Jivaka, Jīvaka: 21 definitions

Introduction:

Jivaka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Jivaka has 20 English definitions available.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[Deutsch Wörterbuch]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Jīvaka (जीवक):—(wie eben)

1) adj. am Ende eines comp. a) lebend, s. cira . — b) lebend von: pakṣi [Mahābhārata 12, 5576.] adhyayana [13, 6455.] vṛddhi [5741.] mālya [Harivaṃśa 4484] (wo jīvaka st. jīvaja zu lesen ist). para [Śatruṃjayamāhātmya 10, 144.] Vgl. akṣara . — c) leben machend, erzeugend; s. putraṃjīvaka . —

2) adj. proparox. (f. jīvakā) der lange lebt, dem ein langes Leben gewünscht wird (vgl. āyuṣmant) [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 3, 1, 150,] [Scholiast 7, 3, 54], Vārtt. [?4, Scholiast Vopadeva’s Grammatik 26, 42. 4, 6.] —

3) m. a) ein lebendes Wesen. — b) Diener, Untergebener (von Anderen lebend) [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha 3, 43. 44.] [Medinīkoṣa k. 94.] — c) Bettler diess. [Rgva tch’er rol pa 355.] — d) Wucherer. — e) Schlangenfänger [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] — f) Baum (lange lebend) [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] — g) Name verschiedener Pflanzen: α) Terminalia tomentosa W. u. A. [Amarakoṣa 2, 4, 2, 24.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] — β) Coccinia grandis, eine Cucurbitacee [AINSL. 2, 436.] — γ) ein best. vielgenanntes Heilmittel (= kūrcaśīrṣa u. s. w.) [Amarakoṣa 2, 4, 5, 8.] [Medinīkoṣa] [Suśruta 1, 59, 16. 60, 9. 137, 5. 140, 8. 222, 11. 2, 21, 7. 38, 17. 206, 13. 207, 1.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 57, 6. 77, 25.] Vgl. aṣṭavarga . — h) Nomen proprium eines Mannes [Hiouen-Thsang I, 389. III, 19.] —

4) f. jīvikā a) das lebendige oder lebenbringende Element, Bez. des Wassers (vgl. jīvā, jīvajala u. jīva [1.]): jīvikā nāma stha (āpaḥ) [Aśvalāyana’s Śrautasūtrāni 6, 9.] — b) das Leben, die Art und Weise zu leben: varaṃ vṛṇīṣva vittaṃ cirajīvikāṃ ca [Kaṭhopaniṣad 1, 24.] jīveyuḥ paśujīvikām [Mahābhārata 3, 1185.] āpannaḥ klīvajīvikām [1276.] (jīvāmi) pāpajīvikām [Rāmāyaṇa 5, 26, 25.] jīvatvasukhajīvikām [Nalopākhyāna 11, 17.] ajihmāmaśaṭhāṃ śuddhāṃ jīvedbrāhmaṇajīvikām [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 4, 11.] jīvedvaiśyasya jīvikām [10, 82.] — c) Lebensunterhalt [Amarakoṣa 2, 9, 1.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 865.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] ṣaṇṇāṃ tu karmaṇāmasya trīṇi karmāṇi jīvikā . yājanādhyāpane caiva viśuddhācca pratigrahaḥ .. [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 10, 76.] [Mahābhārata 14, 1255.] [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 6, 2, 73.] [Mālavikāgnimitra 16.] [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 28, 4. fgg.] nopajīveta jīvikām [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 7, 13, 7.] labdha [Pañcatantra 198, 5.] āpannajīvika, prāpta [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 1, 2, 44,] [Scholiast] dattajīvikā adj. [Rājataraṅgiṇī 6, 22.] kṣatriyāṇāṃ viśeṣeṇa yena yuddhena jīvikā [Mahābhārata.7, 2544. 14, 35.] mṛgayāyāṃ ca jīvikā [3, 15869.] vaiśyo (karoti) vipaṇijīvikām [5, 2627.] jīvikākar zum Lebensunterhalt erwählen [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 1, 4, 79.] [Vopadeva’s Grammatik 15, 5.] — d) Name einer Pflanze (jīvantī) [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] — Vgl. ajajīvika .

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Jīvaka (जीवक):—

4) c) paravañcanajīvika adj. [Kathāsaritsāgara 66, 111.]

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Jīvaka (जीवक):—

4) b) cirajīvikā (Conj. für jīvitā) langes Leben [Spr. (II) 5770.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Jīvaka (जीवक):——

1) Adj. — a) lebend , so v.a. lebend gefangen [Harṣacarita 185,8.] — b) am Ende eines Comp. (f. jīvikā) — α) lebend. — β) lebend von. — γ) Leben verleihend , erzeugend. — c) (*f. jīvakā) der lange lebt , dem ein langes Leben gewünscht wird.

2) m. — a) *ein lebendes Wesen. — b) *Diener , Untergebener. — c) *Wucherer. — d) *Schlangenfänger — e) *Baum. — f) eine best. Heilpflanze. Nach den Lexicographen Terminalia tomentosa und Coccinia grandis. — g) *Nomen proprium eines Mannes. —

3) f. jīvikā — a) Pl. Wasser. — b) das Leben , die Art und Weise zu leben [Kāraṇḍavyūha 46,12.] — c) Lebens unterhalt. kar zum Lebensunterhalt erwählen. Am Ende eines adj. Comp. f. jīvikā — d) *eine best. Pflanze , = jīvantī.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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