Gandha, Gandhā, Gamdha: 47 definitions

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Gandha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Gandha has 45 English definitions available.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[Deutsch Wörterbuch]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Gandha (गन्ध):—

1) m. [Siddhāntakaumudī.250,a,4.] a) Geruch, Duft [Amarakoṣa 1, 1, 4, 16. 19.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1390.] [Anekārthasaṃgraha 2, 239. 240.] [Medinīkoṣa dh. 5.] ya ā.asya kra.iṣo ga.dho asti [Ṛgveda 1, 162, 10.] [Atharvavedasaṃhitā 4, 37, 2. 11, 3, 8. 12, 5, 34.] tānoṣadhe.tvaṃ ga.dhena.vi nāśaya [8, 6, 10.] puṇya [10, 27.] yaste ga.dhaḥ pṛthivi saṃba.hūva [12, 1, 23.] [Vājasaneyisaṃhitā 20, 27.] [Taittirīyasaṃhitā 2, 3, 9, 9.] [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 3, 5, 2, 17.] sarveṣāṃ gandhānāṃ nāsike ekāyanam [14, 5, 4, 11. 6, 2, 2. 7, 3, 12. 9, 4, 1, 4. 10, 5, 2, 20. 12, 8, 3, 16.] [Aitareyopaniṣad 5, 1.] yāvannāpaityamedhyāktādgandho lepaśca tatkṛtaḥ [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 5, 126. 1, 78. 4, 111. 5, 128. 11, 149. 12, 98.] mānuṣyo balavāṃgandho ghrāṇaṃ tarpayatīva me [Hiḍimbavadha 2, 12.] [Mahābhārata 3, 16199.] [Rāmāyaṇa 5, 73, 59.] pūtigandhe [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 4, 107.] tīvra [Mahābhārata 18, 77.] uttama [Nalopākhyāna 5, 38.] adhikasurabhi [Meghadūta 21.] puṇya [Raghuvaṃśa 12, 27.] aśuci [30.] havirgandhaiḥ [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 5, 15.] havya [Śākuntala 83.] dīpanirvāṇa [Hitopadeśa I, 69.] gandhāmbu wohlriechendes Wasser [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 63.] [Mahābhārata 12, 6848] werden 9 Arten von Gerüchen aufgezählt: iṣṭa, aniṣṭa, madhura, kaṭu, nirhārin, saṃhata, snigdha, rūkṣa und viśada; [Śabdakalpadruma] fügt noch amla hinzu. Am Ende eines adj. comp.: agandha [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 14, 6, 8, 8.] caturgandha [Rāmāyaṇa 5, 32, 12.] iṣṭa [Suśruta 2, 480, 5.] pāpa [Mahābhārata 18, 70.] divya [13, 2349.] fem. ā [1, 2398. 2, 317. 2174. 3, 12721.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 9, 14, 25.] — b) wohlriechender Stoff, Wohlgerüche [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 5, 4, 135, Vārttika von Kātyāyana.,] [Scholiast] Meist im pl.: gandhairukṣaṇaṃ gavām [GOBH. 3, 6, 13.] gandhānagnau, kariṣyāmi [4, 2, 26. 3, 1, 12.] [LĀṬY. 2, 6, 1.] [Pāraskara’s Gṛhyasūtrāṇi 2, 13.] [ĀŚV. GṚHY. 4, 7.] [Kauśika’s Sūtra zum Atuarvaveda 13. 54.] [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 4, 250. 7, 131. 9, 329. 10, 88. 11, 168.] śubhāṃgandhān [12, 65.] [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 1, 297. 2, 245.] mālyaiśca gandhaiśca [Sundopasundopākhyāna 4, 4.] varjayenmadhu māṃsaṃ ca gandhaṃ mālyaṃ rasāṃstriyaḥ [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 2, 177.] [Rāmāyaṇa 6, 37, 23.] — c) Bez. verschiedener stark riechender Sachen: α) Schwefel (gandhaka) [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] — β) pulverisirtes Sandelholz [ŚUDDHIT. im Śabdakalpadruma] kāśmīragandhamṛganābhikṛtāṅgarāgā [Caurapañcāśikā 9. Scholiast] : = candana . — γ) Myrrhe (bala) [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 3, 217.] — δ) Name eines Baumes, Hyperanthera Moringa Vahl. (śobhāñjana) [Śabdaratnāvalī im Śabdakalpadruma] — d) der blosse Geruch von einer Sache, ein Bischen, ein Wenig [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 5, 4, 136.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 2, 8.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] — e) Verbindung, Verwandtschaft [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] — f) Nachbar [Medinīkoṣa] — g) Uebermuth, Stolz [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 3, 217.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] Vgl. āttagandha . — h) ein Beiname Śiva’s [Mahābhārata 12, 10378.] —

2) f. ā a) Curcuma Amhaldi oder Zerumbet Roxb. [Rājanirghaṇṭa im Śabdakalpadruma] — b) Desmodium gangeticum Dec. (śālaparṇī) [Bharata] zu [Amarakoṣa] [Śabdakalpadruma] — c) die Knospe von Michelia Champaca (campaka) [Śabdaratnāvalī im Śabdakalpadruma] — d) Name eines Metrums [?(17 + 18 + 17 + 18] Silben) [Colebrooke II, 156. 94.] —

3) n. a) Geruch [DHYĀNAVINDŪP.] in [Weber’s Indische Studien 2, 1.] — b) schwarzes Aloeholz [Rājanirghaṇṭa im Śabdakalpadruma] — Vgl. gandhi .

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Gandha (गन्ध):—

1) a) grastagandhā (pṛthivī) [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 12, 4, 13.] — c) α) [Oxforder Handschriften 320,b,2.] — d) anabhibhavagandha [Spr. 1859, v. l.] duṇḍubhānahigandhena na tvaṃ hiṃsitumarhasi so v. a. weil sie einige Aehnlichkeit mit Schlangen haben [Mahābhārata 1, 989.] = sarpasādṛśyamātreṇa [Nīlakaṇṭha] — Vgl. durgandha, nirgandha, puṇya, pūti, matsya, mahā, mukha, yojana, sa, su .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Gandha (गन्ध):——

1) m. — a) Geruch , Duft. Ausnahmsweise n. ; am Ende eines adj. Comp. f. ā. — b) gewöhnlich Pl. wohlriechender Stoff , Wohlgerüche. — c) Schwefel [Kālacakra 5,20.] — d) pulverisirtes Sandelholz. — e) *Myrrhe. — f) *Hyperanthera Moringa. — g) am Ende eines Comp. der blosse Geruch von , so v.a. eines Spur von , ein Wenig [Suśruta (rotrh) 1,42,9.] ahigandhena so v.a. wegen einiger Aehnlichkeit mit Schlangen. — h) *Verbindung , Verwandtschaft. — i) Uebermuth , Stolz [Meghadūta 9.] Wohl fehlerhaft für gardha. — k) *Nachbar. — l) Beiname Civa's. —

2) f. ā — a) *Curcuma_Amhaldi_oder Zerumbet. — b) *Desmodium gangeticum. — c) *die Knospe von Michelia Champaca. — d) ein best. Metrum.

3) n. — a) = 1)a). — b) *schwarzes Aloeholz [Rājan 12,91.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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