Kathina, Kaṭhina, Kāṭhina: 22 definitions

Introduction:

Kathina means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Kathina has 20 English definitions available.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[Deutsch Wörterbuch]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Kaṭhina (कठिन):—[Die Uṇādi-Affixe 2, 50.]

1) adj. f. ā hart, steif (Gegens. mṛdu) [Amarakoṣa 3, 2, 25. 3, 4, 25, 191.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1387.] [Anekārthasaṃgraha 3, 362.] [Medinīkoṣa Nalopākhyāna 45] (niṣṭhure und tabdhe d. i. stabdhe). [Suśruta 1, 30, 11. 83, 17.] ucchritakaṭhinasuptamāṃse vraṇe [36, 7.] śopha [61, 11. 87, 13. 255, 15. 2, 107, 1.] atikaṭhinānbhakṣyāndantarogī vivarjayet [129, 1. 311, 5. 333, 4.] stana [?485, 6. - Bhartṛhari 2, 77. ad Śākuntala 19. Meghadūta 89. Amaruśataka 72. Pañcatantra 230, 16.] kaṭhinātmaka (parvata) [190, 16.] Uebertr. hart von Herzen, unbeugsam [Cāṇakya 107.] [Pañcatantra I, 72.] [Kumārasaṃbhava 4, 5.] [Amaruśataka 6.] namayanmṛdūn . unmūlayaṃśca kaṭhinānnṛpānvāyuriva drumān .. [Kathāsaritsāgara 19, 89.] heftig, von einem Schmerze: nitāntakaṭhināṃ rujaṃ mama na veda sā mānasīm [Vikramorvaśī 30.] —

2) m. Dickicht: vaṃśa [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 4, 72,] [Scholiast] —

3) f. kaṭhinā crystallisirter Zucker (guḍaśarkarā) [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] —

4) f. kaṭhinī Kreide [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 2, 3, 7.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1037.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] [Pañcatantra Pr. 7.] —

5) n. Kochtopf [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] (uṣā d. i. ukhā). [Medinīkoṣa] (sthālī). [Mahābhārata 3, 8484] (kaṭina). [11043.] [Sāvitryupākhyāna 5, 1.] plave kaṭhinakājaṃ (kaṭhinakācaṃ?) rāmaścakre sahāyudhaiḥ [Rāmāyaṇa 2, 55, 17.] kaṭhināvadāna [Burnouf 39.] Nach [Wilson’s Wörterbuch] und [Śabdakalpadruma] auch f. — Vgl. kaṭhora .

--- OR ---

Kāṭhina (काठिन):—(von kaṭhina) n.

1) hardness.

2) sternness.

3) the date fruit [Wilson’s Wörterbuch]

--- OR ---

Kaṭhina (कठिन):—

1) prāṇānāṃ kuliśakaṭhinānām [Spr. 1801.] [Pañcatantra I, 72] [?(Spr. 1176)] von Fürsten und Bergen. —

4) [Naiṣadhacarita 22, 54.] —

5) [Mahābhārata 3, 8484] liest die ed. Bomb. richtig kaṭhināni, welches [Nīlakaṇṭha] durch yaṣṭīḥ erklärt, Andere, wie er bemerkt, durch śikyāni oder karaṇḍāni; [?3, 11043 nach Nīlakaṇṭha] gleichfalls = śikya oder karaṇḍa; [Sāvitryupākhyāna 5, 1] [?(Mahābhārata 3, 16747)] = sthālī . [Rāmāyaṇa 2, 55, 17] hat auch die ed. Bomb. kaṭhinakājaṃ, welches nach dem Schol. eine copul. Zusammensetzung ist und entweder in kaṭhina (= khanitra) und kāja (= peṭaka), oder in kaṭhinaka (= khanitra) und āja (= ajacarmapinaddhapeṭaka) zu zerlegen ist. Nach [WASSILJEW 85. 88] ist kaṭhina ein bes. Kleidungsstück des Bhikṣu; das kaṭhināvadāna handelt nach [BURNOUF] vom Gefäss, vom Stock und von der Kleidung.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Kaṭhina (कठिन):——

1) Adj. (f. ā0 hart (auch in übertr. Bed.) ; heftig (Schmerz). —

2) *f. ā — a) crystallisirter Zucker. — b) eine Art Betelpalme [Galano's Wörterbuch] —

3) f. ī Kreide.

4) n. — a) Kochtopf. — b) Tragstange , -band , -riemen [Pāṇini. 4,4,72.] — c) *Schaufel.

--- OR ---

Kāṭhina (काठिन):—n.

1) hardness.

2) sternness.

3) the date fruit.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of kathina in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

Relevant text

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: