Shoka, Śoka, Soka, Śokā: 26 definitions

Introduction:

Shoka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Shoka has 25 English definitions available.

The Sanskrit terms Śoka and Śokā can be transliterated into English as Soka or Shoka, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Shok.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[Deutsch Wörterbuch]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Śoka (शोक):—1. (von 1. śuc) adj. glühend [Atharvavedasaṃhitā 1, 25, 3.]

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Śoka (शोक):—2. (wie eben) m.

1) Gluth, Flamme: a.neḥ [Ṛgveda 2, 38, 5. 4, 6, 5. 10, 31, 9.] a.hi prehi.nirdaha hṛ.su śokaiḥ [103, 12.] [Atharvavedasaṃhitā 4, 14, 1.] [Vājasaneyisaṃhitā 13, 45.] [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 6, 5, 4, 16.] —

2) Qual, Schmerz, Kummer, Gram, Trauer [Amarakoṣa 1, 1, 5, 13. 7, 25.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 1, 1, 129.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 72. 299.] [Halāyudha 1, 91.] apṛṇantama.hi saṃ yantu.śokāḥ [Ṛgveda 1, 125, 7.] hṛdayya [Atharvavedasaṃhitā 6, 18, 1.] [Vājasaneyisaṃhitā 30, 14.] [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 14, 6, 4, 1.] ajāta [12, 3, 1, 9.] harṣaśokau [Kaṭhopaniṣad 2, 12.] [Colebrooke I, 397.] vītaśokabhaya [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 6, 32.] jaṃ vāri [Mahābhārata 3, 2172. 12038.] tasyādarśanajaḥ [Rāmāyaṇa 2, 64, 65.] [Suśruta 1, 253, 1.] [Spr. 2644.] sthānasahasrāṇi [3022.] nāsti samo ripuḥ [3025.] nāsti samaṃ tamaḥ [3024.] śokena rogo vardhate [5081.] [Spr. (II) 1205.] śokasya mūloddharaṇāni pañca [4119.] [SARVADARŚANAS. 43, 11] (unter den 18 doṣā nayasya bei den Jaina). [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 3, 14. 9, 37. 52, 2. 53, 77. 81, 30.] dvābhyāṃ śokābhyāmabhitapyate [Rāmāyaṇa 2, 62, 5.] śokairbahubhirāvṛtaḥ [72, 26. 75, 18. 81, 3. 105, 35.] śokānnudati [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 104, 6.] da [47, 12.] jagataḥ hartā [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 3, 14, 48.] śokāpanuda [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 3, 2, 5.] śokāpanoda adj. Vārtt. śokāpaha [Vopadeva’s Grammatik 26, 33.] śalya [Suśruta 1, 100, 10.] paṅkārṇava [Mahābhārata 5, 7009.] sāgara [Rāmāyaṇa 2, 38, 15.] [WEBER, KṚṢṆAJ. 265. 295.] duḥkhaśokārṇava ebend. śokaṃ dhārayasva [Rāmāyaṇa 2, 34, 48.] āviṣṭaḥ śokaduḥkhābhyām [Mahābhārata 3, 2957.] tīvraśokasamāviṣṭā [2958. 2273.] [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 6, 77.] parītātman [Mahābhārata 1, 5902.] saṃtapta [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 1, 52.] vegasamāhata [2, 44, 16.] śokopahatacetanā [Mahābhārata 3, 2267.] vihata [Spr. (II) 2781.] saṃvignamānasa [Bhagavadgītā 1, 47.] yuktā [ŚUK.] in [Lassen’s Anthologie (III) 35, 17.] śokaṃ kṛtvā [Vetālapañcaviṃśati ebend. 18, 3.] śokaṃ me vardhayasi [Mahābhārata 3, 2330.] dvayorhi kulayoḥ śokamāvaheyuḥ [Spr. 5285.] mama śokavivardhana [Mahābhārata 3, 2428.] rājñaḥ (subj.) [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 3, 12.] mama (obj.) śokena saṃvignā [Mahābhārata 3, 2777.] [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 2, 19.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 51, 11.] suhṛcchokavivardhana der Freunde Kummer [Mahābhārata 3, 2302.] bhartṛśokābhipīḍitā Trauer um [2490. 2499. 2668.] [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 1, 33. 2, 24, 29. 38, 16. 62, 5. 63, 4. 6, 94, 6.] [Raghuvaṃśa 12, 97.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 2,43. 22, 156.] [Pañcatantra 103, 2.] am Ende eines adj. comp. f. ā [Harivaṃśa 1156.] [Rāmāyaṇa 5, 28, 18.] ugraśokā ad [Meghadūta 112.] ārdraśokā [Kathāsaritsāgara 21, 113.] [Rājataraṅgiṇī 6, 310.] sa bekümmert, traurig, betrübt [Rāmāyaṇa 2, 34, 18. 62, 1.] [Ṛtusaṃhāra 6, 16.] [Spr. (II) 614.] [Hitopadeśa 77, 1.] saśokam adv. [Vikramorvaśī 52, 18.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 5, 107.] der personificirte Śoka ist ein Sohn des Todes [Viṣṇupurāṇa 56.] [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 50, 31.] des Droṇa von der Abhimati [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 6, 6, 11.] — cikitsā [Weber’s Verzeichniss 949] wohl fehlerhaft für śotha . — Vgl. a, arka, tri, niḥ, vi, vīta, śīrṣa, sahasra .

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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