Kashta, Kaṣṭa: 23 definitions

Introduction:

Kashta means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Kashta has 21 English definitions available.

The Sanskrit term Kaṣṭa can be transliterated into English as Kasta or Kashta, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Kasht.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[Deutsch Wörterbuch]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Kaṣṭa (कष्ट):—[Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 6, 2, 47,] [Scholiast]

1) adj. f. ā schlimm, arg: prājñaṃ kulīnaṃ śūraṃ ca dakṣaṃ dātārameva ca . kṛtajñaṃ dhṛtimantaṃ ca kaṣṭamāhurariṃ budhāḥ .. [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 7, 210.] sa hi kaṣṭataro ripuḥ [186.] kaṣṭā dāruṇarūpeṇa ghorarūpā niśācarī [Mahābhārata 3. 14481.] bandhanāni ca kaṣṭāni [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 12, 78. 7, 50. 51.] vyasanasya ca mṛtyośca vyasanaṃ kaṣṭamucyate [53.] āpadyapi ca kaṣṭāyām [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 3, 29.] kaṣṭānnarakānyānti [221.] [Mahābhārata 13, 2365.] [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 11, 15. 2, 75, 40.] [Daśaratha’s Tod 1, 38.] itaḥ kaṣṭataraṃ kiṃ nu [Hiḍimbavadha 1, 5. 29.] kaṣṭāṃ daśāṃ gataḥ [Mahābhārata 3, 17303.] [Bhartṛhari 2, 22.] kaṣṭāyāmapyavasthāyām [Rāmāyaṇa 3, 51, 23.] madhvāmātparatastvanyadāmaṃ kaṣṭaṃ na vidyate [Suśruta 1, 186, 9. 271, 6. 2, 133, 21. 274, 19. 345, 5. 429, 3.] kaṣṭā vṛttiḥ parādhīnā kaṣṭo vāso nirāśrayaḥ . nirdhano vyavasāyaśca sarvakaṣṭā daridratā .. [Cāṇakya 59.] [Pañcatantra I, 226.] [Mālavikāgnimitra 65, 10.] [Vikramorvaśī 42.] [Raghuvaṃśa 14, 56.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 4, 70. 10, 79. 20, 197.] [Vetālapañcaviṃśati 35, 17.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 5, 5, 1.] kaṣṭasthāna n. ein schlimmer Platz [Śabdakalpadruma] und [Wilson’s Wörterbuch] angeblich nach [Hārāvalī] kaṣṭatapas der arge d. i. grosse Busse übt [Śākuntala 100, 14.] Nach [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 7, 2, 32.] [Amarakoṣa 3, 4, 9, 42.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha 2, 82.] [Medinīkoṣa ṭ. 6] hat kaṣṭa die Bed. von kṛcchra und gahana . Nach [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher] und [Vopadeva’s Grammatik 26, 111] ist kaṣṭa partic. praet. pass. von kaṣ; für die Bed. kṛcchra führt der Schol. des P. die Beispiele kaṣṭo gniḥ (eṣo gnirutthitaḥ kaṣṭastrāyadhvaṃ dhāvatādhunā [Nalopākhyāna] [?[BOPP] 13, 16]) und kaṣṭaṃ vyākaraṇam auf, für die Bed. gahana die Beispiele kaṣṭāni vanāni und kaṣṭāḥ parvatāḥ . Nach einer [?Kārikā. zu Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 3, 2, 88] hat das partic. kaṣṭa die Bed. eines fut. (etwa Leiden ankündigend). —

