Pratihara, Pratīhāra, Pratihārā, Prātihāra: 18 definitions

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Pratihara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Pratihara has 16 English definitions available.

Alternative spellings of this word include Pratihar.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pratihara in Sanskrit glossary

[Deutsch Wörterbuch]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Pratihāra (प्रतिहार):—(von har mit prati) m.

1) das Anschlagen, Hartaufstossen (der Zunge): pratihāraścaturthe varge [Prātiśākhya zum Ṛgveda 14, 7.] —

2) das Zurückstossen: a [Pañcaviṃśabrāhmaṇa 24, 1, 12.] —

3) in der Sāman Litanei heissen so gewisse Silben, mit welchen der Pratihartar in den Gesang einfällt, gewöhnlich am Anfang des letzten Pada eines Verses. [Aitareyabrāhmaṇa 3, 23.] [Aśvalāyana’s Śrautasūtrāni 5, 10.] [LĀṬY. 6, 10, 22—29. 11, 1—3. 12, 1. fgg.] [Chāndogyopaniṣad 1, 10, 11.] prastāvodgīthapratihāropadravanidhanāni bhaktayaḥ [MÜLLER, SL. 210.] [Chāndogyopaniṣad 2, 2, 1.] [Weber’s Indische Studien 1, 56. 470.] velā [LĀṬY. 3, 8, 2. 2, 10, 23.] vant [6, 1, 17.] dvi [12, 1. 7, 4, 1.] pratī [Atharvavedasaṃhitā 11, 7, 12.] [Śāṅkhāyana’s Brāhmaṇa 17, 6.] —

4) Bez. eines best. Zauberspruchs [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 30, 4.] —

5) Thor (abhaltend) [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1004, v. l.] [Halāyudha 5, 2.] [Śabdaratnāvalī im Śabdakalpadruma] pa Thorhüter [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 3, 15, 31.] rakṣī Thorwächterin [Raghuvaṃśa 6, 20.] niyuktā pratihārabhūmau 31. samāsasāda pratihārabhūmim [Kumārasaṃbhava 3, 58.] pratīhāra [Amarakoṣa 2, 2, 15. 3, 4, 25, 172.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1004.] [Anekārthasaṃgraha 4, 264.] [Medinīkoṣa r. 281.] —

6) Thorsteher, Thürhüter (Abwehrer) [Śabdaratnāvalī im Śabdakalpadruma] [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 73, 13 (75, 14 Gorresio).] [Rāmāyaṇa Gorresio 2, 33, 28.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 43, 265.] Inschr. bei [Colebrooke II, 292.] pratī [Amarakoṣa 2, 8, 1, 6. 3, 4, 25, 172.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 721.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] [Halāyudha 2, 269.] [Spr. 414. 2607.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 4, 25, 21.] [Geschichte des Vidūṣaka 8. 126.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 27, 160. 35, 79.] [Rāmāyaṇa] [Gorresio VII, S. 341] (wo pratīhāra zu lesen ist). devarāja [Harivaṃśa 9260.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 186.] [Weber’s Indische Studien 3, 484.] [Hitopadeśa 89, 2.] [Vetālapañcaviṃśati 28, 10. 11.] mahā [Rājataraṅgiṇī 4, 142. 484] (wo mit der ed. Calc. mahā st. mahī zu lesen ist). pratīhārī Thorsteherin [Amarakoṣa 3, 4, 25, 172.] [Medinīkoṣa] [Śākuntala 61, 16. 90, 9.] [Mālavikāgnimitra 43, 1. 58, 20.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 1, 53. 7, 107. 26, 46.38, 139. 50, 124.] —

7) der du. pratīhārau zwei Thürsteher scheint zwei Statuen am Eingange eines Tempels zu bezeichnen [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 55, 14.] = nandivandikau nach dem [Scholiast] —

8) Gaukler [Bharata] zu [Amarakoṣa 2, 10, 11]; vgl. prātihāra, prātihāraka, prātihārika . Nach [RĀMĀŚRAMA] zu [Amarakoṣa] auch Gaukelei [Wilson’s Wörterbuch] —

9) Nomen proprium eines Fürsten, eines Sohnes des Parameṣṭhin, [Viṣṇupurāṇa 164.] pratīha [Bhāgavatapurāṇa] —

10) pratīhāra Bez. eines best. Bündnisses [Hārāvalī 16]; falsche Form für pratīkāra. pratihāram absol. s. u. har mit prati .

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Pratīhāra (प्रतीहार):—s. u. pratihāra .

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Prātihāra (प्रातिहार):—(von pratihāra) m. Taschenspieler, Gaukler [Bharata] zu [Amarakoṣa 2, 10, 11.] [Śabdakalpadruma]

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Pratihāra (प्रतिहार):—

9) pratī Nomen proprium eines fürstlichen Geschlechts [Oxforder Handschriften 352,b,4.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Pratihāra (प्रतिहार):——

1) m. — a) das Anschlagen , Hartaufstossen (der Zunge). — b) das Zufallen in 1. apratihāra. — c) in der Sāman-Litanei gewisse Silben , mit welchen der Pratihartar in den Gesang einfällt , gewöhnlich am Anfange des letzten Pada eines Verses. — d) ein best. über Waffen gesprochener Zauberspruch. v.l. tara. — e) Thor. — f) Thorsteher , Thürhüter. — g) *Gaukler. — h) *Gaukelei. — i) Nomen proprium eines Fürsten. —

2) f. ī Thor- , Thürstehern [Priyadarśikā 7,15] ; vgl. [11,1.] Vgl. pratīhāra.

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Pratīhāra (प्रतीहार):——

1) m. — a) = pratihāra 1)c) ([Atharvaveda 11,7,12]) — b) = pratihāra 1)*e) — c) = pratihāra 1)f) (Statue eines Thorhüters [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhatsaṃhitā 56,11]). — d) *ein best. Bündniss ; richtig pratīkāra. — e) *Nomen proprium eines fürstlichen Geschlechts. —

2) f. ī Thorsteherin [Bālarāmāyaṇa 63,14.fgg.183,22.]

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Prātihāra (प्रातिहार):—und ka m. Taschenspieler , Gaukler.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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