Candala, Caṇḍāla, Camdala: 22 definitions

Introduction:

Candala means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Candala has 20 English definitions available.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chandala.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[Deutsch Wörterbuch]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Caṇḍāla (चण्डाल):—m. [Die Uṇādi-Affixe 1, 116.] ein Caṇḍāla; gehört zu der verachtetsten Schichte der menschlichen Gesellschaft und wird von Jedermann gemieden. Im System der Sohn eines Śūdra und einer Brāhmaṇī. [Amarakoṣa 2, 10, 20.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 897. 933.] [Lassen’s Indische Alterthumskunde I, 820.] śvacaṇḍālapatitavāyasebhyo nnaṃ bhūmau nikṣipet [ĀŚV. GṚHY. 4, 9.] [Śāṅkhāyana’s Gṛhyasūtrāṇi 2, 12. 6, 1.] [Chāndogyopaniṣad 5, 10, 7. 24, 4.] caṇḍālādyaiśca dasyubhiḥ [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 5, 131.] caṇḍālaścādhamo nṛṇām [10, 12. 16. 26. 37. fgg.] [51. 108. 11, 24. 12, 55.] [Mahābhārata 13, 1901.] [Rgva tch’er rol pa 22.] [WASSILJEW 182.] f. caṇḍālā [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 11, 175.] caṇḍālī gaṇa śārṅgaravādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 1, 73.] — Wohl von caṇḍa; vgl. cāṇḍāla .

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Candalā (चन्दला):—f. Nomen proprium eines Frauenzimmers [Rājataraṅgiṇī 7, 1122.] — Vgl. candralā .

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Cāṇḍāla (चाण्डाल):—[Die Uṇādi-Affixe 1, 116.]

1) m. = caṇḍāla [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 5, 4, 36, Vārttika von Kātyāyana. 1] (angeblich ved.), [Amarakoṣa 2, 10, 4. 20.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 2, 10, 5.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 933,] [Scholiast] [Vājasaneyisaṃhitā 30, 21.] [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 14, 7, 1, 22.] grāme cāṇḍālasaṃyute [Kauśika’s Sūtra zum Atuarvaveda 141.] [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 3, 239. 4, 79.] [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 1, 93.] [Rāmāyaṇa 3, 62, 24.] [Mṛcchakaṭikā 155, 24. 157, 1.] [Pañcatantra I, 183. III, 194.] [Hitopadeśa I, 55.] cāṇḍālamṛtapāḥ [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 2, 4, 10,] [Scholiast] cāṇḍālī f. [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 8, 373.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 6, 3, 12.] [Vetālapañcaviṃśati 10, 8.] brāhmaṇacāṇḍāla ein Cāṇḍāla unter den Brāhmaṇa, ein über Alles verächtlicher Brahmane [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 9, 87] (nach [Kullūka] : = brāhmaṇyāṃ śūdrājjātaḥ). [Mahābhārata 12, 2874. 13, 2535.] —

2) adj. vom vorherg. oder von caṇḍālaḥ lī bhāṣā [Griechischen und Indoskythischen Könige, Institt. l. pr. 35 u.s.w.] —

3) f. ī Name einer Pflanze (s. liṅginī) [Rājanirghaṇṭa im Śabdakalpadruma]

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Caṇḍāla (चण्डाल):—, caṇḍālī f. unter dem kulāṣṭaka [Oxforder Handschriften 91,b,33.]

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Cāṇḍāla (चाण्डाल):—

1) brāhmaṇyāṃ śūdravīryeṇa patito jāradoṣataḥ . sadyo babhūva cāṇḍālaḥ sarvasmādadhamo śuciḥ .. [Oxforder Handschriften 21,b,27. fg.] tīvareṇa ca cāṇḍālyāṃ karmakāro babhūva ha [28. fg. Z. 5. fg.] [Vetālapañcaviṃśati 10, 8] wird ein Frauenzimmer am ersten Tage der monatlichen Reinigung cāṇḍālī genannt. Cāṇḍāla so v. a. der Verworfenste unter seines Gleichen: pakṣiṇāṃ kākaścāṇḍālaḥ paśūnāṃ caiva kukkuraḥ . munīnāṃ kopī cāṇḍālaḥ [Spr. 4485.] —

2) [Sāhityadarpana 173,8.] [Oxforder Handschriften 181,a,29.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Caṇḍāla (चण्डाल):——

1) m. ein Mann der verachtetsten Schichte der menschlichen Gesellschaft. Im System der Sohn eines Śūdra und einer Brāhmaṇī. Am Ende eines Comp. so v.a. ein Taugenichts von [Kād. (1872) 158,1.] f. ā und ī. —

2) *f. ī eine best. Pflanze [Rājan 3,34.]

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Candalā (चन्दला):—f. ein Frauenname.

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Cāṇḍāla (चाण्डाल):——

1) m. = caṇḍāla Mit einem Gen. Pl. oder am Ende eines Comp. so v.a. der Verworfenste unter.

2) f. — a) f. zu 1). Auch als Bez. eines Frauenzimmers am ersten Tage der Katamenien. — b) *eine best. Pflanze.

3) Adj. (f. ī) dem Cāṇdāla

1) eigen.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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