Shrava, Śrava, Śravā: 14 definitions

Introduction:

Shrava means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Shrava has 13 English definitions available.

The Sanskrit terms Śrava and Śravā can be transliterated into English as Srava or Shrava, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

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Sanskrit dictionary

[Deutsch Wörterbuch]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Śrava (श्रव):—(von 1. śru)

1) adj. tönend [Vājasaneyisaṃhitā 16, 34.] —

2) m. a) Ohr: sthūlaradaśravādharanasaḥ adj. [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka 17, 9.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 103, 158.] hierher oder zu 1. śravas [Amarakoṣa 2, 6, 2, 45.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 573.] [Halāyudha 2, 361.] — b) hierher oder zu 1. śravas Hypotenuse [Sūryasiddhānta 3, 26. 4, 20.] — c) das Hören: tataḥ prahasitāḥ sarve nāradasya vacaḥśravāt [Harivaṃśa 10889. 10914.] [Raghuvaṃśa 11, 72.] apyadṛṣṭaṃ śravādeva puruṣaṃ dharmacāriṇam janāḥ kurvate priyam nach dem blossen Hörensagen [Mahābhārata 13, 4963.] cakame vāsudevastāṃ śravādeva [Harivaṃśa 6594. fg.] vidurasya śrave rājā taṃ ca pratyabhipūjayat so dass es Vidura hörte [Mahābhārata 15, 699.] suduḥ überaus unangenehm zu hören [UTTARAR. 123, 3 (166, 2).] — Vgl. karṇa, pṛthu, sukha, śrutaśravā .

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Śrāva (श्राव):—m. Nomen proprium eines Sohnes des Yuvanāśva und Vaters des Śrāvastaka [Mahābhārata 3, 13517.] [Harivaṃśa 670] (nach der Lesart der neueren Ausg.).

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Srava (स्रव):—(von sru)

1) m. [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 3, 3, 27, Scholiast] a) = snava [Amarakoṣa 3, 3, 9.] am Ende eines comp. Ausfluss von: snehasravānprasravati jihvā [Mahābhārata 1, 5934.] vipulau snapayantī sā stanau netrajalasravaiḥ [Rāmāyaṇa 5, 25, 55.] asṛksravokṣita [42, 20.] [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 14, 75.] rajata [Rāmāyaṇa 5, 54, 18.] dhātu [7, 14, 27.] jala [Scholiast] zu [Śākuntala 14] (śrava geschr.). am Ende eines adj. comp. (f. ā) strömen lassend, in Strömen ausgiessend: gairikāmbu (giri) [Mahābhārata 7, 3373.] madhu (s. auch bes.) [13, 1848.] rudhira [2072] (sravas ed. Calc.). kṣīra (gaṅgā) [3511.] mada [Rāmāyaṇa 7, 35, 37.] madhudugdhaghṛta [Rāmāyaṇa] in [Lassen’s Anthologie (III) 59, 3.] raktadhārā [Kathāsaritsāgara 90, 154.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 6, 12, 26.] — b) Wasserfall [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1096.] — c) Urin [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 633.] — d) fehlerhaft α) für sruva [Kathāsaritsāgara 73, 309.] — β) für eva [Gedicht vom Vogel Cātaka 6] in [ Kunde des Morgenlandes 4, 375]; vgl. [Spr. (II) 1340.] —

2) f. ā eine best. Pflanze, = sruvā [RĀYAM.] zu [Amarakoṣa 2, 4, 3, 2] nach [Śabdakalpadruma] = madhusravā und madhu [Scholiast] zu [Amarakoṣa 2, 4, 5, 7.] — Vgl. amṛta, ambudhi, giri, vahu, madhu, madhura, lālā, sudhā, surabhi und srāva .

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Srāva (स्राव):—(von sru) m. = srava [BHARATA] zu [Amarakoṣa 3, 3, 9] nach [Śabdakalpadruma] Fluss (insbes. krankhafter), Ausfluss: jalātsrāvaḥ pravartate [Harivaṃśa 2192.] teṣāṃ (phalānāṃ jambvāḥ) srāvātprabhavati khyātā jābūnadīti vai [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 54, 29.] gandhahastimada (so ed. Bomb.) [Mahābhārata 6, 3154.] rudhira [7, 6608.] [Harivaṃśa 13555.] vividhaiḥ śoṇitasrāvaiḥ [Mahābhārata 9, 945.] vṛkṣātkṣīrasrāve [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 46, 26.] [Suśruta 1, 34, 16. 36, 2. 69, 16. 84, 4. 85, 4.] śoṇita [?277,17. Oxforder Handschriften 315,a,4 v. u. Weber’s Verzeichniss No. 958.] jalasrāva [Suśruta 2, 305, 6.] kaphaja [10.] rakta [15.] pūya [21. 307, 1. 332, 18.] udaka das Abfliessen [] zu [Chāndogyopaniṣad] [S. 51.] am Ende eines adj. comp.: salila von dem Wasser abfliesst [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 4, 15, 14.] — Vgl. garbha, nāsā, moca, rakta, lālā und srava .

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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