Barbara: 20 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Barbara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Barbara has 18 English definitions available.

Alternative spellings of this word include Barbar.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[Deutsch Wörterbuch]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Barbara (बर्बर):—[Uṇādisūtra 2, 123.] barbara [UJJVAL.] zu [Uṇādisūtra 3, 131.] — gaṇa kāśādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 2, 80.] kann in einem Karmadhāraya vorangehen oder folgen gaṇa kaḍārādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 2, 2, 38.]

1) adj. a) stammelnd, balbutiens. — b) kraus: tasmānnaḍo dagdhaḥ krūra iva varvaraḥ [Kāṭhaka-Recension 25, 7] in [Weber’s Indische Studien 3, 467.] —

2) m. a) pl. Bez. nicht-arischer Völker, οἱ βάρβαροι [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha.3,581.] [Medinīkoṣa Rāmāyaṇa 210.] [Mahābhārata.1,6684.2,1199.6,364] [?(Viṣṇupurāṇa 192).7,4722. 12,2429. Harivaṃśa 3274. Rāmāyaṇa.1,55,2.4,44,14. Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S.5,42. 14,18. Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 57,38. 58,31. Bhāgavatapurāṇa.9,8,5. Oxforder Handschriften 338,b,40. 339,b,14.] sthāna [340,a,10.] tīrāḥ [Pariśiṣṭa des Atharvaveda 56] in [Weber’s Verzeichniss 93.] — b) ein Mann niedrigster Herkunft, = itara, prākṛta, pāmara [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 932.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] [Halāyudha 2, 193.] Der Fisch gargara ist nādavaśya; s. u. gargara [4]). ein elender Wicht, im voc. [Hitopadeśa 50, 8. 86, 15.] — — c) krauses Haar, = vāvarī (bhāṣāyām) [Śabdakalpadruma] = keśacakrale (loc.) [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] = keśe cakrale [Medinīkoṣa]; nach [Śabdakalpadruma] = keśa und cakrala . — d) Clerodendrum Syphonanthus R. Br. [Amarakoṣa 2, 4, 3, 8.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] eine andere Pflanze, = kṛṣṇa [Rājanirghaṇṭa im Śabdakalpadruma] — e) a sort of worm. — f) the noise or clash of weapons. — g) a mode of dancing [ŚABDĀRTHAK.] bei [WILSON.] —

2) f. ā a) eine Art Ocimum [Amarakoṣa 2, 4, 5, 5.] eine best. Gemüsepflanze [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] eine best. Blume [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] — b) eine Fliegenart [Śabdaratnāvalī im Śabdakalpadruma] —

3) f. ī eine Art Ocimum [Śabdaratnāvalī im Śabdakalpadruma] = barbara n. und barbarīka [Hārāvalī 46.] —

4) n. a) = barbarī und barbarīka [Hārāvalī 46.] — b) Zinnober (hiṅgula) . — b) Myrrhe. — c) gelbes Sandelholz [Rājanirghaṇṭa im Śabdakalpadruma]

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Barbara (बर्बर):—

2) d) (Nachträge) Cleome pentaphylla Roxb. (eine stark behaarte Pflanze) [SIDDH.] in [NIGH. PR.] ein best. Parfum, = vyāghranakha [DHANV.] und [RATNĀK.] ebend.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Barbara (बर्बर):——

1) Adj. — a) stammelnd , balbutiens. — b) kraus.

2) m. — a) Pl. Bez. nicht-arischer Völker οἱ βάρβαροι. — b) ein Mann niedrigster Herkunft. Voc. als Schimpfwort. — c) *krauses Haar. — d) *Clerodendrum siphonanthus. — e) *Cleome pentaphylla. — f) *eine best. wohlriechende Pflanze [Rājan 10,173.] — g) *Unguis odoratus. — h) *eine Art Wurm. — i) *ein best. Fisch [Rājan 17,52.] *ein anderer schlangenähnlicher Fisch [57.] — k) *Waffengerassel. — l) *eines Art Tanz.

3) f. ā — a) *eine Fliegenart. — b) *eine Art Ocimum , *eine best. Gemüsepflanze und *eine best. Blume. — c) Nomen proprium eines Flusses [Wilson's Uebersetzung des Viṣṇupurāṇa 2,341.] —

4) f. I — a) eine Art Ocimum ([Bhāvaprakāśa 1,230]). * = barbara n. und = * barbarīka n. — b) Nomen proprium eines Flusses [Wilson's Uebersetzung des Viṣṇupurāṇa 2,341.] —

5) *n. — a) Zinnober [Rājan 13,57.] — b) Myrrhe [Rājan 6,117.] — c) gelbes Sandelholz [Rājan 12,16,23.] — d) = barbarī und barbarīka n.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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