Pradhana, Pradhāna: 29 definitions

Introduction:

Pradhana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Pradhana has 27 English definitions available.

Alternative spellings of this word include Pradhan.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[Deutsch Wörterbuch]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Pradhana (प्रधन):—

1) n. a) parox. so v. a. dhana Kampfpreis; Wettkampf, Kampf überh. [das 2, 17.] [Yāska’s Nirukta 9, 23.] [Amarakoṣa 2, 8, 2, 72.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 797.] [Anekārthasaṃgraha 3, 387] (wo fälschlich pradhānaṃ gedruckt ist). [Medinīkoṣa Nalopākhyāna 83.] [Halāyudha 2, 298.] tadrāsabho nāsatyā sa.asramā.ā ya.asya pra.hane jigāya [Ṛgveda 1, 116, 2. 10, 102, 5.] ye yudhyante pra.haneṣu.śūrāsaḥ [154, 3.] pra.hanasya sā.au [1, 169, 2.] sa.asrapradhanā.vājāḥ [7, 4.] [Raghuvaṃśa 11, 77.] [Meghadūta 49.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 4, 11, 4. 9, 5, 8.] taistasya cābhūtpradhanaṃ tumulam [6, 17.] Vgl. mānupa, sahasra . — b) n. = dāraṇa das Berstenmachen, Zerreissen u. s. w. [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] —

2) m. Nomen proprium eines Mannes [Brahmapurāṇa] in [Oxforder Handschriften 18,b,12.] pl. seine Nachkommen [19,a,31.]

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Pradhāna (प्रधान):—(von 1. dhā mit pra)

1) n. Hauptsache, Hauptgegenstand; Grundbestand; das Wichtigere, Wichtigste, das Haupt [Amarakoṣa 3, 2, 6. 3, 4, 23, 146.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1438.] [Anekārthasaṃgraha 3, 388.] [Medinīkoṣa Nalopākhyāna 85.] [Halāyudha 4, 5. 5, 35. 69. 84. 95.] aṅgapradhānabheda [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 1, 2, 18. 4, 17. 7, 15. 20. 28. 4, 7, 25. 25, 5, 15.] [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 9, 121.] [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 1, 2, 56.] tasmātsanto dharmamāhuḥ pradhānam [Sāvitryupākhyāna 5, 24.] [Spr. 2993.] [Suśruta 1, 127, 4. 129, 20.] sa yuṣmākaṃ pradhānaṃ syāt er sei unser Haupt [Geschichte des Vidūṣaka 72.] karman Haupthandlung [Suśruta 1, 14, 17.] [Madhusūdanasarasvatī’s Prasthānabheda] in [Weber’s Indische Studien 1, 14, 21.] kārya [22, 13.] vidhi [Mahābhārata 13, 3410.] sevā Hauptdienst [Pañcatantra ed. orn. 6, 12.] vṛṣṭi Hauptregen, der meiste Regen [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 94, 3.] vāsasī die Haupt-, besten Kleider [Mṛcchakaṭikā 88, 8.] puruṣa Hauptperson, die vornehmste Person [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 7, 203.] [Mālavikāgnimitra 11, 19.] Beiw. Śiva’s [Mahābhārata 13, 939.] mitra Hauptfreund [Rāmāyaṇa 2, 107, 19.] pradhānāpsarasaḥ [3, 15, 14.] mantrin [Rāmāyaṇa Gorresio 2, 115, 19.] [Hitopadeśa 49, 18. 112, 19.] [Vetālapañcaviṃśati] in [Lassen’s Anthologie 35, 6.] kṣapaṇaka [Pañcatantra 236, 15.] [Daśakumāracarita] in [Benfey’ Chrestomathie aus Sanskritwerken 191, 14.] pradhānādhyakṣatā das Amt eines Oberaufsehers [Kathāsaritsāgara 34, 67.] Häufig am Ende eines adj. comp. (f. ā): (ṛk) indrapradhānā wo Indra die Hauptsache, die Hauptperson ist [Yāska’s Nirukta 10, 3, 4, 27.] tatpradhānā hi yajñasaṃyogena bhavanti [10, 21.] [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 3, 18. 139.] guṇaiśca taistairvinayapradhānaiḥ [Raghuvaṃśa 6, 79.] prayogapradhānaṃ hi nāṭyaśāstram [Mālavikāgnimitra 13, 22.] yatpradhāno yamārambhaḥ [Kathāsaritsāgara 39, 14.] [Amarakoṣa 3, 6, 8, 42.] [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 1, 2, 47,] [Scholiast] [Vedānta lecture No. 25. 31. 41.] mahāmoha (kula) [Prabodhacandrodaja 9, 14.] [Halāyudha 5, 8.] dharma dem das Recht über Alles geht, dem Recht ganz ergeben [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 4, 243.] [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 2, 68.] [Mahābhārata 3, 11893.] [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 22, 10.] vādayuddha [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 12, 46.] mṛgayā [Mahābhārata 3, 12355.] bala [5, 32.] [Rāmāyaṇa Gorresio 2, 79, 39. 112, 31.] strī 7. nigama [Mahābhārata 5, 32.] dānaguṇa [Rāmāyaṇa 2, 109, 35.] śama [Śākuntala 40.] gīyamānamaṅgalagīta [Pañcatantra 158, 3.] bhagavat [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 3, 8, 1.] yathāpradhānam adv. je nach der Wichtigkeit, dem Vorrang [Śāṅkhāyana’s Gṛhyasūtrāṇi 6, 3.] [Kumārasaṃbhava 7, 46.] Häufig auch als adj. (f. ā) gebraucht: der vorzüglichste, beste, obenan stehend: ye ye lokāḥ pārthivendra pradhānāstvayā bhuktāḥ [Mahābhārata 1, 3590.] teṣāṃ dhṛtarāṣṭrasya putrāṇāṃ catvāraḥ pradhānā babhūvuḥ [3810.] sa bhavāṃkṛtabuddhīnāṃ pradhāna iti me matiḥ [5, 111. 695. 1085. 6, 87. 4082.] [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 16, 27. 2, 1, 30.] [Rāmāyaṇa Gorresio 2, 12, 1. 82, 11.] na tatra kācitpramadā pradhānā rūpeṇa vīryeṇa ca yā na labdhā ausgezeichnet durch [5, 13, 68. 89, 6. 6, 2, 12.] [KĀM. NĪTIS. 8, 39.] [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 81. 12. 104, 11. 128, 28. 38. 132, 48.] apradhānaḥ pradhānaḥ syātsevate yadi pārthivaḥ [Spr. 172. 2420.] [Vāyupurāṇa] in [Oxforder Handschriften 55,a,11.] [BRAHMAVAIV.] [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher ebend. 25,b, Nalopākhyāna 5.] [] zu [Bṛhadāranyakopaniṣad S. 98.] [VĀMANA-Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 12] und [PK.4,124] bei [AUFR.] [Halāyudha] Ind. amānuṣebhyo mānuṣāśca pradhānā vidvāṃstathaivāviduṣaḥ pradhānaḥ vorzüglicher, besser [Mahābhārata 1, 3556.] anyasya pradhānasya kasyacit irgend einem andern Vorzüglichern [Pañcatantra 190, 8.] pradhānaṃ kṣatriye karma die Hauptbeschäftigung [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 1, 119.] puraṃ pradhānam Hauptstadt [Spr. 2051. 1369.] [Rāmāyaṇa 6, 4, 53.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 38, 21.] [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 45, 32. 36.] [Prabodhacandrodaja 73, 5.] [Spr. 1369.] Gegens. kutsita [Pañcatantra 156, 15.] saṃvardhanaṃ pradhānānāṃ nirasyānāṃ ca nirhṛtiḥ [KĀM. NĪTIS. 13, 55.] apradhānaḥ [Spr. 163. 172.] [Pañcatantra 11, 17.] [Hitopadeśa 51, 22.] bharatapradhānān die Vornehmsten unter [Mahābhārata 3, 10245.] avanipradhāna der beste auf der Erde [10246. 5, 7482.] [Harivaṃśa 8402.] jagatpradhāna [?8410. Rāmāyaṇa 2, 82, 30 (89, 12 Gorresio). 104, 27. Rāmāyaṇa Gorresio 2, 89, 13.] mantri der erste Minister [Kathāsaritsāgara 42, 84.] sārtha [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 85, 11.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 3, 7, 42.] [Pañcatantra 158, 21.] compar. pradhānatara vorzüglicher, besser [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 134, 29.] superl. pradhānatama der vorzüglichste, vornehmste, wichtigste [Mahābhārata 13, 2509.] hastameva pradhānatamaṃ yantrāṇāmavagaccha [Suśruta 1, 23, 13. 160, 8.] —

