Mara, Māra: 31 definitions

Introduction:

Mara means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Mara has 29 English definitions available.

Alternative spellings of this word include Maar.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[Deutsch Wörterbuch]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Mara (मर):—(von 1. mar) m. v.l. für mada im gaṇa pacādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 3, 1, 134.] Tod; die Welt des Sterbens so v. a. die Erde [Aitareyopaniṣad 1, 2.] marāḥ [Harivaṃśa 8464] fehlerhaft fur narāḥ, wie die neuere Ausg. hat. — Vgl. a, durmara, nṛ .

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Māra (मार):—(von 1. mar)

1) adj. (f. ī) am Ende eines comp. tödtend, vernichtend.

2) m. a) Tod, Pestilenz [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha 2, 446.] [Medinīkoṣa r. 77.] kṣunmārakṛt [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 3, 31.] kṣunmārāvṛṣṭida [5, 23.] jana Pestilenz [Pariśiṣṭa des Atharvaveda 74, 84.] — b) Tödtung [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 372.] [Vopadeva’s Grammatik 18, 22.] jinasyeva māravidveṣiṇaḥ prabhoḥ [Rājataraṅgiṇī 3, 7.] a [57. 256.] aśeṣaprāṇināmāsīdamāro daśa vatsarān [5, 64. 119.] bastamāravipannā (vgl. paśumāra) gestorben wie ein Bock, den man abthut, d. i. plötzlichen oder krampfhaften Todes gestorben [Suśruta 1, 279,] [?8; vgl. 118, 16.] — c) Hinderniss [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 3, 367.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] [VĀSAVAD. 14.] — d) der Liebesgott, Geschlechtsliebe [Amarakoṣa 1, 1, 1, 20.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi] [?227.Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha Medinīkoṣa Halāyudha 1, 32. Harivaṃśa 14912. fgg. Kathāsaritsāgara 7, 62. 36, 88. 92. 66, 90. Gītagovinda 3, 14. VĀSAVAD. 14. NALOD. 1, 17. 3, 35.] śakti [PAÑCAR. 3, 15, 71.] māraḥ kāmādhipatiḥ [Rgva tch’er rol pa ed. Calc. 148, 15.] vallī [Kathāsaritsāgara 72, 286.] mārāṅka [Gītagovinda 12, 12.] Bei den Buddhisten ist Māra (auch pl.) der Versucher, der Teufel; er erhält das Beiwort pāpīyaṃs [Rgva tch’er rol pa ed. Calc. 327, 2. 375, 8. 10. 397, 8. 9] (mārapāpīyaṃs) . [?404, 5; Burnouf 76. fg. 133. 398. Lot. de Lassen’s Anthologie b. l. 8. 90. 385. Lebensbeschreibung Śākyamuni’s, Lebensb. 244. (14.) fg. 296 (66). Hiouen-Thsang 1, 374. 473. 2, 22. KÖPPEN 1, 74 u.s.w.] vadhūbhiḥ, vīraiḥ [Oxforder Handschriften 349,b, No. 821.] camū [Vyutpatti oder Mahāvyutpatti 171.] vier Arten desselben [VYĀḌI] zu [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 235.] — e) Stechapfel [Śabdacandrikā im Śabdakalpadruma] —

2) f. ī Pestilenz [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa 4te] [Rājataraṅgiṇī 117. 120.] janamārīmaya pestilenzartig d. h. Pestilenz bedeutend [Pariśiṣṭa des Atharvaveda 74, 98.] Personif. als Todesgöttin: he lokā iha yuṣmākamuparyadya patiṣyati . sarvasaṃhāriṇī mārī [Kathāsaritsāgara 12, 178. 183. fg.] mārī mama gṛhe bhāryā praviṣṭā [17, 90.] mit der Durgā identificirt [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 1, 1, 53.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 60.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] mārī triśūlena jaghāna cānyāṃkhaṭvāṅgapātairaparāṃśca kauśikī [VĀMANA-Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 52 im Śabdakalpadruma] — Vgl. agha, aja, aśva, ahi, kṣudhā, khaḍgi, tṛṣṇā, devaputra, dhundhu, nagha, paśu (paśumāreṇa auch [Mahābhārata 10, 531.] paśumāram auch [4, 775. 10, 337]), śiśu, bhūtamārī, bhṛṅga, bhramara, mahā .

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Māra (मार):—

3) (so ist [Sp. 737, Z. 10] st. 2 zu lesen) [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 10, 56, 11.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Mara (मर):—m.

1) das Sterben , Tod.

2) die Welt des Sterbens , die Erde.

3) Pl. Höllenbewohner [Āryabhaṭa 4,12.] — marāḥ [Harivaṃśa 8464] fehlerhaft für narāḥ.

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Māra (मार):——

1) Adj. am Ende eines Comp. tödtend , vernichtend.

2) m. — a) Tod , Pestilenz. — b) Tödtung. — c) Hinderniss. — d) der Liebesgott , die Geschlechtsliebe. — e) bei den Buddhisten der Versucher , Teufel (mit dem Beiw. pāpīyaṃs). Auch Pl. — f) *Stechapfel.

3) f. ī — a) Tödtung [Jayadeva's Prasannarāghava 59,17.] — b) Pestilenz. Personificirt als Todesgöttin. — c) Beiname der Durgā.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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