Gal: 9 definitions

Introduction:

Gal means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Gal has 8 English definitions available.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[Deutsch Wörterbuch]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Gal (गल्):—1. , galati

1) herabträufeln [Vopadeva’s Grammatik im DHĀTUP. 15, 39.] galantyamīvāṣpāmbuvindavaḥ [Kathāsaritsāgara 11, 57.] gātrāṇi galatsvedajalāni [Brahmapurāṇa 59, 11.] galatkuṣṭha (gehört vielleicht zu 2; vgl. galitakuṣṭha) [Bhartṛhari 1, 89.] vāṣpeṇa saṃspṛṣṭaṃ nīlapaṭalaṃ (das dunkle Häutchen, welches das blinde Auge bedeckte) cakṣurbhyāṃ mandaṃ mandamagalat [Pañcatantra 262, 22.] galadvāṣpa [Geschichte des Vidūṣaka 155.] yasyāsyakamalagalitaṃ vāṅmayamamṛtaṃ jagatpibati [Harivaṃśa 2.] pracchadāntagalitāśruvindubhiḥ [Raghuvaṃśa 19, 22.] [Amaruśataka 26. 91.] avarodhaiḥ galitāṅgarāgaiḥ (beim Bade) [Raghuvaṃśa 16, 58.] —

2) herabfallen, abfallen: pratodā jagaluḥ (sc. hastebhyaḥ) [Bhaṭṭikavya 14, 99.] musalādyagalattataḥ [17, 87.] galantī rasanā [Raghuvaṃśa 7, 10.] galaddhammilla [Gītagovinda 2, 21.] galanmālya [Prabodhacandrodaja 40, 3.] nigamakalpatarorgalitaṃ phalam [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 1, 1, 3.] galitaṃ vasanam [Śiśupālavadha 9, 75.] [Sāhityadarpana 62, 4.] barha [Meghadūta 45.] bandhana [Caurapañcāśikā 17.] [Amarakoṣa 3, 2, 53.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1490.] —

3) wegfallen, verschwinden, verstreichen [Weber’s Verzeichniss No. 45.] etasyāṃ niśi galadardhāyām [Daśakumāracarita 177, 13.] galita verschwunden, gewichen, nicht vorhanden, fehlend: galitanayana [Hitopadeśa 18, 7.] nakhadanta [10, 22.] ekahasta [Dhūrtasamāgama 94, 9.] vayas [Raghuvaṃśa 3, 70.] yauvana [Bhartṛhari 1, 69. 2, 46.] vibhava [36.] dehābhimāna [Bālabodhanī 31.] trapā [Sāhityadarpana 45, 5.] ādara [Bhaṭṭikavya 5, 43.] vidyāṃ pramādagalitām dem Gedächtniss entschwunden [Caurapañcāśikā 1.] — caus.

1) herabträufeln lassen, abgiessen: sthālyānnamaṇḍamagālayat [Daśakumāracarita 156, 2.] tathā pacedyathā agālitamaṇḍaścarurbhavati [KĀLEŚI im Śabdakalpadruma] u. gālita . —

2) vom Wasser befreien, abseihen: sarvāṇi cūrṇitānīha gālitāni vimiśrayet [Suśruta 1, 165, 18.] —

3) flüssig machen, auflösen, schmelzen: tau bhāgau tatkaṣāyeṇa gālayet [Suśruta 1, 166, 6.] mūtreṇa [2, 117, 8.] kṣāro vīmūtragālitaḥ [54, 9.] gālitasya suvarṇasya [RATNĀV. im Śabdakalpadruma] u. gālita . —

