Mardana: 23 definitions

Introduction:

Mardana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Mardana has 21 English definitions available.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[Deutsch Wörterbuch]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Mardana (मर्दन):—(wie eben)

1) nom. ag. (f. ī) dass.: ditijasaṃghānām [Mahābhārata 13, 971.] ari [1, 2487. 3, 11944. 12039. 15679. 13, 796. 798. Nalopākhyāna 12, 77.] śatru [Kathāsaritsāgara 42, 125.] sarvakṣatriya [Mahābhārata 1, 5125.] kṣatriya [7, 3652. 5060.] amitrabala [Rāmāyaṇa 2, 93, 23 (102, 25 Gorresio).] devadānava [4, 61, 46.] daityadānava [Nalopākhyāna 4, 11.] vīra [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 8, 11, 10.] para [12.] kāliya [PAÑCAR. 3, 14, 35.] kula [Kathāsaritsāgara 70, 104.] rāhuṃ candrārkamardanam angreifend, plagend, quälend [Mahābhārata 1, 2539.] (graham) arkendumardanam [2676.] samiti im Kampfe die Feinde hart mitnehmend [9, 3063.] samara [13, 1195.] —

2) m. Nomen proprium eines Fürsten der Vidyādhara [Kathāsaritsāgara 48, 78.] —

3) n. das Zerdrücken, Zerreiben, Vernichten; Drücken, Reiben: = praiṣa [Amarakoṣa 3, 4, 29, 221.] kaṇṭakānām [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 3, 3, 116,] [Scholiast] durgakaṇṭakamardanaiḥ (so ist zu lesen) [Spr. 4463, v. l.] ikṣudaṇḍāstilāḥ śūdrāḥ kāntā kāñcanamedinī . candanaṃ tāmbūlaṃ mardanaṃ guṇavardhanam .. [VṚDDHA-Cāṇakya 9, 13.] khala = dhānyādimardanasthāna [Kullūka] zu [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 11, 17.] yavakhala = yavamardana [Scholiast] zu [Śāṅkhāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 14, 40, 15.] teṣām -āsīdveṇūnāmiva mardanam [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 3, 4, 2.] [Gītagovinda 2, 6.] ari [Kathāsaritsāgara 30, 87.] pararāṣṭrāṇām des Verwüsten [Mahābhārata 12, 2463.] hima das Vernichten —, Auflösen des Schnees [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 3, 26. 40.] in der Astr. Reibung so v. a. Kampf, Opposition (der Planeten) [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 5, 49. 16, 40. 17, 3.] das Reiben, Frottiren; Einreiben, Einsalben [Amarakoṣa.3,3,22.] [Spr. 775.] [Oxforder Handschriften 320,a,8.] keśa [217,a,14.] tailādinā śiraḥsahitadehamardanam [Kullūka] zu [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 2, 178.] abhyaṅga [Pañcatantra 238. 7.] tailakajjalamardanaiḥ [Kathāsaritsāgara 4, 57.] — Vgl. ari, ahimardanī, kāmamardana, kāsa, graha, pāṃsu, madhvamukha .

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Mardana (मर्दन):—vgl. keśa .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Mardana (मर्दन):——

1) Adj. (f. ī) zerdrückend , zerreibend , zermalmend , vernichtend , hart mitnehmend , angreifend , plagend , quälend ; mit Gen. oder am Ende eines Comp. samara und samita in Kampfe die Feinde hart mitnehmend.

2) m. Nomen proprium eines Fürsten der Vidyādhara. —

3) n. — a) das Zerdrücken , Zerreiben , Zermalmen , Verwüsten , Vernichten , Verschwindenmachen. — b) das Reiben , Frottiren. śālā f. [Indische studien von Weber 15,398.] — c) in der Astr. Reibung , so v.a. Kampf , Opposition (der Planeten). — d) das Einreiben , Einsalben , — mit (Instr.) — e) das Kämmen in keśa.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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