Madhyama, Mādhyama, Madhyamagamdhari: 29 definitions

Introduction:

Madhyama means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Madhyama has 27 English definitions available.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[Deutsch Wörterbuch]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Madhyama (मध्यम):—(von madhya)

1) adj. [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 3, 8.] [Vopadeva’s Grammatik 7, 111.] am Anf. eines comp. [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 2, 1, 58.] f. ā gaṇa ajādi zu [4, 1, 4.] a) medius (in der Bed. wie madhya 2, a.): madhyame gulme in der (die) Mitte des Soldatentrupps [Rāmāyaṇa 6, 9, 18. 12, 20.] ilāvṛta die Mitte von [II.] [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 60, 7.] kakṣyā [Mahābhārata 3, 2868.] rātri Mitternacht [Halāyudha 1, 109.] — b) der mittlere so v. a. in der Mitte befindlich [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 3, 301.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1460.] [Anekārthasaṃgraha 3, 470.] [Medinīkoṣa Manu’s Gesetzbuch 49.] [Halāyudha 4, 90.] uttama, avama, ma [Ṛgveda 1, 24, 15.] parama, ma, antama [27, 5. 108, 9. 10. 4, 25, 8. 5, 60, 6.] carama, ma [8, 50, 15.] bhrātar [1, 164, 1.] pūrvya, ma, nūtana [3, 32, 13. 6, 21, 5.] [Vājasaneyisaṃhitā 16, 32.] [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 4, 1, 22. 5, 10, 9. 17, 5, 2. 7, 6. 16, 7, 22.] [ĀŚV. GṚHY. 2, 8, 15. 3, 5, 20.] [Kauśika’s Sūtra zum Atuarvaveda 21. 48. 77.] madhyamenāṅguṣṭhaparvaṇā [Śāṅkhāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 14, 16, 3.] jyeṣṭha, ma, kaniṣṭha [72, 1. 15, 20, 7.] von Dingen des mittleren Weltgebietes, das zwischen Himmel und Erde liegt, [Ṛgveda 7, 32, 16. 8, 41, 2] (Comm.). imaṃ lokam, madhyamam, brahmalokam [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 2, 233.] pituḥ padaṃ madhyamam [Vikramorvaśī 19.] krāntaṃ yena (candreṇa) madhyamaṃ dhāma viṣṇoḥ ad [Śākuntala 78. -] [Yāska’s Nirukta 2, 8.] agni [7, 16.] dharma [23. 10, 2. 12, 26.] madhyamaiḥ sparśavargaiḥ [Prātiśākhya zum Ṛgveda 5, 21.] piṇḍa [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 3, 262.] putra [Kaṭhopaniṣad 1, 5.] [Weber’s Indische Studien 1, 391.] [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 61, 19. 20.] jyeṣṭhā, madhyamā, yavīyasī [Mahābhārata 5, 5952.] bhrātar [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 9, 112.] jyeṣṭha, anuja, madhyama, kanīyaṃs [Mahābhārata 1, 8450.] pāṇḍava [5, 2038.] pūrva, ma, uttara [Oxforder Handschriften 315,a, No. 748.] [Lassen’s Anthologie (II) 88,13.] prathama, ma, antya [Weber’s Verzeichniss 100, 14.] deśa (vgl. madhyadeśa) [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 18, 4.] zum Meridian gehörig [Sūryasiddhānta 13, 14.] zur Mitte einer Finsterniss in Beziehung stehend [6, 8.] — c) der mittlere so v. a. von mittlerer Beschaffenheit, Stärke, Grösse u.s.w.: sthaviṣṭha, ma, aṇiṣṭha [Chāndogyopaniṣad 6, 5, 1.] [Taittirīyasaṃhitā 2, 5, 5, 2.] [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 25, 4, 40.] vāc [Aitareyabrāhmaṇa 3, 24.] [Aśvalāyana’s Śrautasūtrāni 4, 8.] mandra, ma, tāra (uttama) und druta, ma, vilambita [Weber’s Indische Studien 4, 105. fgg.] [269. 8, 263.] [Prātiśākhya zum Ṛgveda 13, 17. 18.] [Aśvalāyana’s Śrautasūtrāni 5, 12.] [Śāṅkhāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 1, 4, 7. 14, 25.] [WEBER, Jyotiṣa 83.] adhamā, ma, agryā [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 12, 41.] uttama, ma, adhama [3.] [Spr. 1077. 2376.] uttama, ma, kanīyaṃs [Pañcatantra 16, 7.] mukhya (mahant), ma, jaghanya [Mahābhārata 2, 176. fg.] [Rāmāyaṇa] [Gorresio 2, 109, 20.] uttama, ma, jaghanya [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 12, 43. 46.] nīcāḥ, ma, uttamāḥ [Spr. 1979.] śreṣṭhā, ma, adhamā (nāyikā) Cit. beim [Scholiast] zu [Śākuntala 9, 6.] prathama, ma, uttama [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 8, 138.] mūḍhatamāḥ, buddheḥ paraṃ gatāḥ, madhyamo janaḥ [Spr. 4888.] satpuruṣāḥ, madhyamāḥ, mānuṣarākṣasāḥ [576, v. l.] sāhasa, daṇḍa, dama [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 8, 120. 263. 276. 9, 241. 284. 287.] [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 1, 365.] parimāṇa [Nīlakaṇṭha 120.] madhyamāyus [Suśruta 1, 124, 15.] niṣpāvā [2, 175, 14.] mṛdu, ma, khara [176, 12.] vīrya [295, 9.] [Śārṅgadhara SAṂH. 3, 1, 8. 4, 8. 9.] pūruṣa [Spr. 4391.] sukhaṃ ca duḥkhaṃ ca [4836.] dhana [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 9, 113.] java [Mahābhārata 7, 4890.] māna [WEBER, Jyotiṣa 98.] gati [Oxforder Handschriften 325,b. 326,a, No. 770.] [Amarakoṣa.3,4,24,150.] hāsa [1, 1, 7, 35.] śakti [Raghuvaṃśa 17, 58.] vṛṣṭi [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 8, 49.] [Sūryasiddhānta 1, 56.] [VARĀH.] [LAGHUJ. 2, 16] in [Weber’s Indische Studien 2, 286.] yauvanā [Scholiast] zu [Śiśupālavadha 8, 36.] kaiśikī, madhyamārabhaṭī [Oxforder Handschriften 208], a, 35. fg. [PRATĀPAR. 11,a,1. 2.] parā, paśyantī, ma, vaikharī (avasthā) [WEBER, Rāmatāpanīya Upaniṣad 335. fg.] [ALAṂKĀRAKAUSTUBHA im Śabdakalpadruma] — d) zwischen zwei feindlichen Parteien stehend, unbetheiligt, neutral: ma, vijigīṣu, udāsīna, śatru [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 7, 155.] [Mahābhārata 2, 159.] [Raghuvaṃśa 13, 7.] [KĀM. NĪTIS. 8, 18. 21. fg. 33. 55. 11, 19.] —

