Surabhi, Surabhī, Surabhin: 45 definitions

Introduction:

Surabhi means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Surabhi has 43 English definitions available.

Alternative spellings of this word include Surbhi.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[Deutsch Wörterbuch]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Surabhi (सुरभि):—(im Padap. ohne Avagraha) [Prātiśākhya zur Vājasaneyisaṃhitā 5, 37.]

1) adj. (f. i, in der späteren Sprache auch ī) a) wohlriechend, duftig [Amarakoṣa 1, 1, 4, 20.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 1, 19.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1390.] [Anekārthasaṃgraha 3, 460. fg.] [Medinīkoṣa bh. 22. fg.] mukha [Ṛgveda 4, 39, 6.] ya īmā.uḥ sura.hirnirha.eti [1, 162, 13.] havya [10, 15, 12.] su.a.hā u lo.e so v. a. auf der Streu [5, 1, 6. 10, 70, 4.] yoni [107, 9. 7, 1, 18.] Soma [9, 97, 19. Agni 10, 53, 3.] Araṇyāṇī [146, 6.] [Atharvavedasaṃhitā 6, 124, 3.] Kräuter [11, 4, 6. 12, 1, 23. 59. 14, 2, 44.] gandha [19, 38, 1.] [Ṣaḍviṃśabrāhmaṇa 2, 3.] [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 13, 4, 4, 7. 14, 1, 2, 12.] [Aśvalāyana’s Śrautasūtrāni 3, 13, 11.] [Taittirīyabrāhmaṇa 3, 9, 7, 5.] [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 3, 209. 227.] [Mahābhārata 1, 5057. 3, 2194.] [Rāmāyaṇa 2, 93, 12.] [Rāmāyaṇa Gorresio 2, 103, 14. 3, 58, 23. 79, 3. 5, 14, 24. 76, 23.] [Suśruta 1, 191, 18. 215, 8.] [KĀM. NĪTIS. 7, 49.] [Meghadūta 16. 21. 23. 33. 104. 106.] [Raghuvaṃśa 3, 3. 12, 102. 15, 8.] [Vikramorvaśī 105.] [Śākuntala 3. 55. 66.] [Spr. (II) 1509. 4347. 7106.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 12, 16. 15, 3. 16, 28.] [Rājataraṅgiṇī 2, 122.] [Prabodhacandrodaja 7, 6.] [WEBER, KṚṢṆAJ. 290.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 5, 2, 11. 5, 33. 16, 18. 8, 21, 6.] [PAÑCAR. 3, 8, 12] (tara compar.). [TARKAS. 14.] uneig.: yaśobhiḥ [Raghuvaṃśa 2, 3]; vgl. unter surabhay . — b) überh. lieblich, angenehm [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] atka [Ṛgveda 6, 29, 3. 10, 123, 7.] adha syāma su.abhayo gṛ.eṣu [Atharvavedasaṃhitā 18, 3, 17.] ājyaṃ vai devānāṃ surabhi [Aitareyabrāhmaṇa 1, 3.] — c) = śreṣṭha [Halāyudha 5, 14.] = vikhyāta [Dharaṇīkoṣa im Śabdakalpadruma] so v. a. in gutem Rufe stehend (und zugleich Frühling) [Spr. (II) 2017.] — d) = dhīra [DHARAṆĪ im Śabdakalpadruma] —

2) m. a) Bez. verschiedener wohlriechender Pflanzen und Stoffe: = campaka [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] [Rājanirghaṇṭa 10, 59.] = kadamba [9, 101.] = vakula [10, 64.] = mudgara 79. = barbara [12, 23.] = gandhaśāli [16, 51.] = śamī, kaṇaguggulu und gandhatṛṇa [Rājanirghaṇṭa im Śabdakalpadruma] = gandhaphala [Śabdaratnāvalī] ebend. Muskatnuss [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] das Harz der Shorea robusta [Rājanirghaṇṭa 12, 117. -] [Suśruta 2, 38, 11. 18.] — b) Frühling [Amarakoṣa 1, 1, 3, 18.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 3, 291.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 156.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] [Hārāvalī 132.] [Spr. (II) 1920. 2017. 6489.] [Kirātārjunīya 10, 30.] Bez. des Monats Caitra [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] —

3) f. i und ī a) Bez. verschiedener wohlriechender Pflanzen: = śallakī [Amarakoṣa 2, 4, 4, 11.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] [Ratnamālā 195.] [Rājanirghaṇṭa 11, 196.] = murā [Medinīkoṣa] [Rājanirghaṇṭa 12, 139.] = rudrajaṭā [3, 67.] = śamī [8, 33.] = navamālikā [10, 94.] = tulasī 151. = pācī 168. — b) = surā [Medinīkoṣa v. l.] für murā nach [Śabdakalpadruma] — c) = mātṛbheda, bhid [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] Nomen proprium einer mythischen Kuh, der Mutter des Rindes (erscheint auch als Tochter Dakṣa’s, Gattin Kaśyapa’s und Mutter der Rudra) [Mahābhārata 1, 2625. 2631. 3927. 2, 457. 3, 328. fgg. 14486. 5, 3602. fgg. 12, 6432. fgg. 13, 3906. fgg.] [Harivaṃśa 164. 170. 233. 3149. 11527. 11533. fg. 12447.] [Rāmāyaṇa 2, 74, 12. 15 (76, 17. 19. fg. Gorresio).] surabheḥ sutāḥ so v. a. das Rindvieh [91,53.3,20,23. 28.7,23,21. 24.] [Raghuvaṃśa 1,75. 81.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 28,191. 110,52.] [Lassen’s Anthologie (III) 89,16.] [Oxforder Handschriften 24,b,43.] [Viṣṇupurāṇa 76. 122.] [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 21,32. 41. 58.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 6,6,25. fg.] [PAÑCAR. 1,1,69.] — d) Kuh überh. [Amarakoṣa 3, 4, 22, 139.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1265.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] [Halāyudha 2. 113.] surabhīmāṃsa [Spr. (II) 4064.] — e) die Erde [DHARAṆĪ im Śabdakalpadruma] —

4) n. a) ein wohlriechender Stoff, Parfum [GOBH. 4, 3, 17. 4, 8.] [Śāṅkhāyana’s Gṛhyasūtrāṇi 1, 11.] sarva [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 3, 2, 2, 15. 12, 8, 3, 16.] [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 7, 4, 24. 19, 4, 14.] [Kauśika’s Sūtra zum Atuarvaveda 76. 82. fg. 85.] deva [Pañcaviṃśabrāhmaṇa 24, 13, 5.] [LĀṬY. 10, 4, 10.] [Chāndogyopaniṣad 1, 2, 2.] [Rāmāyaṇa] [Gorresio 1, 9, 8.] — b) Gold [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] — c) Schwefel [Śabdaratnāvalī im Śabdakalpadruma] [Medinīkoṣa] (gandhopala = gandhāśman st. gandhotpala zu lesen). — Vgl. saurabha u. s. w.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Surabhin (सुरभिन्):—(von surabhi) adj. mit Wohlgerüchen eingerieben, parfümirt [Kauśika’s Sūtra zum Atuarvaveda 67. 140.] compar surabhintara schönduftend: Soma [Ṛgveda 9, 107, 2.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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