4) gal, gālayate = sravaṇe [DHĀTUP. 33, 26.] — ava herabfallen: sauvarṇaṃ valayamavāgalatkarāgrāt [Śiśupālavadha 8, 34.] urubhayāvagalito yoninirgato garbhaḥ srotasi nipapāta [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 5, 8, 3.] gavākṣasarasi prāptaśrījalo vāgaladdvijaḥ [Rājataraṅgiṇī 5, 423.] — ā herabfallen, herabsinken: varṣāmbuviklinnaṃ padmamāgalitaṃ yathā [Mahābhārata 1, 5412.] āgalitakeśānta [7, 555.] pārśvāgalitahārāḥ yoṣitaḥ [Rāmāyaṇa 5, 13, 34.] — paryā ringsum herabträufeln: patrāntaparyāgaladacchavinduḥ tīrataruḥ [Bhaṭṭikavya 2, 4.] — samā zusammenstürzen: prākampata sa śailarāṭ . mumoca puṣpavarṣaṃ ca samāgalitapādapaḥ .. [Mahābhārata 1, 1409.] — ud hervorträufeln: nyarundhannudgaladvāṣpamautkaṇṭhyāt [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 1, 10, 14.] — ni (?) herabfallen [Bhartṛhari] nis herausträufeln, herausfliessen: nirgalitāmbugarbhaṃ śaradghanam [Raghuvaṃśa 5, 17.] — pari

1) ringsum herabfallen: mahādrayaḥ parigalitāgrasānavaḥ [Mahābhārata 1, 1183.] —

2) einsinken: paṅkaparigalitacaraṇabhaṅgaṃ kṛtvā [Pañcatantra 8, 17.] — vi

1) sich ergiessen, entfliessen; versiegen: vigalitamegha [Mahābhārata 1,1182.] vigalitaṃ cāmbarāntaram [1435.] vigaladaśrujala [Caurapañcāśikā 28.] [Śiśupālavadha 9. 11.] vigalanmakaranda [Prabodhacandrodaja 79, 16.] dākṣiṇyodakavāhinī vigalitā ist versiegt [Mṛcchakaṭikā 130, 20.] schmelzen, auseinandergehen: kāmāgnineva saṃtaptaḥ svinno vigalitaḥ sa ca [Kathāsaritsāgara 18, 78.] vigalitalajjitajagat [Gītagovinda 1,] [31;] [Scholiast 1] erklärt vigalita durch śithilāvayava, [Scholiast 2] : vigalitā (siehe unter [3.]) lajjā yasya . —

2) umstürzen, herabfallen, herausfallen: mahāvanamiva cchinnaṃ śiśye vigālatadrumam [Mahābhārata 4, 826.] vigalitadhvaja [Rāmāyaṇa 6, 73. 36.] vigalacchrīmannitambāmbara [Amaruśataka 36.] vigalitavasana [Gītagovinda 5, 13.] nāla [4, 14.] rativigalitabandhe keśapāśe [Vikramorvaśī 85.] [Raghuvaṃśa 9, 67.] jālātpunarvigalito (matsyaḥ) galito (von 2. gal) vakena [Pañcatantra II, 87.] —

3) verrinnen so v. a. schwinden, weichen: viyogāgnivigalajjīvito (auch schmeizend) bhavat [Kathāsaritsāgara 7, 75.] vigalanmāna [Bhaṭṭikavya 8, 40.] gatirvigalitā [Bhartṛhari 3, 74.] vigalitaviveka [7.] puruṣabahumāna [10.] [Amaruśataka 38.] śuc [Meghadūta 89.] [ad 113.] lajjā [Gītagovinda 6, 8.] avigalitaparamabhakti [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 5, 1, 27.]

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Gal (गल्):—2. , galati essen [DHĀTUP. 15, 39.] verschlingen (vgl. 2. gar); (matsyaḥ) jālātpunarvigalito galito (gilito?) vakena [Pañcatantra II, 87.]

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Gal (गल्):—1.

1) [Z. 3] galatkuṣṭha auch [Spr. 3991.] —

2) umfallen (von einem Menschen): galati [Spr. 1971.] —

3) galatpadamatikramyāgalatā saha saṃdhānam [Scholiast] zu [Prātiśākhya zur Vājasaneyisaṃhitā 4, 77. 194.] galitendu [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka 25 (23), 8.] galitatanu (vom Monde) [13, 8.] galatprāṇa [Kathāsaritsāgara 88, 42.] galanmati [Spr. 3915.] tāvacca dhairyeṇa samaṃ tanme galitaṃ dinam [Kathāsaritsāgara 104, 111.] setorbandhaḥ payasi galite [Spr. 2989.] galitasattva [Kathāsaritsāgara 101, 387.] galitā ṛcaḥ [Scholiast] zu [Prātiśākhya zur Vājasaneyisaṃhitā 4, 175.] — caus.