2) m. a) = madhyadeśa [Amarakoṣa 2, 1, 7.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 951.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] — b) Bez. der mittleren d. i. 4ten (5ten [Amarakoṣa]) Note [Amarakoṣa.1,1,7,1.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa.3,3,301.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1401.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] [Mahābhārata 12,6859. 14,1419.] [Weber’s Indische Studien.4,105. 139. fg. 351.8,259. fg. 269.] [Oxforder Handschriften 200,b,17.] [Asiatick Researches.3,68.9,456. fgg.] die mittlere der drei musikalischen Scalas: ṣaḍjamadhyamagāndhāragrāmatrayaviśāradāḥ [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 106, 58.] [Asiatick Researches 9, 459. fgg.] ein best. Rāga [Dharaṇīkoṣa im Śabdakalpadruma] — c) madhyama oder vollständig puruṣa die 2te Person [Yāska’s Nirukta 7, 2.] [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 1, 4, 101. 105.] — d) Gouverneur einer Provinz [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 690.] [Halāyudha 2, 267.] — e) eine Gazellenart [Dharaṇīkoṣa im Śabdakalpadruma] — f) N. des 18ten Kalpa (s. kalpa 2, d) [Oxforder Handschriften 52,a,2.] Nach der gleichnamigen Note (s. b.) benannt. —

3) m. n. die Mitte des Leibes, Taille [Amarakoṣa 2, 6, 2, 30.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 607.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] [Halāyudha 2, 362.] tanumadhyamā [Mahābhārata 3, 2777. 4, 255.] [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 9, 22.] cārumadhyamā [52.] sumadhyamā [Mahābhārata 1, 2081. 2099.] [Rāmāyaṇa 3, 52, 49.] [Śrutabodha 31.] [Brahmapurāṇa] in [Lassen’s Anthologie (II) 53, 10. 57, 18.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 59, 5.] —

