Shramana, Śramaṇa: 17 definitions

Introduction:

Shramana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Shramana has 16 English definitions available.

The Sanskrit term Śramaṇa can be transliterated into English as Sramana or Shramana, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[Deutsch Wörterbuch]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Śramaṇa (श्रमण):—(von 1. śram) mit kṛta u. s. w. componirt gaṇa śreṇyādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 2, 1, 59.]

1) adj. der sich abmüht, kasteit; m. Bettelmönch, insbes. ein buddhistischer, Buddhist überh. (Gautama selbst erhält dieses Beiwort) [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 1, 1, 24.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 75.] [Anekārthasaṃgraha 3, 227.] [Medinīkoṣa ṇ. 80] (nach [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] und [Medinīkoṣa] auch = nindyajīvin). [Halāyudha 2, 190.] [Colebrooke 2, 196. 203.] [WILSON, Sel. Works 1, 295. 303. 2, 312. fgg.] [BURNOUF, Intr. 78. 275. fg. 297.] [Lassen’s Indische Alterthumskunde 2, 238. 263. 449.] [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 14, 7, 1, 22.] [Taittirīyāraṇyaka] in [Weber’s Indische Studien 1, 78.] śramaṇāśca vanaukasaḥ [Mahābhārata 1, 7778] [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 13, 13 (11 Gorresio).] gaṇa yuvādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 5, 1, 130.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 5, 3, 20. 11, 2, 20. 12, 3, 19.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 27, 18. 38, 56. 51, 118. fgg. 53, 39. 65, 132. 75, 37. 39.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 87, 9] (v. l. für śravaṇa). [Rājataraṅgiṇī 1, 199. 5, 427.] [Sāhityadarpana 103, 12.] [Rgva tch’er rol pa ed. Calc. 2, 20. 308, 6. 14. 309, 20. 318, 18. 320, 6. 7. 20.] [WASSILJEW 63. 83. 212. 248.] Vie de [Hiouen-Thsang 62.] śramaṇā f. [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 3, 141.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 532,] [Scholiast] [Halāyudha 2, 332.] [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 1, 55 (59 Gorresio).] [MAHĀVĪRAC. 80, 12. fgg.] kumāra [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 2, 1, 70. 6, 2, 26.] śramaṇī [Rāmāyaṇa 2, 38, 5. ed. Bomb. 1, 1, 57.] —

2) f. ā eine Bettelnonne; s. u. 1); = śabarībhid (vgl. [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 1, 55]), sudarśanā und māṃsī [Medinīkoṣa] = muṇḍīrī [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 3, 141.] [Medinīkoṣa] — Vgl. a, paścācchramaṇa, pramatta, mahā, śrāmaṇera und 4. śravaṇa .

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Śrāmaṇa (श्रामण):—n. nom. abstr. von śramaṇa v. l. (aber richtig) im gaṇa yuvādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 5, 1, 130.]

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Śramaṇa (श्रमण):—

1) Buddhist: brāhmaṇam leben in Feindschaft [Patañjali] [?a. a. O.2,398,a.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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