Naraka, Nāraka, Narakesari: 29 definitions

Introduction:

Naraka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Naraka has 27 English definitions available.

Alternative spellings of this word include Narak.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[Deutsch Wörterbuch]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Naraka (नरक):—[UJJVAL.] zu [Uṇādisūtra 5, 35.]

1) m. Unterwelt, Hölle [Amarakoṣa 1, 2, 2, 1.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 3, 28.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1359.] [Anekārthasaṃgraha 3, 55.] [Medinīkoṣa k. 108.] nejjihmāyantyo narakaṃ patāma [Yāska’s Nirukta 1, 11.] dakṣiṇāpūrvasyāṃ diśi visarpī narakaḥ [Taittirīyāraṇyaka 1, 19, 1.] narakaṃ pratipadyate [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 2, 116. 11, 206.] narakaṃ yānti [3, 172. 249. 4, 87.] narakaṃ gacchataḥ [235. 8, 128. 313.] arvāṅnarakamabhyeti 75. narakaṃ vrajet [94. 307.] narake hi patantyete [11, 37.] narake vaset 207. ghorānnarakānprāpya [12, 54.] narakeṣu vivartanam 75. kṛcchre sa narake majjet [Nalopākhyāna 6, 12.] [Mahābhārata 5, 1589. 14, 2736.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 2, 13.] [Pañcatantra 108, 21.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 2, 7, 22. 6, 17, 20.] [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 15, 80. 18, 7.] neutr. [25, 17.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 4, 29, 15.] [UJJVAL. a. a. O.] Verschiedene Höllen (21 die gewöhnliche Zahl) aufgeführt [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 4, 87. fgg.] [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 3, 221. fgg.] [Viṣṇupurāṇa 48. 207. fgg.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 5, 26, 4. fgg.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1359. fgg.] Hieher gehört wohl auch dhūrtā narakarūpiṇaḥ [Mahābhārata 12, 6518.] Vgl. nāraka . —

2) n. die personificirte Hölle ist ein Sohn des Anṛta von der Nirṛti (Nikṛti) [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 50, 29.] [Viṣṇupurāṇa 56.] —

3) m. Nomen proprium eines Dämons, eines Sohnes der Erde (daher bhauma genannt), der in Prāgjyotiṣa hauste und hier von Kṛṣṇa erschlagen wurde, [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 221.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] [Mahābhārata 1, 2537. 2, 364. 3, 477. 488. 10914. 5, 1887. 12, 8261. 12956.] [Arjunasamāgama 5, 20.] [Harivaṃśa 216. 2287. 2362. 3117. 3134. 6791. fgg. 9126. 9132. 9160. 9790. 12695. 12848.] [Rāmāyaṇa 3, 20, 17.] [Viṣṇupurāṇa 148. 581. fgg.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 8, 10, 32.] [Rājataraṅgiṇī 2, 150.] —

4) m. Nomen proprium eines Mannes: paphakanarakāḥ gaṇa tikakitavādi zu. [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 2, 4, 68.] —

5) Nomen proprium eines Landstrichs: muruṃ ca narakaṃ caiva śāsti yo yavanādhipaḥ . bhagadattaḥ [Mahābhārata 2, 578.] ein Wallfahrtsort: tato gaccheta narakaṃ tīrthasevī [3, 7029.] —

6) m. = devarātriprabheda (!) [Uṇādikoṣa im Śabdakalpadruma] —

7) f. narikā [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 7, 3, 44, Vārttika von Kātyāyana. 1.] = narāṃkāyati Schol.

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Nāraka (नारक):—(von naraka)

1) adj. proparox. f. ī zur Hölle in Beziehung stehend, in der Hölle erfolgend, in der Hölle befindlich, höllisch: loka die Hölle (vgl. svargo lokaḥ) [Atharvavedasaṃhitā 12, 4, 36], wo die Länge des Vocals in [Prātiśākhya 3, 21] als bedeutungslose Dehnung angesehen wird; vgl. 2. yātanāḥ [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 3, 30, 30.] nirvṛti der in der Hölle erfolgende Tod 5. dehinām Höllenbewohner [4, 20, 23.] sattvāstu nārakāḥ . pretāḥ [Amarakoṣa 1, 2, 2, 2.] m. Höllenbewohner [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 23. 1358.] suranṛnārakāḥ [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 2, 10, 41.] divyamānuṣanārakagatayaḥ [5, 19, 19. 3, 14, 42.] [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 15, 73.] —

2) m. ( [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 5, 3]) oxyt. Unterwelt, Hölle, = naraka [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 6, 3, 137,] [Scholiast 6, 1, 7, Vārttika von Kātyāyana. 3,] [Scholiast] [Amarakoṣa 1, 2, 2, 1.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1359.] [Vājasaneyisaṃhitā 30, 5.]

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Naraka (नरक):—

1) ayaṃ bhaumo narakaḥ diese irdische Hölle, die Hölle auf Erden [Mahābhārata 1, 3603. 3606.] neutr. [Spr. 4649.] —

5) [?Z. 3 Mahābhārata 3, 7039] (so ist zu lesen st. [7029]) hat die ed. Bomb. tato gacchedanarakaṃ (vgl. anarakeśvaratīrtha) tīrthasevī . — Vgl. mahā .

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Nāraka (नारक):—

1) jantavaḥ [Halāyudha 3, 3.] dūtāḥ [Kathāsaritsāgara 72, 360.] duḥkha [96, 20.] gati [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 11, 20, 13.] m. Herr der Unterwelt (Comm.) [Taittirīyabrāhmaṇa 3, 4, 1, 1.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Naraka (नरक):——

1) m. n. (seltener) Unterwelt , Hölle. ayaṃbhaumo narakaḥ die Hölle auf Erden. naraka [Nirukta] naraka [Taittirīyāraṇyaka] Die personificirte Hölle ist ein Kind des Anṛta. —

2) m. — a) * = devarātriprabheda. — b) Nomen proprium — α) eines Von Kṛṣṇa erschlagenen Dämons , eines Sohnes Viṣṇu’s und der Erde , [Bālarāmāyaṇa 64,11.] [Harṣacarita 187,8.] — β) eines Sohnes des Vipracitti [Wilson's Uebersetzung des Viṣṇupurāṇa ,21,11.] —

3) m. oder n. Nomen proprium eines Wallfahrtsortes (hier v.l. anaraka). —

4) *f. narikā = narāṃkāyati.

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Nāraka (नारक):—1. —

1) Adj. (f. ī) zur Hölle in Beziehung stehend , in der H. erfolgend , — befindlich , höllisch. loka m. die Hölle.

2) m. — a) Höllenbewohner. — b) der Herr der Unterwelt.

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Nāraka (नारक):—2. m. die Unterwelt , Hölle.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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