4) f. ā a) der Mittelfinger [Amarakoṣa 2, 6, 2, 33.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 593.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] [Halāyudha 2, 383.] tri.ṛtpra.ananamu.astho.yonirmadhya.ā [Taittirīyabrāhmaṇa 3, 11, 9, 6.] [Kauśika’s Sūtra zum Atuarvaveda 36.] [Suśruta 1, 125, 13. 2, 55, 14.] — b) ein mannbares Frauenzimmer [Amarakoṣa 2, 6, 1, 8.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 511.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] — c) = karṇikā Samenkapsel der Lotusblüthe [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] a central blossom [WILSON.] — d) ein Metrum von 4 Mal drei Silben [Medinīkoṣa] —

5) n. a) Mitte: mithovagṛhyayormadhyamena zwischen [Prātiśākha zum Atharvaveda 4, 42.] — b) Name des [12ten] Kāṇḍa im Śatapathabrāhmaṇa [Akademische Vorlesungen 114. fg.] des [14ten] (in der Kāṇva-Schule) [Oxforder Handschriften 395,a, No. 116. fg.] — Vgl. a, yava, silika, madhya, mādhyama, mādhyamineya .

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Mādhyama (माध्यम):—(von madhyama) adj. zur Mitte in Beziehung stehend Kār. [?2 zu Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 3, 60. Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1460.] pl. so heissen die Ṛṣi derjenigen Theile der [Ṛgveda] Saṃhitā, welche die Mitte des Buchs (Maṇḍala [2—7]) bilden, [ĀŚV. GṚHY. 3, 4, 2.] [Śāṅkhāyana’s Brāhmaṇa 12, 3.] [GṚHY. 4, 10.] [Weber’s Indische Studien 1, 115. 389.] Name eines Geschlechts [Pravarādhyāya] in [Weber’s Verzeichniss 59, 28] (mādhyaya gedr.).

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Madhyama (मध्यम):—

2) g) pl. Bez. einer best. buddhistischen Secte, = mādhyamika [SARVADARŚANAS. 24, 12.]

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Madhyama (मध्यम):—

3) [Z. 4 lies 3, 2081 Stenzler 1, 2081.] —

4) a) [Taittirīyabrāhmaṇa 3, 11, 9, 6] bedeutet das Wort Uterus (Comm.), welche Bed. mit der Stelle als e) aufzuführen ist.

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Mādhyama (माध्यम):—, trayaḥ prācyāḥ . traya audīcyāḥ . trayo mādhyamāḥ die Mitte des Landes bewohnend [Patañjali] [?a. a. O.4,75,b.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Madhyama (मध्यम):——

1) Adj. (f. ā) — a) medius. madhyam gulme in der (die) Mitte des Soldatentrupps. — b) der mittlere , in der Mitte befindlich. — c) von mittlerer Beschaffenheit , Stärke , Grösse u.s.w. , mittelmässig. — d) zwischen zwei feindlichen Parteien stehend , unbetheiligt , neutral. Auch neben udāsīna. — e) = madhya

1) f) [Sūryasiddhānta 1] in der Unterschr. —

2) m. — a) das Mittelland , = madhyadeśa 4). — b) die 4te oder 5te Note. — c) die mittlere Scala. — d) *ein best. Rāga. — e) die zweite Person. — f) *Gouverneur einer Provinz. — g) *eine Gazellenart. — h) der 18te Kalpa 2)h). — i) Pl. — α) eines best. Götterklasse [Śāṅkhāyana’s Śrautasūtra (Weber) 14,72,1.] — β) eine best. buddhistische Secte.

3) m. n. die Mitte des Leibes , Taille. Am Ende eines adj. Comp. f. ā. —

4) f. ā — a) Mittelfinger. — b) Uterus. — c) *ein mannbares Frauenzimmer. — d) *Samenkapsel der Lotusblüthe. — e) *ein Metrum von 4 Mal drei Silben. — f) eine best. Mūrkhanā [Saṃgitasārasaṃgraha 3]). — g) Bez. eines best. Lautes.

5) n. — a) Mitte. — b) Culminationspunct [Sūryasiddhānta 13,14.] — c) Titel des 12ten (14ten) Kāṇḍa im [Śatapathabrāhmaṇa]

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Mādhyama (माध्यम):——

1) Adj. zur Mitte gehörig , die Mitte des Landes bewohnend.

2) m. Pl. — a) die Ṛṣi derjenigen Theile der [Ṛgveda (roth). ] -SAṃhitā., welche die Mitte des Buches (Maṇdala 2

7) bilden. — b) Nomen proprium eines Geschlechts.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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