Sphatika, Sphaṭikā, Sphaṭika, Sphāṭīka: 30 definitions

Introduction:

Sphatika means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Sphatika has 29 English definitions available.

Alternative spellings of this word include Sphatik.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[Deutsch Wörterbuch]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Sphaṭika (स्फटिक):—(von sphaṭ)

1) m. Bergkrystall [MONTGOMERY MARTIN], Eastern India [1, 243.] [Hiouen-Thsang 1, 482. 2, 179.] [Amarakoṣa 3, 4, 1, 4.] [Halāyudha 2, 21.] [Rājanirghaṇṭa 13, 204.] [ŚVETĀŚV. Upakośā 2, 11.] [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 1, 296.] citrasphaṭikasopānā [Mahābhārata 2, 89. 14, 1728.] arkasphaṭikaśubhra [5, 3576.] [Harivaṃśa 13158.] [Rāmāyaṇa 2, 30, 24.] [Suśruta 1, 28, 5. 228, 5] (unter den edlen Steinen). pātra [240, 16. 303, 6. 315, 7. 2, 328, 13 ] (v. l. sphā). [336, 16.] [Meghadūta 52. 63. 77.] [Raghuvaṃśa 10, 19. 13, 60.] [Spr. (II) 4705.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 4, 30. 8, 53. 12, 5. 20. 54, 110. 64, 1. 68, 89.] kācasphaṭikakhaṇḍāḥ [Kathāsaritsāgara 24, 178. 50, 191.] sphaṭikāpāṇḍuratviṣ [109,42.] [Oxforder Handschriften 238,b,7. 250,a,16.] [PAÑCAR. 1,7,2.] sphaṭikākṣamālikā [Kumārasaṃbhava 5, 63.] śuddhasphaṭikamālā [PAÑCAR. 1, 4, 5. 7, 83.] harmya [Kumārasaṃbhava 6, 42.] bhitti [Kirātārjunīya 5, 31.] kuḍya [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 3, 15, 21. 33, 17. 4, 9, 62.] lauhitya (vgl. lauhitīkaḥ sphaṭikaḥ [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 5, 3, 110, Scholiast]) [Scholiast] zu [Kapila 1, 59.] maṇi [Prabodhacandrodaja 15, 5. 26, 5.] sphaṭikāśman [Śabdaratnāvalī] bei [WILSON]; gokṣīra (vgl. kṣīra) [AMṚTAN. Upakośā] in [Weber’s Indische Studien 9, 37.] drei Arten [VĀCASPATI] beim Schol. zu [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1068.] —

2) f. ā Alaun [Bhāvaprakāśa im Śabdakalpadruma] Kampfer [Rājanirghaṇṭa 12, 61.] — Vgl. kṣīra, kha, taila, piṅga, pīta, viśva und sphāṭika .

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Sphāṭika (स्फाटिक):—(von sphaṭika)

1) adj. (f. ā und ī) krystallen [Mahābhārata 1, 2346. 2366. 2, 75. 1664. 1667. 3, 11698. 13, 5316.] [Harivaṃśa 12098] (f. ā) [Rāmāyaṇa 3, 61, 6. 4, 50, 29. 5, 9, 17. 6, 106, 24.] [Suśruta 2, 324, 17.] [Spr. (II) 2132.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 21, 10. 50, 188. 86, 119.] liṅga [Oxforder Handschriften 85,a,45. fg.] akṣamālā [PAÑCAR. 3, 15, 58.] [Śatruṃjayamāhātmya 8, 34.] —

2) f. ī (v. l. sphāṭakī) Alaun [Rājanirghaṇṭa 13, 121.] —

3) n. a) = sphaṭika Bergkrystall [Śabdaratnāvalī im Śabdakalpadruma] [Mahābhārata 2, 1982] [?(?). 3, 14221. Rāmāyaṇa 5, 10, 10. 13, 11. 16, 25.] — b) eine Sandelart [ĀŚV. GṚHY.] [PARIŚ. 2, 3.]

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Sphāṭīka (स्फाटीक):—n. dass. [Śabdaratnāvalī im Śabdakalpadruma]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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