2) n. die Urmaterie, die Natur [Amarakoṣa 1, 1, 4, 7.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] [Halāyudha 5, 16.] [Kapila 1, 58. 2, 1. 3, 58. 63. 73.] [SĀṂKHYAK. 11. 21. 37. 57. 68.] [Sânkhya Philosophy 4, 5. 36.] [ŚVETĀŚV. Upakośā 1, 10. 6, 10. 16.] [Mahābhārata 13, 1009. 14, 522.] [Harivaṃśa 11297.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 1, 7.] [Viṣṇupurāṇa 9. fgg. 636.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 3, 24, 33.] [Prabodhacandrodaja 111, 17.] [Madhusūdanasarasvatī’s Prasthānabheda] in [Weber’s Indische Studien 1, 22, 13. 23, 17.] [Colebrooke I, 338. 409. 411.] [Burnouf 572.] —

3) n. der höchste Geist, die Weltseele (paramātman) [Amarakoṣa 3, 4, 18, 125.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] —

4) n. der Verstand (dhī, vuddhi, prajñā) diess. —

5) n. die oberste Person im Staate nach dem Fürsten, Minister [Amarakoṣa 2, 8, 1, 5.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 720.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] [Halāyudha 2, 272.] Nach [VOPĀLITA] bei [Bharata] zu [Amarakoṣa] auch masc. [Śabdakalpadruma] —

6) m. Nomen proprium eines alten Fürsten [Mahābhārata 12, 12034.] — Vgl. niṣpradhāna, prādhānika, prādhānya .

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Pradhāna (प्रधान):—

1) [Z. 10] puruṣa [SARVADARŚANAS. 70, 4.] —

2) die Natur im chaotischen Zustande, die nicht zur Entwickelung gelangte Natur [SARVADARŚANAS. 147, 15.] jaya [179, 3. 6.]

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Pradhana (प्रधन):—

1) a) streiche am Ende sahasra .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Pradhana (प्रधन):——

1) n. (adj. Comp. f. ā) — a) Kampfpreis. — b) Wettkampf , Kampf überh. [Vikramāṅkadevacarita 6,30.] — c) die beste Habe , Kostbarkeiten u. dgl. [Nārada 1,3,21.2,2,9.] — d) *das Berstenmachen , Zerreissen u.s.w. —

2) m. Nomen proprium eines Mannes ; Pl. sein Geschlecht.

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Pradhāna (प्रधान):——

1) n. — a) Hauptsache , Hauptgegenstand , Hauptperson , Grundbestand , das Beste , Wichtigere , Wichtigste , Haupt. Am Anfange eines Comp. so v.a. Haupt- ; am Ende eines adj. Comp. f. ā. — b) die Natur in chaotischen Zustande , die nicht zur Entwickelung gelangte Natur. — c) der höchste Geist , die Weltseele. — d) der Verstand. — e) *die oberste Person im Staate nach dem Fürsten. Angeblich auch m.

2) Adj. (f. ā) der vorzüglichste , beste , obenanstehend , Haupt- ([Carakasaṃhitā 6,13]) , vor Andern ausgezeichnet durch (Instr.) , vorzüglicher , besser , — als (Abl.) Compar. tara vorzüglicher , besser ; Superl. tama der vorzüglichste , vornehmste , wichtigste.

3) m. Nomen proprium eines Rājarṣi.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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