayāma te sarvaṃ svake dāśakule vasa [Rāmāyaṇa 2, 84, 16.] — γ) auf einen gen.: svako yaṃ me bālaḥ sthitaḥ [Kathāsaritsāgara 51, 91.] —

2) m. ein Eigener, Angehöriger; pl. die Eigenen, Seinigen, Freunde: tulyo mitraparasvakeṣu [Mṛcchakaṭikā 137, 24.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 1, 8, 41. 13, 13. 3, 18, 12. 6, 11, 22. 8, 10, 2. 21, 18. 12, 3, 41.] anyasvakacakrato bhayam [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 61.] —

3) n. das Eigenen, Eigenthum: yatsvakena rājā tuṣyenna parasveṣu gṛdhyet [Mahābhārata 3, 225. 5, 616.] sarvaṃ balavatāṃ svakam [15, 842.] nārājake janapade svakaṃ bhavati kasyacit [Spr. (II) 3641.] yuvayoryanmadīyaṃ tanmāmakaṃ yuvayoḥ svakam [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 23, 83.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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