Shaiva, Śaiva, Śaivā: 20 definitions


Shaiva means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Shaiva has 19 English definitions available.

The Sanskrit terms Śaiva and Śaivā can be transliterated into English as Saiva or Shaiva, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Shaiv.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[Deutsch Wörterbuch]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Śaiva (शैव):—1.

1) adj. zu Śiva in Beziehung stehend, von ihm kommend, ihm geweiht u.s.w.: śūla [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 29, 6.] dhanus [66, 19.] devakula [Kathāsaritsāgara 10, 30.] āyatana [40, 89.] mantrāḥ [WEBER, Rāmatāpanīya Upaniṣad 355.] [Oxforder Handschriften 91], a, [23.] purāṇa [Viṣṇupurāṇa.3,6,19.] [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa S. 659, Z. 3.] [WEBER, KṚṢṆAJ. 234.] [Oxforder Handschriften.8,a,1. 30,a, No. 75. 59,a,37. 65,a,34.b,22. 271,a,5.] [Weber’s Indische Studien.1,18,8.] [WILSON, Sel. Works 1,210.] pañcarātra [PAÑCAR. 1, 1, 57.] śāstra oder n. mit Ergänzung dieses Wortes [Weber’s Verzeichniss No. 810.] [Oxforder Handschriften 46], a, [4. 91], a, [17. 247], a, [Nalopākhyāna 3. 276], b, [15.] tantra [108], b, [No. 169.] dass. ohne tantra [104,a,26.] —

2) m. a) patron. von Śiva [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 1, 112.] [Vopadeva’s Grammatik 7, 1. 10.] — b) ein Verehrer Śiva’s (auch Bez. einer best. Śivaitischen Secte) [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 1, 23.] [WILSON, Sel. Works] passim; [Colebrooke 1, 196. fgg.] [Prabodhacandrodaja 86, 6.] [WEBER, Rāmatāpanīya Upaniṣad 335.] [Weber’s Verzeichniss No. 543. 616.] [Oxforder Handschriften 16], a, [Nalopākhyāna 1. 74], b, [19. 92], a, [18. 242], b, [No. 599. 247], b, [2 v. u. 248], a, [7. 258], b, [3.] [Vopadeva’s Grammatik 3, 132. 7, 23.] darśana [SARVADARŚANAS. 80. fgg.] der Śivait als ein Sohn Vasiṣṭha’s angesehen [Oxforder Handschriften 46], a, [6. 276], b, [16.] — c) Nomen proprium des 5ten schwarzen Vāsudeva [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 696.] — d) Bez. zweier Pflanzen: Stechapfel und = vasuka [Rājanirghaṇṭa im Śabdakalpadruma] —

3) f. ī Name der Göttin Manasā [Oxforder Handschriften 24,b,38.] —

4) n. Glück, Wohlfahrt: tyajāśvaśaivam [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 3, 1, 13.] — Vgl. vīra .

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Śaiva (शैव):—2. n. = śaivāla [Śabdacandrikā im Śabdakalpadruma]

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Śaiva (शैव):—3. fehlerhafte Schreibart für śaiba .

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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