Jivana, Jīvana: 24 definitions

Introduction:

Jivana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Jivana has 23 English definitions available.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[Deutsch Wörterbuch]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Jīvana (जीवन):—(von jīv simpl. u. caus.)

1) adj. f. ī belebend, lebengebend [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 2, 3, 1, 10.] vāyu [Arjunasamāgama 4, 51.] vidyā [Mahābhārata 1, 3241.] vāpīṃ tāṃ mṛtānāṃ jīvanīm [8, 1420.] von der Sonne [3, 152.] von Śiva [13, 1236.] [Vopadeva’s Grammatik 5, 1.] —

2) m. a) ein lebendes Wesen [Wilson’s Wörterbuch] — b) Wind [Rājanirghaṇṭa im Śabdakalpadruma] — c) Sohn [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha 3, 377.] — d) ein best. Heilmittel, = jīvaka [Rājanirghaṇṭa] — e) Name einer Pflanze, = kṣudraphalaka [Śabdacandrikā im Śabdakalpadruma] —

3) f. ā eine best. Arzeneipflanze, = medā [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] = jīvantībheda [Medinīkoṣa Nalopākhyāna 69.] —

4) f. ī Name verschiedener Pflanzen und Heilmittel von belebender Kraft, = jīvantī u. s. w. [Amarakoṣa 2, 4, 5, 7.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1185.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] = kākolī, ḍoḍī, medā, mahāmedā [Rājanirghaṇṭa im Śabdakalpadruma] eine Art Jasmin (yūthī) [Śabdacandrikā im Śabdakalpadruma -] [Weber’s Verzeichniss No. 1001.] —

5) n. a) das Leben, Existenz [Medinīkoṣa] [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 9, 5, 1, 53.] [Pāraskara’s Gṛhyasūtrāṇi 2, 1.] bhavatā viprayuktāyā durlabhaṃ mama jīvanam [Rāmāyaṇa 4, 19, 19.] tajjīvanāya [Hitopadeśa 18, 8.] [Gedicht vom Vogel Cātaka 3.] dhanaṃ vā jīvanāyālam [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 11, 76.] jīvo jīvasya jīvane [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 1, 13, 44.] jīvanahetu ein Mittel zur Existenz [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 10, 116.] [?ad Prooemium im Hitopadeśa 48.] jīvanaṃ (cāsmi) sarvabhūteṣu [Bhagavadgītā 7, 9.] dāsajīvana der das Leben eines Sclaven führt [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 10, 32.] jīvanakāraṇa, yatnaḥ jīvanayoniḥ Lebensdrang [Bhāṣāpariccheda 148. 150.] — b) das Leben von; Lebensunterhalt, Subsistenzmittel [Amarakoṣa 2, 9, 1.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 3, 240.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 860.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] ayuktamidaṃ yanmitradroheṇa jīvanaṃ kriyate [Pañcatantra 66, 6.] strīhiṃsauṣadha [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 3, 240.] kṛṣiḥ śilpaṃ bhṛtirvidyā kusīdaṃ śakaṭaṃ giriḥ . sevārūpaṃ nṛpo bhaikṣamāpattau jīvanāni tu .. [42.] [Mahābhārata 3, 13724.] tadantaṃ tasya jīvanam (v. l. für jīvitam) [Hitopadeśa I, 85.] Häufig am Ende eines adj. comp. in Verbindung mit dem was Jmd den Lebensunterhalt gewährt: mṛga [Nalopākhyāna 11, 26. 36.] bhāṇḍa [Mahābhārata 12, 9322.] vākya [13, 2573.] dharma [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 9, 273.] deśo nadyambujībanaḥ, vṛṣṭijīvanaḥ eine Gegend, die durch Flusswasser, durch Regen Subsistenzmittel gewährt, [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 955.] — c) das Beleben, Lebendigmachen: vānara [Rāmāyaṇa 6, 105] in der Unterschr. — d) das belebende Element, Wasser [Amarakoṣa 1, 2, 3, 3.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1069.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] — e) frische Butter [Śabdacandrikā im Śabdakalpadruma] — f) Mark [Rājanirghaṇṭa im Śabdakalpadruma] — Vgl. ajīvana .

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Jīvana (जीवन):—

1) [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 10, 24, 8.] —

1) und zugleich

5) d) tvaṃ (payaḥ) jīvanaṃ dehinām [Spr. 3020.] —

2) f) Nomen proprium eines Autors [Oxforder Handschriften 245,b,9.] —

5) a) Lebensweise [Taittirīyasaṃhitā 6, 1, 9, 4.] nirupadhijīvana adj.; davon nom. abstr. f. [Dhūrtasamāgama] in [Lassen’s Anthologie 88, 15.] —

5) a) und zugleich d) [Spr. 1226.] —

5) b) parataḥ prāpya jīvanam [Spr. 2108.] viduṣāṃ jīvanaṃ mūrkhaḥ [2901.] —

5) b) und zugleich d) [Spr. 4080.] —

5) c) [Oxforder Handschriften 304,b,1.] das Beleben eines Zauberspruches [SARVADARŚANAS. 170, 10.] praṇavāntaritāṃkṛtvā mantravarṇāñjapetsudhīḥ . mantrārṇasaṃkhyayā taddhi jīvanaṃ saṃpracakṣate .. [13. fg.] —

5) d) [Rājataraṅgiṇī 5, 416.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 10, 20, 6.]

--- OR ---

Jīvana (जीवन):—

5) a) [Ṛgveda 1, 48, 10. 10, 161, 1.] [Atharvavedasaṃhitā 4, 9, 1.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Jīvana (जीवन):——

1) Adj. (f. ī) belebend , Lebend gebend , lebendig machend [122,6.] —

2) m. — a) *ein lebendes Wesen. — b) *Wind. — c) *Sohn. — d) *Bez. zweier Pflanzen , = jīvaka und kṣudraphalaka. — e) Nomen proprium eines Autors. —

3) *f. ā eine best. Heilpflanze.

4) f. ī eine best. Pflanze [Rājan 3,25.] Nach den Lexicographen = jīvantī , kākolī , ḍoḍī , medā , mahāmedā und yūthī. —

5) n. — a) das Leben , Existenz. — b) Lebensweise. — c) das Leben von (Instr. oder im Comp. vorangehend) ; Lebensunterhalt , Existenzmittel. Am Ende eines adj. Comp. so v.a. lebend von. vṛṣṭi durch Regen Subsistenzmittel bietend (eine Gegend). — d) das Beleben , Lebendig machen [122,14.] Auch das Beleben eines Zauberspruches. — e) Wasser [Indische sprüche 7617.] zugleich in Bed. 5)c). — f) *frische Butter. — g) *Milch [Galano's Wörterbuch] — h) *Mark [Rājan 18,69.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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