1)

2) lies durchseihen, durchsieben. atyantaśuṣkaṃ yaddravyaṃ supiṣṭaṃ vastragālitam . tatsyāccūrṇam [Bhāvaprakāśa im Śabdakalpadruma] u. cūrṇa . — intens. jalgalyamāna [Yāska’s Nirukta 7, 13.] — ni falsche Lesart; vgl. [Spr. 3753.] — nis abspringen, abfliegen: kodaṇḍanirgalitakāṇḍasamūhapātaiḥ [Sāhityadarpana 197, 8.] — vi

2) karādvigalitaḥ [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 10, 43, 6.] —

3) vigalitoḍupati [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka 4, 6.] śaśī vigalitacchāyaḥ [Kathāsaritsāgara 124, 190.] vigalitasakalakleśa [SARVADARŚANAS. 103, 3. 17, 11.]

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Gal (गल्):—1. mit nis caus. partic. nirgālita wovon man die Flüssigkeit hat abträufeln lassen [Bhāvaprakāśa 5.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Gal (गल्):—1. , galati

1) herabtraufeln [251,24.] [Indische sprüche 7619.] —

2) herabfallen , abfallen.

3) wegfallen , verschwinden , verstreichen. galita verschwunden , gewichen , nicht mehr vorhanden , fehlend. So heissen insbes. die im Padapāṭha des [Ṛgveda (roth). ] weggelassenen Stellen (weil sie schon früher da waren). — Caus. —

1) gālayati — a) durchseihen , durchsieben. — b) flüssig machen , auflösen , schmelzen. — c) abzapfen (das Wasser eines Wassersüchtigen) [Carakasaṃhitā 6,18.] —

2) gālayate ( sravaṇe). — Intens. jalgalyate etwa von sich tropfen lassen. — Mit ava herabfallen. — Mit ā āgalita herabgefallen , — gesunken , — geflossen [Kād. (1872) 2,121,24.] — Mit paryā ringsum herabträufeln. — Mit samā, galita zusammengestürzt. — Mit ud

1) hervorträufeln.

2) herausfallen. udgalita [Indische sprüche 7865.] — Mit ni Intens. galgalīti Feuchtigkeit entlassen [Vājasaneyisaṃhitā 23,22.] — Mit nis, nirgalita

1) herausgeflossen.

2) abgesprungen , abgeflogen. — Caus. nirgālita wovon man die Flüssigkeit hat abträufeln lassen. — Mit pari, galita

1) ringsum herabgefallen.

2) eingesunken in (im Comp. vorangehend). — Mit pra herabtröpfeln. pragalita [Meghadūta] — Caus. abfallen machen [Carakasaṃhitā 1,26.] — Mit vi

1) sich ergiessen , entfliessen. vigalita zerronnen , versiegt.

2) zerrinnen , schmelzen. galita zerflossen , geschmolzen.

3) umstürzen , herab- , herausfallen. galita um- , herab- , herausgefallen aus (Abl.). —

4) zu Ende gehen [Naiṣadhacarita 6,113.] galita geschwunden , gewichen.

5) zum Vorschein kommen. galita z. V. gekommen [Mahābhārata 1,30,52.] — Mit pravi

1) hervorströmen [Mālatīmādhava 75,13(67,19.162,1).] —

2) schwinden , weichen [Mālatīmādhava 69,11(62,9.146,7).]

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Gal (गल्):—2. , galati ( adane) , galita ( gilita?) verspeist [Indische sprüche 1918.] — Mit ni verschlucken [Indische sprüche 1126,] v.l. für gilati.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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