Samyoga, Saṃyoga: 30 definitions

Introduction:

Samyoga means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Samyoga has 29 English definitions available.

Alternative spellings of this word include Sanyog.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[Deutsch Wörterbuch]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Saṃyoga (संयोग):—(von 1. yuj mit sam) m.

1) Verbindung, Zusammenhang, Vereinigung, Zusammentreffen (Gegens. vibhāga, pṛthaktva, viyoga, viprayoga, viraha, apāya); in der Philosophie die Kategorie der unmittelbaren Berührung, Contact (anschaulich gemacht durch das Beispiel der Vermengung von Sesamkörnern und Reis, während für samavāya die Mischung von Wasser und Milch angeführt wird, [PRATĀPAR.] [?103,b,7). Yogasūtra.2,23. 25. KAṆ.1,1,6.] anyatarakarmaja ubhayakarmajaḥ saṃyogajaśca saṃyogaḥ [?7, 2, 9. Colebrooke 1, 266. Nīlakaṇṭha 93. Bhāṣāpariccheda 3. WILSON, SĀṂKHYAK. S. 6.] aikya, saṃyoga, nānātva, samavāya [Mahābhārata 2, 137.] — [Āpastamba] im Comm. zu [Taittirīyasaṃhitā 2, 109, 5.] [Mahābhārata 15, 934.] [Harivaṃśa 10076.] [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 5, 1, 38.] [Meghadūta 85.] [Sāhityadarpana 17, 10.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 5, 14, 1. 7, 10, 53.] syāla āsannaḥ saṃyogena so v. a. Verschwägerung [Yāska’s Nirukta 6, 9.] [Mahābhārata 13, 4626.] saṃyogā viprayogāntāḥ [Spr. (II) 6624. 6948.] saṃyogo hi viyogasya saṃsūcayati saṃbhavam [6625.] abhaṅgura [1857.] atyanta [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 2, 1, 29. 3, 5.] [Vopadeva’s Grammatik 5, 4.] Construction des Wortes: a) mit einem gen. α) Zusammenhang innerhalb eines Ganzen: paṭasya eines Gewebes [KAṆ. 10, 2, 5.] — β) Verbindung einzelner Theile, Zusammenhang zwischen: eṣām [ŚVETĀŚV. Upakośā 1, 2. 5, 12.] [KAṆ. 1, 1, 30. 4, 2, 2.] [SĀṂKHYAK. 21. 66.] etenāyamāvayorjātaḥ saṃyogo nyonyasaṃmataḥ [Kathāsaritsāgara 121, 123.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 1,13, 40.] apāmagneśca [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 5, 113.] puruṣasya striyāścaiva (Gegens. viprayoga) [9, 1.] hemakasya mṛgasya ca . kuto loke saṃyogaḥ [Rāmāyaṇa 3, 49, 20.] — γ) Verbindung —, Vereinigung —, Contact mit: ādipuruṣasya saṃyogamātreṇa prakṛtermahattvarūpeṇa pariṇamanam [Nīlakaṇṭha 215.] yasya saṃyogametya [Meghadūta 12.] akāryāṇāṃ kriyāṇāṃ ca saṃyogaṃ yaḥ karoti vai . kāryāṇāmakriyāṇāṃ ca so v. a. unternehmen, sich machen an [Mahābhārata 8, 3421.] — b) mit saha und instr. dass.: tvayā saha [Rāmāyaṇa Gorresio 2, 29, 18.] āpātaramaṇīyānāṃ saṃyogānāṃ priyaiḥ saha [Spr. (II) 970.] pāṇḍavaiḥ saha saṃyogaṃ gatasya drupadasya ha in ein freundschaftliches Verhältniss getreten mit [Mahābhārata 1, 7347.] — c) mit blossem instr. dass.: proṣitena priyeṇa [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 90, 14.] śaśāṅkena grahāṇām [Sūryasiddhānta 7, 23.] apriyaiḥ [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 6, 62.] brāhmairyaunaiśca saṃbandhaiḥ saṃyogaṃ patitairgatvā [3, 157. 12, 60.] kathaṃ tau dvijapārthivau . punardehena saṃyogaṃ jagmatuḥ [Rāmāyaṇa 7, 56, 2.] enasā na tu saṃyogaṃ prāpsyase jātu [Mahābhārata 5, 7262.] — d) mit loc. Vereinigung in so v. a. das Aufgehen in: tasyāḥ (manogateḥ) brahmaṇi saṃyogo yoga ityabhidhīyate [Viṣṇupurāṇa 6, 7, 31.] — e) am Ende eines comp. α) Zusammenhang innerhalb eines Ganzen: vākya [Yāska’s Nirukta 6, 1.] — β) Verbindung einzelner Theile, Vereinigung —, das Zusammenkommen von: śukraśoṇita [Yāska’s Nirukta 14, 6.] nānāpadasaṃdhāna = padasaṃhitā [Taittirīyasaṃhitā] [Prātiśākhya 24, 3.] [KAṆ. 1, 1, 29.] bhujasaṃyogapīḍita [Rāmāyaṇa 5, 13, 51.] karmaphala [Bhagavadgītā 5, 14. 13, 26.] pañcagraha [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 5, 17.] vāyvarka [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 5, 16, 21.] prakṛtipuruṣa [23, 3.] pradhānapuruṣa [SARVADARŚANAS. 152, 22.] madyānyāsavasaṃyogāḥ [Suśruta 1, 145, 13.] dravya [190, 20.] āhāra [2, 438, 12.] gandhasaṃyogāḥ [Rāmāyaṇa 4, 44, 99.] saṃpanno rthasaṃyogaiḥ [24, 9.] nayavikrama [Spr. (II) 5084. 5597.] saṃyoga d. i. mantra (im Gegens. zu mantrabheda) so v. a. Uebereinstimmung der Meinungen im Rathe [Rāmāyaṇa 5, 82, 8.] — γ) Verbindung —, Zusammenhang —, Contact mit: dravya (so v. a. Attribut) [Yāska’s Nirukta 7, 6.] yajñasaṃyogādrājā stutiṃ labhate rājasaṃyogādyuddhopakaraṇāni [9, 11. 10, 21.] [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 1, 3, 27. 4, 2, 13. 15, 27. 23, 4, 25.] [Śāṅkhāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 1, 1, 24.] [GOBH. 3, 9, 19.] sarpirjatumadhūcchiṣṭānāmagnisaṃyogāddravatvam [KAṆ. 2, 1, 6. 5, 1, 6. 14. 2, 17.] [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 1, 33.] sa bhavāndaṇḍasaṃyogenānena hṛtakilbiṣaḥ [Rāmāyaṇa 4, 17, 58.] vajrasaṃyogayuktaiḥ -ābharaṇaiḥ [5, 45, 3.] rūpyasaṃyogasaṃskṛte varāsane [8. 50, 8.] śāstrāya gurusaṃyogaḥ [KĀM. NĪTIS. 1, 59.] [Meghadūta 88.] mitra [Spr. (II) 1166.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 87,19. fgg.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 28,15. 35,88.] [Oxforder Handschriften 80,b,8.] [Halāyudha.2,451.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa.4,1,23.6,17,29.] [Nīlakaṇṭha 25.] sukha [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 6, 64.] duḥkha [Bhagavadgītā 6, 23.] [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 16, 6. 7.] (astram) gāṇḍīvasaṃyogamānīya [Mahābhārata 3, 12241.] prāpitaścāgnisaṃyogaṃ sa vane śūdratāpasaiḥ so v. a. wurde verbrannt [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 22, 19.] dārāgnihotrasaṃyogaṃ kurate yaḥ so v. a. wer ein Weib nimmt und das heilige Feuer pflegt [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 3, 171.] yadā hi prītisaṃyogaṃ tvayā samāgataḥ so v. a. in ein Freundschaftsverhältniss getreten [Rāmāyaṇa 7, 84, 15.] —

2) eheliche Verbindung, fleischliche Vermischung, Beischlaf: icchayānyonyasaṃyogaḥ kanyāyāśca varasya ca . gāndharvaḥ sa tu vijñeyo maithunyaḥ kāmasaṃbhavaḥ .. [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 3, 32.] striyāḥ puruṣasaṃyoge [Mahābhārata 13, 579.] strīpuṃsayoḥ [Suśruta 1, 320, 13.] [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 64, 7.] nareṇa saṃyogamupaiti kāminī [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka 4, 1]; vgl. gatvā maithunaṃ saṃyogam [Oxforder Handschriften 59,b,43.] —

3) Summe: māna [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 53, 15.] —

4) Consonantenverbindung, eine Gruppe von zwei oder mehr Consonanten [Prātiśākhya zum Ṛgveda 1, 4. 5. 7. 5, 11. 6, 1. 14, 10. 25. 17, 14. 18, 18. fg.] [Prātiśākhya zur Vājasaneyisaṃhitā 1, 48. 102. 4, 97. 105.] [Prātiśākha zum Atharvaveda 1, 51. 56. 98. 104. 3, 28. 57.] [Taittirīyasaṃhitā] [Prātiśākhya 21, 4. 15] (rephoṣma). [22, 14. fg.] [Śāntanācārya’s Phiṭsūtrāṇi 2, 25.] [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 1, 1, 7. 4, 11. 8, 2, 23.] [Weber’s Indische Studien 8, 211. 225. fg.] [WEBER, PRATIJÑĀS. 108.] —

5) Bez. eines best. Bündnisses [KĀM. NĪTIS. 9, 2.] ekārthaṃ samyaguddiśya kriyāṃ yatrābhigacchataḥ . sa saṃhitaprayāṇastu saṃdhiḥ saṃyoga ucyate .. [Spr. (II) 1407.] — Vgl. varṇa, vākya, viṣa, saṃyukta, svara, sāṃyogika .

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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