Ravana, Rāvaṇa, Ravaṇa, Ravāṇā, Ravāṉā: 38 definitions

Introduction:

Ravana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi, Tamil. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Ravana has 36 English definitions available.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[Deutsch Wörterbuch]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Ravaṇa (रवण):—(von ru) [Uṇādisūtra 2, 74.]

1) adj. nom. ag. [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 3, 2, 148,] [Scholiast] brüllend, schreiend, singend u.s.w.; = śabdana [Amarakoṣa 3, 1, 38.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 348.] [Śabdaratnāvalī im Śabdakalpadruma] krauñcānāṃ kulāni [Bhaṭṭikavya 7, 14.] = tīkṣṇa, bhaṇḍaka (jesting, a jester [WILSON]), cañcala [Śabdaratnāvalī a. a. O.] —

2) m. a) Kameel [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1254.] [Halāyudha 2, 125.] [Śiśupālavadha 12, 9.] — b) der indische Kuckuck [UJJVAL.] zu [Uṇādisūtra]; hier könnte ravaṇa aber auch als adj. zu kokila gefasst werden. — c) Nomen proprium eines Mannes gaṇa śivādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 1, 112.] eines Nāgarāja [Vyutpatti oder Mahāvyutpatti 85]; vgl. rāvaṇa . —

3) n. Messing [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1049.]

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Rāvaṇa (रावण):—

1) adj. (vom caus. von ru) schreien —, wehklagen machend: sarvalokānām [Rāmāyaṇa 3, 36, 25.] loka [Mahābhārata 3, 11212.] [Harivaṃśa 14518.] [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 14, 37 (19 Gorresio).] [Rāmāyaṇa Gorresio 1, 23, 19. 3, 36. 3. 6, 22, 7. 7, 16, 38.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 9, 10, 26.] śatru [KĀM. NĪTIS. 11, 18.] trailokya [Harivaṃśa 2338] (die ältere Ausg. trailokyadrāvaṇa). [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 9, 10, 15.] Ueberall zur Erklärung des Eigennamens rāvaṇa gebraucht. —

2) m. a) oxyt. patron. von ravaṇa gaṇa śivādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 1, 112.] — b) Nomen proprium des zehnköpfigen Fürsten der Rākṣasa, jüngeren Bruders des Kubera und Beherrschers von Laṅkā, der von Rāma besiegt wird, [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 2, 8, 5.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 706.] [Mahābhārata 3, 15881. fgg.] rāvayāmāsa lokānyasmāttasmādrāvaṇa ucyate (vgl. u. 1.) [15928.] [Harivaṃśa 2337. fgg. 5871. 7373. 8694. 8696] (an den beiden letzten Stellen liest die ed. Calc. fälschlich vāraṇa). [10409.] [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 1, 47. fg. 71. 79. 14, 13. fgg. 22, 17. 3, 23, 38. 6, 95, 3.] [Raghuvaṃśa 12, 52.] [Burnouf 514.] [Rājataraṅgiṇī 3, 446. fg.] [Viṣṇupurāṇa 385. 417.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 4, 1, 37. 7, 1, 43.] [Spr. 54.] śuṣkasnāyusvarāhlādāttryakṣaṃ jagrāha rāvaṇaḥ [1534.] rāmapatnīṃ vanasthāṃ yaḥ svanivṛttyarthamādade . sa rāvaṇa iti khyāto yadvā rāvācca rāvaṇaḥ .. [WEBER, Rāmatāpanīya Upaniṣad 297.] gräbt die Worte Pāṇini’s, Kātyāyana’s und Patañjali’s in Stein [Weber’s Indische Studien 5, 161.] Verfasser eines Commentars zum Sāmaveda [10, 176.] zum Ṛgveda [HALL 119.] Verfasser der Arkacikitsā [Weber’s Verzeichniss No. 943.] — c) Nomen proprium eines Fürsten von Kāśmīra (neben Indrajit und Vibhīṣaṇa) [Rājataraṅgiṇī 1, 193. fg. 196]; vgl. [Lassen’s Indische Alterthumskunde I, 475, Nalopākhyāna 4.] —

3) n. Bez. eines Muhūrta (neben vibhīṣaṇa) [Weber’s Verzeichniss No. 912.]

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Rāvaṇa (रावण):—

2) b) Verfasser eines Kumāratantra [CAKRADATTA 472.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Ravaṇa (रवण):——

1) Adj. — a) brüllend , schreiend , singend u.s.w. [Bhaṭṭikāvya] — b) * = tīkṣṇa. — c) * = cañcala. —

2) *m. — a) Kamel [Rājan 19,21.] — b) der indische Kuckuck. — c) Bachstelze ( bhaṇḍaka). — d) Nomen proprium — α) eines Schlangendämons. — β) eines Mannes. —

3) *n. Messing.

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Rāvaṇa (रावण):——

1) Adj. schreien — , wehklagen machend [Harivaṃśa 1,41,138.] Nur zur Erklärung des Namens des gleichnamigen Rākṣasa gebraucht. —

2) m. Nomen proprium — a) des zehnköpfigen Fürsten den Rākṣasa , jüngern Bruders des Kubera und Beherrschers von Laṅkā , der von Rāma besiegt wird. — b) eines Fürsten von Kāśmīra. —

3) n. ein best. Muhūrta.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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