Jina, Jīna: 18 definitions

Introduction:

Jina means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Jina has 16 English definitions available.

Alternative spellings of this word include Gene.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[Deutsch Wörterbuch]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Jina (जिन):—(von ji) [Die Uṇādi-Affixe 3, 2.]

1) adj. siegreich [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 3, 240.] [Medinīkoṣa Nalopākhyāna 8.] —

2) m. a) ein Buddha (der Alles glücklich überwunden hat) [Amarakoṣa 1, 1, 1, 8. 3, 4, 7, 33.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 1, 1, 9. 3, 3, 240.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 232.] [Anekārthasaṃgraha 2, 266.] [Medinīkoṣa] [Rgva tch’er rol pa 111. u.s.w.] [Burnouf 187. 189. 204. 381. 628.] [Lot. de Lassen’s Anthologie b. l. 5.] [Pañcatantra 236, 8. V, 12. 13.] śāsana [Rājataraṅgiṇī 1, 102.] dharma (hierher oder zum Folgenden) [Matsyapurāṇa] in [Viṣṇupurāṇa 412, Nalopākhyāna 1.] [Oxforder Handschriften 40,a, Nalopākhyāna 3.] — b) ein Arhant, ein Heiliger der Jaina [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 24.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 59, 19.] Es werden deren 72 mit Namen aufgeführt und zwar 24 in der gegenwärtigen Avasarpiṇī, 24 in der vergangenen und 24 in der zukünftigen Utsarpiṇī, [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 26. fgg. 50 fgg. 53. fgg.] Alle in Āryāvarta geboren [948.] — c) Nomen proprium eines Bodhisattva [Hiouen-Thsang II, 106. 153.] — d) Beiname Viṣṇu’s [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 216.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] — e) ein sehr alter Mann (vgl. jīna, jīrṇa) [UJJVAL.] zu [Uṇādisūtra 3, 2.]

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Jīna (जीन):—nach [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 6, 4, 2,] [Scholiast] partic. praet. pass. von jyā (in der älteren Sprache jīta).

1) adj. alt, bejahrt [Amarakoṣa 2, 6, 1, 42.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 340.] —

2) ein lederner Sack (carmapuṭa nach [Kullūka]): jīnakārmukavastāvīnpṛthagdadyādviśuddhaye caturṇamapi varṇānāṃ nārīrhatvānavasthitāḥ .. [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 11, 138.]

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Jina (जिन):—

2) a) [Kathāsaritsāgara 72, 99.] [Weber’s Indische Studien 8, 467.] — b) [SARVADARŚANAS. 31, 19. 43, 12. 44, 2.] — f) = jaina [Lassen’s Anthologie (II) 92, 17] (aus metrischen Rücksichten). — g) = hemacandra (?) [Oxforder Handschriften 189,b,16.]

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Jina (जिन):—

2) b) [Hemacandra] [Yogaśāstra 2, 16. 18. 3, 122. 138.] dharma [139.] jinottama [4, 91]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Jina (जिन):——

1) *Adj. — a) siegreich. — b) sehr alt [Ujjvaladatta] —

2) m. — a) ein Buddha. — b) ein Arhant , ein Heiliger der Jaina. — c) Bez. der Zahl 24 [Hemādri’s Caturvargacintāmaṇi 1,134,16.17.] — d) metrisch = jaina. — e) Beiname — α) *Viṣṇu's. — β) Hemacandra’s (?). — f) Nomen proprium — α) *eines Bodhisattva. — β) eines Sohnes des Yadu [VP.².4,53.]

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Jīna (जीन):——

1) *Adj. alt , bejahrt.

2) Schlauch ; vgl. jīla.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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