Pracya, Prācyā, Prācya: 21 definitions

Introduction:

Pracya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Pracya has 19 English definitions available.

Alternative spellings of this word include Prachya.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[Deutsch Wörterbuch]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Prācya (प्राच्य):—(von prāñc) perisp. [Atharvavedasaṃhitā] oxyt. [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa] parox. [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 2, 101] (vgl. [6, 1, 213]). Schol. zu [6, 2, 10. 12.]

1) adj. a) vorn —, im Osten befindlich, gelegen, wohnend: laghavaḥ pañca prācyāḥ die fünf vorangehenden [Śrutabodha 39. 40] [?(BR.). Scholiast zu Prātiśākhya zum Ṛgveda 10, 11 (Sūtra 19). Atharvavedasaṃhitā 4, 7, 2.] śarāvatyāstu yo vadheḥ .. deśaḥ prāgdakṣiṇaḥ prācyaḥ [Amarakoṣa 2, 1, 6. 7.] deśaḥ prāgdakṣiṇaḥ prācyo nadīṃ yāvaccharāvatīm [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 952.] deśāḥ [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 57,42.] [Vāyupurāṇa] in [Oxforder Handschriften 55,a,10. 12.] nṛpatayaḥ, nṛpāḥ, rājānaḥ u. s. w. [Mahābhārata 1, 4690. 3, 10253. 14774. 5, 890.] [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 12, 25.] prācyāvantya neben aparāvantya [Suśruta 1, 172, 8.] prācyapāñcālīṣu [Weber’s Indische Studien 4, 375,] [Nalopākhyāna 8, 92,] [Nalopākhyāna 1.] kaṭhāḥ [Weber’s Indische Studien 1, 68,] [Nalopākhyāna 3, 257.] m. pl. die Bewohner des Ostens, Ostland [Aitareyabrāhmaṇa 8, 14.] śarva iti yathā prācyā ācakṣate [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 1, 7, 3, 8. 13, 8, 1, 5. 2, 1.] prācyeṣu hastinaḥ (dadyāt) [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 22, 2, 24.] prācyaratho nāstīrṇo vipathaḥ [LĀṬY. 8, 6, 9.] [Mahābhārata 8, 2098] [?(Viṣṇupurāṇa 192). Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 2, 4, 66. 4, 1, 178. Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 5, 69. 94, 1. 27. Scholiast zu Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 87. 961.] prācyā bhāṣā die im Osten gesprochene Sprache [Sāhityadarpana 173,4.] [Oxforder Handschriften 181,a,23.] [STENZLER] in der Einl. zu [Mṛcchakaṭikā V.] — b) vorangehend, der frühere, ehemalig, alt (Gegens. ādhunika) [Sāhityadarpana 223, 3.] —

2) Bez. bestimmter zum Sāmaveda gehöriger Gesänge: caturviṃśatidhā tena (kṛtena) saprācyāḥ sāmasaṃhitāḥ .. smṛtāste prācyasāmānaḥ kartayo (lies kārtayo) nāma sāmagāḥ . [Harivaṃśa 1081.] kṛtī hiraṇyanābhādyo yogaṃ prāpya jagau sma ṣaṭ .. saṃhitāḥ prācyasāmnāṃ vai [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 9, 21, 28. fg.] —

3) m. Nomen proprium eines Mannes [WASSILJEW 225.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Prācya (प्राच्य):—und prācya (f. ā) —

1) Adj. — a) vorn befindlich , vorangehend (in einem Werke). — b) im Osten befindlich , — gelegen , — wohnend , — herrschend , — gesprochen (Sprache). — c) vorangehend der frühere , ehemalig , alt [Bālarāmāyaṇa 1,18.102,20.] —

2) m. — a) Pl. — α) die Bewohner des Ostens , Ostland. — β) die Alten , veteres [Indische sprüche 7665.] — b) *Nomen proprium eines Mannes. — Statt saprācyāḥ [Harivaṃśa 1081.wird.1,20,45.] proktāstāḥ gelesen.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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