2) n. eine schlimme Sache, Elend, Jammer [Amarakoṣa 1, 1, 2, 4.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1371.] kṛtaṃ kaṣṭaṃ vyādhena yastādṛśaṃ cāruravaṃ krauñcaṃ hanyādakāraṇāt [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 2, 32.] kaṣṭaṃ kaṣṭaṃ bhavatā yaddviguṇaṃ roṣitaścandraḥ [Pañcatantra 163, 3.] kaṣṭamāṣatitam tānyaṇḍāni me naṣṭāni [Hitopadeśa 72, 15.] kaṣṭaṃ khalvanapatyatā [Śākuntala 90, 20.] [Bhartṛhari 2, 88.] kaṣṭaṃ krūrā jigīṣavaḥ [Kathāsaritsāgara 4, 126.] ekasya kaṣṭasya na yāvadantaṃ gacchāmyaham nāvaddvitīyaṃ samupasthitaṃ me [Pañcatantra II, 187. 144, 25. 195, 16.] dhigarthāḥ kaṣṭasaṃśrayāḥ [I, 179.] kaṣṭaparaṃparā [297.] śītātapādikaṣṭāni sahate yāni sevakaḥ [302.] arthārthī yāti kaṣṭāni [II, 127.] bhārodvāhanakaṣṭabhāgin [68, 23.] kaṣṭaśrita [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 6, 2, 47,] [Scholiast] adhikaṣṭa grosses Elend [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 5, 12, 7.] kaṣṭena mit Mühe, mit Anstrengung: kaṣṭenopārjitamapi vittaṃ helayā kvāpi gatam [Pañcatantra 134, 13.] evaṃ cintayato me mahatā kaṣṭena sa divaso vyatikrāntaḥ [123, 22.] [ŚUK. 45, 8.] kaṣṭalabhya (v. l. kaṣṭataralabhya) schwer zu erlangen [Hitopadeśa 25, 18.] kaṣṭāgata mit genauer Noth angelangt [Geschichte des Vidūṣaka 306.] —

3) kaṣṭam interj. o Jammer! weh! kaṣṭaṃ yuddhe daśa śeṣāḥ śrutā me trayo smākaṃ pāṇḍavānāṃ ca sapta [Mahābhārata 1, 215.] kaṣṭaṃ māṃ nābhijānāsi [Rāmāyaṇa 3, 79, 46.] [Suśruta 1, 108, 17.] [Mṛcchakaṭikā 50, 6. 55, 5.] [Hitopadeśa 31, 21.] [Pañcatantra 169, 21.] dhikkaṣṭam [III, 195.] hā dhikkaṣṭam [Vikramorvaśī 61, 7.] — Vgl. sukaṣṭa .

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Kaṣṭa (कष्ट):—

1) sthāna = vāraka [Hārāvalī 128.] karman schlecht (Gegens. śukla) [Spr. 4730.] kaṣṭam mit Mühe [Kathāsaritsāgara 49, 210.] In der Rhetorik Bez. eines best. Fehlers im Ausdruck [Oxforder Handschriften 207,a,14] (vgl. kaṣṭatā) . —

2) kaṣṭaṃ ca khalu mūrkhatvaṃ kaṣṭaṃ ca khalu yauvanam . kaṣṭātkaṣṭataraṃ caiva paragehanivāsanam .. [VṚDDHA-Cāṇakya 2, 8.] tasya kaṣṭena jīvataḥ [Kathāsaritsāgara 53, 23.] —

3) hā kaṣṭam [Spr. 1530.] hākaṣṭaśabdaṃ śuśrāva [Kathāsaritsāgara 56, 123.]

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Kaṣṭa (कष्ट):—

1) [Z. 12. fg.] sthāna [Hārāvalī 128.] —

2) [Spr. (II) 6050.] kaṣṭātkaṣṭataram das grösste Uebel ebend. kaṣṭātkaṣṭam dass. [5694.] kaṣṭāt mit Mühe und Noth [5226, v. l.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Kaṣṭa (कष्ट):——

1) Adj. (f. ā) — a) schlimm , arg , bös. m Adv. mit Mühe. — b) in der Rhet. — α) das Ohr beleidigend [Vāmana’s Kāvyālaṃkāravṛtti 2,1,6.] — β) gezwungen , unnatürlich.

2) *m. Nomen proprium eines Mannes ; a. kāṣṭāyana. —

3) n. eine schlimme Sache , Uebel , Jammer , Elend. kaṣṭātkaṣṭataram ([Indische sprüche 1597]), kaṣṭādapi kaṣṭataram ([Indische sprüche 1596]) und kaṣṭātkaṣṭam das allerschlimmste Uebel. kaṣṭat , kaṣṭena und kaṣṭa mit Mühe , — Anstrengung , — genauer Noth.

4) kaṣṭam Interj. o Jammer! weh! Auch dhikkaṣṭam und hā dhikkaṣṭam ([122,3]). hakaṣṭaśabda.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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