Ishta, Iṣṭa: 25 definitions

Introduction:

Ishta means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Ishta has 23 English definitions available.

The Sanskrit term Iṣṭa can be transliterated into English as Ista or Ishta, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Isht.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[Deutsch Wörterbuch]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Iṣṭa (इष्ट):—

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Iṣṭa (इष्ट):—2. (von yaj)

1) adj. a) geopfert: ameṣṭa [Vājasaneyisaṃhitā 10, 20.] kevalena naḥ paśu neṣṭamasat [Aitareyabrāhmaṇa 2, 8. 5, 28.] prathame prayāja iṣṭe [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 1, 5, 4, 12.] iṣṭasviṣṭakṛt [4, 3, 5, 7.] mayā ceṣṭaṃ kratuśatam [Viśvāmitra’s Kampf 8, 18.] yajñairbahuvidhairiṣṭam 20. — b) mit Opfern verehrt: yā iṣṭā uṣaso yā aniṣṭāḥ [Aśvalāyana’s Śrautasūtrāni 2, 5]; vgl. [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 25, 10, 22.] —

2) m. Opfer [Medinīkoṣa ṭ. 2.] —

3) n. a) das Opfern [Amarakoṣa 2, 7, 27.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 834.] [Anekārthasaṃgraha 2, 80.] [Medinīkoṣa] [Chāndogyopaniṣad 8, 5, 1.] Diese Bedeutung geben die Erklärer dem Worte, wenn es in Verbindung mit pūrta erscheint; vgl. oben u. 1. iṣṭa 4. und iṣṭāpūrta . — b) heilige Handlung, Sacrament (saṃskāra) [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] — c) = yoga [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] — Vgl. 2. aniṣṭa .

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Iṣṭa (इष्ट):—1.

1) b) [Vājasaneyisaṃhitā 1, 22.] neben aniṣṭa unter den [10] Arten von Tönen [Mahābhārata 14, 1419.] iṣṭārtha adj. das gewünschte Ziel erreichend [Mahābhārata 13, 7606.] von Vorzeichen und Erscheinungen = śubha günstig [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 43, 61. 50, 4. 53, 91. 93, 4]; vgl. neṣṭa . [Z. 7] streiche [16, 28.] —

4) pūrtamiṣṭam [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 7, 15, 29.] hiṃsraṃ dravyamayaṃ kāmyamagnihotrādyaśāntidam . darśaśca paurṇamāsaśca cāturmāsyaṃ paśuḥ sutaḥ .. etadiṣṭaṃ pravṛttākhyaṃ hutaṃ prahutameva ca . pūrtaṃ surālayārāmakūpājīvyādilakṣaṇam .. [48 fg.] also Opfer aller Art (vgl. 2. iṣṭa) . Vgl. noch tasmādiṣṭaśca pūrtaśca dharmau dvāvapi naśyataḥ [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 13, 15.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Iṣṭa (इष्ट):—1. —

1) Adj. — a) gesucht. — b) erwünscht , gewünscht , gern gesehen , beliebt , genehm , lieb. tara und tama lieber als (Instr.) tama mit einem passivisch aufzufassenden Inf. [224,32.] — c) gütig , faustus. Tag [49,14.] — d) für gut erachtet , angenommen , Geltung habend , erachtet für (Nom.) [252,23.] tama für den besten erachtet.

2) *Ricinus communis.

3) *f. ā Mimosa_Suma Roxb [Rājan 8,33.] —

4) n. Wunsch , Verlangen [96,2.116,6.]

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Iṣṭa (इष्ट):—2. —

1) Adj. geopfert.

2) m. Opfer [Mārkaṇḍeyapurāṇa 13,15.] (vielleicht iṣṭañca pūrtañca zu lesen). —

3) n. — a) das Opfern , Opfer [329,7] (Pl.). — b) * = saṃskāra. — c) * = yoga.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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