Svabhava, Svabhāva, Sva-bhava: 30 definitions

Introduction:

Svabhava means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Svabhava has 30 English definitions available.

Alternative spellings of this word include Swabhav.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[Deutsch Wörterbuch]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Svabhāva (स्वभाव):—m. die eigene Art des Seins, inhärentes Wesen, Natur (vgl. svo bhāvaḥ [Spr. (II) 3274)] [Amarakoṣa 1, 1, 7, 38. 3, 4, 3, 23. 18, 112. 26, 203. 27, 209.] [Hārāvalī 144.] [Halāyudha 4, 97. 5, 71.] [ŚVETĀŚV. Upakośā 1, 2] (kālaḥ sva zu lesen). [5, 4. 5.] [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 9, 16.] kṛṣṇāgataiḥ netramanaḥsvabhāvaiḥ [Mahābhārata 1, 7015.] [Bhagavadgītā 8, 3.] [Rāmāyaṇa 5, 94, 6.] [Kapila 1, 8.] [CARAKA 1, 7.] [Suśruta 1, 129, 19. 208, 20.] [Spr. (II) 187. 1010. 1471. 3162] (pl.). svabhāvātsvasya retasaḥ [?3340. 4556. 5204. 6935 (pl.).] svabhāvena harenmitram [?7299. fg. Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 1, 7. 68, 109. fgg. 80, 3. SARVADARŚANAS. 10, 17. fgg. 14, 16. fgg. 53, 1. 6 (pl.). Bhāgavatapurāṇa 1, 17, 19. 2, 5, 14. 34. 7, 49. 10, 12. 3, 7, 29. 8, 7, 25.] varga [Weber’s Verzeichniss No. 896.] [BURNOUF,] [?Intr. 441. WASSILYEW 127.] pravartate [Bhagavadgītā 5, 14.] na nivartate [Spr. (II) 2557.] atiricyate [3316.] na svabhāvamativartante [3314.] svabhāvaṃ na jahāti [7291.] na muñcati [7295.] svabhāve vartate lokaḥ [3182.] tiṣṭhati [Rāmāyaṇa 5, 94, 5.] svabhāvo duratikramaḥ [KUSUM. 7, 21.] svaccha [PAÑCAR. 1, 14, 91.] sukhi [Hitopadeśa 106, 16.] svabhāvāt durch sein eigenes Wesen, von Natur, von Haus aus, durch sich selbst, von selbst [Rāmāyaṇa 3, 52, 30.] [Kapila 3, 61.] [Spr. (II) 3191. 4797. 6139. 7298.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 12, 7.] [SARVADARŚANAS. 5, 19. 6, 2. 7, 9.] svabhāvatas dass. [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 2, 23. 9, 15. 38.] [Kapila 1, 7.] [Spr. (II) 5282.] [GOLĀDHY.] [BHUVANAK. 5.] [Pañcatantra 166, 15.] svabhāvena dass. [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 8, 78.] [SĀṂKHYAK. 55.] [Spr. (II) 1319, v. l. 2255.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 33, 110.] [SARVADARŚANAS. 31, 22. 32, 1.] svasvabhāvena dass. [Mṛcchakaṭikā 168, 16.] am Anf. eines comp. in dieser Bed.: gandha so v. a. der natürliche Geruch [Spr. (II) 2856.] bhāva [3296.] sujana ein von Natur guter Mensch [3926.] vīra [7294.] śūra [7295.] virutāni [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 88, 34.] kaṭhina [Spr. (II) 7289.] capala [7420.] cala [6267.] prasiddha [Suśruta 1, 117, 15.] bhadra Śiva [Śivanāmasahasra] mṛdu [Spr. (II) 7293.] vinate bhruvau [?ad Śākuntala 69. 2.] śuddha [Oxforder Handschriften 272,b, No. 644.] [BURNOUF,] [Intr. 633.] saṃsiddha [CARAKA 1, 30.] siddha [Spr. (II) 5690.] [Kāśikīvṛtti] zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 1, 2, 53.] sundara [Spr. (II) 7297.] ja von Natur eigen, natürlich, angeboren: guṇāḥ [Rāmāyaṇa Gorresio 1, 25. 19.] doṣāḥ [Spr. (II) 328.] mitra [3370,] [v. l. 7290.] [Sāhityadarpana 163.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 4, 29, 41.] ṛtu [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 46, 96.] janita dass. [Spr. (II) 1613.] sarvartu [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 21, 18. 27.] kṛta dass. [47, 28.] ṛtu [46, 83.] prabhava dass. [90, 2.] Am Ende eines adj. comp. (f. ā): siddha [Aśvalāyana’s Śrautasūtrāni 12, 4, 17.] anavabuddha [Suśruta 1, 195, 1. 2.] ṛju [Harivaṃśa 7094.] krūra [Rāmāyaṇa Gorresio 2, 76, 3.] cala [Spr. (II) 6861.] duṣṭa [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 78, 16.] pāpa [Rāmāyaṇa Gorresio 2, 76, 2. 3. 56, 20.] mugdha [Pañcatantra 44, 19.] lola [Rāmāyaṇa 4, 52, 10.] vāma [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 1, 7, 42.] viṣama [Spr. (II) 4094.] śuddha [Rāmāyaṇa 2, 74, 9 (76, 14 Gorresio).] su [Mahābhārata 13, 6781.] dvi [Sūryasiddhānta 14, 4.] kalpataru [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 8, 23, 8.] vidyā [Nīlakaṇṭha 253.] Bemerkenswerth ist die euphemistische Redensart: svabhāvamāpatsyate so v. a. er wird der Natur den Tribut bezahlen (svabhāvaḥ pravṛtteruparamo maraṇamityeko rthaḥ Glosse) [CARAKA 1, 30.] — Vgl. vimala, strī (die Natur des Weibes [?auch Rāmāyaṇa 1, 28, 11. 2, 72, 46. 3, 51, 5. 5, 23, 28]), svābhāvika .

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Svābhāva (स्वाभाव):—(sva + a) m. eigene Nichtexistenz [Nīlakaṇṭha 14.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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