Purushartha, Puruṣārtha, Purusha-artha: 24 definitions


Purushartha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Purushartha has 22 English definitions available.

The Sanskrit term Puruṣārtha can be transliterated into English as Purusartha or Purushartha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Purusharth.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Purushartha in Sanskrit glossary

[Deutsch Wörterbuch]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Puruṣārtha (पुरुषार्थ):—(pu + artha) m.

1) die Angelegenheit —, das Ziel des Menschen, der Seele [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 7, 100.] [Prabodhacandrodaja 27, 19.] dharmārthakāmamokṣāśca puruṣārthā udāhṛtāḥ [AGNI-Pāṇini’s acht Bücher im Śabdakalpadruma] [KAPILA 1, 1.] [SĀṂKHYAK. 31. 42. 69.] [Madhusūdanasarasvatī’s Prasthānabheda] in [Weber’s Indische Studien 1, 13. 15. 19. 23.] Davon nom. abstr. tva n. [Kapila 1, 3.] apuruṣārthatva [47. 83.] puruṣārtham der Seele wegen [3, 16.] —

2) des Menschen Sache so v. a. des Menschen That, menschliches Bemühen: daivaṃ puruṣakāreṇa ko vañcayitumarhati . daivameva paraṃ manye puruṣārtho nirarthakaḥ .. [Mahābhārata 3, 12422.] [Rāmāyaṇa 5, 2, 35.] [Spr. 624. 2567.]

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Puruṣārtha (पुरुषार्थ):—[2]) [Spr. 4753.]

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Puruṣārtha (पुरुषार्थ):—

1) [Hemacandra] [Yogaśāstra 4, 57.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Puruṣārtha (पुरुषार्थ):——

1) m. — a) die Angelegenheit — , das Ziel des Menschen , — der Seele. Nom.abstr. tva n. — b) des Menschen Sache , so v.a. des Menschen That , menschliches Bemühen [Mahābhārata 3,79,12.] —

2) m Adv. der Seele wegen.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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