Caitya, Chaitya: 24 definitions

Introduction:

Caitya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Caitya has 22 English definitions available.

Alternative spellings of this word include Caitya.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[Deutsch Wörterbuch]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Caitya (चैत्य):—1. (von 5. cit oder 2. citi) m. die individuelle Seele [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 3, 26, 61. 70. 28, 28. 31, 19.]

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Caitya (चैत्य):—2. (von citā)

1) adj. was auf den Scheiterhaufen, auf das Grab Bezug hat u.s.w.: yūpa [ĀŚV. GṚHY. 3, 6.] [Gṛhyasaṃgrahapariśiṣṭa 2, 14.] —

2) m. n. Grabmal, Todtenmal; Tempel, Heiligthum; ein als Todtenmal dienender Feigenbaum u.s.w., ein an geheiligter Stätte stehender Feigenbaum u.s.w. (vgl. caityataru, druma, vṛkṣa). [ĀŚV. GṚHY. 1, 12.] [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 2, 151. 228.] yatra yūpā maṇimayāścaityāścāpi hiraṇmayāḥ . śobhārthaṃ vihitāstatra na tu dṛṣṭāntataḥ kṛtāḥ .. [Mahābhārata 2, 69. 74.] caityayūpāṅkitā bhūmiḥ [1, 223.] akṛṣṭapacyā pṛthivī vibabhau caityamālinī [12, 914.] citacaityo mahātejāḥ [3, 10460.] alpāvaśeṣā pṛthivī caityairāsīt [10303.] āsīnaṃ caityamadhye [495.] sa caityo rājasiṃhasya saṃcitaḥ kuśalairdvijaiḥ . garuḍo rukmapakṣo vai triguṇo ṣṭādaśātmakaḥ .. [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 13, 30.] yebhyaḥ praṇamase putra caityeṣvāyataneṣu ca [2, 25, 4.] caityānyāyatanāni ca [56, 29.] sahasrapādamāsādya taccaityamadhirūḍhavān [5, 38, 25.] caityaprāsāda [27.] aśokavanikāyām apaśyadavidūrasthaṃ prāsādaṃ caityamuttamam . dhṛtaṃ stambhasahasreṇa [17, 20.] [Suśruta 1, 107, 19. 367, 1.] niviḍacaityabrahmaghoṣaiḥ [Mṛcchakaṭikā 159, 3.] [Rgva tch’er rol pa 28 u.s.w.] [Rājataraṅgiṇī 1, 103.] eko vṛkṣo hi yo grāme bhavetparṇaphalānvitaḥ . caityo bhavati nirjñātirarcanīyaḥ supūjitaḥ .. [Hiḍimbavadha 1, 40.] caityānāṃ sarvathā tyājyamapi pattrasya pātanam [Mahābhārata 12, 2637.] arcitaṃ sarvalokānāṃ saskandhaviṭapaṃ drumam . nāgahetoḥ suparṇena caityamunmūlitaṃ yathā .. [Rāmāyaṇa 4, 18, 23.] anekaśākhaścaityaśca nipapāta mahītale [Harivaṃśa 9876.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 4, 25, 16. 5, 24, 9.] Ueber den Unterschied zwischen caitya und stūpa bei den Buddhisten s. [Burnouf 74. 348. 630.] [Lassen’s Indische Alterthumskunde II, 266.] Nach den Lexicographen: n. = āyatana [Amarakoṣa 2, 2, 6.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 3, 311.] [Medinīkoṣa y. 21.] = devakulaṃ vinā mukham [Hārāvalī 198.] = citācūḍaka [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 2, 8, 62.] = vihāra = jinasadman [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 994.] = jinaukas (lies caityaṃ st. cityaṃ) und tadvimbam (Statue des Jina) [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha 2, 358.] = buddhavipra [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 3, 311.] = buddhavedya [Medinīkoṣa] Statt vipra und vedya ist wohl vimba zu lesen, welche Lesart der Verfasser des [Śabdakalpadruma] vor sich gehabt hat. Fälschlich macht er daraus zwei Bedeutungen (buddha und vimba) und lässt das Wort in diesen beiden Bedd. masc. sein. m. = devataru [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 2, 4, 2.] = uddeśakavṛkṣa [3, 3, 311.] = uddeśyapādapa [Medinīkoṣa] = jinasabhātaru und uddeśavṛkṣa [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] Vgl. grāmacaitya . —

3) m. Nomen proprium eines Berges (s. caityaka) [Mahābhārata 2, 814.]

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Caitya (चैत्य):—1. [SARVADARŚANAS. 20, 9. fg.]

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Caitya (चैत्य):—2.

2) śākyādipraṇītacaityavandana [Oxforder Handschriften 264,a,30.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Caitya (चैत्य):—1. m. die individuelle Seele.

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Caitya (चैत्य):—2. —

1) auf den Scheiterhaufen — , auf das Grab Bezug habend.

2) m. n. Grabmal , Todtenmal ; Tempel , Heiligthum ein als Todtenmal dienender Feigenbaum u.s.w. ein an geheiligter Stätte stehender Feigenbaum u.s.w. caityārtham so v.a. als Object der Verehrung , als Reliquie [Lalitavistarapurāṇa 336,16.337,7.] —

3) m. Nomen proprium eines Berges.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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