Astra, Ashtra, Aṣṭrā, Āṣṭra, Āstra: 21 definitions

Introduction:

Astra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Astra has 19 English definitions available.

The Sanskrit terms Aṣṭrā and Āṣṭra can be transliterated into English as Astra or Ashtra, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

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[Deutsch Wörterbuch]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Aṣṭrā (अष्ट्रा):—

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Astra (अस्त्र):—(von 2. as) n. [Die Uṇādi-Affixe 4, 160] (astra). [Siddhāntakaumudī.249], b, [3.] Wurfwaffe, Geschoss, Pfeil; auch Bogen: ā.i.ya eṣāma.traṃ vi nāśayatu [Atharvavedasaṃhitā 11, 10, 16.] dhanurgṛhītvaupaniṣadaṃ mahāstraṃ śaraṃ hyupāsāniśitaṃ saṃdhīyata [Muṇḍakopaniṣad 2, 2, 3.] astrāṇi mumoca [Viśvāmitra’s Kampf 4, 23.] astramupasaṃharan [Śākuntala 94, 20.] astropasaṃhāramantra [Weber’s Verzeichniss No. 909.] astraṃ śaradhiṃ punaste praviṣṭam [Vikramorvaśī 18.] prayuktamapyastram [Raghuvaṃśa 2, 34.] prahitāstravṛṣṭibhiḥ [3, 58.] tasminnāsthadīṣikāstram [12, 23.] pratyāhatāstra adj. [2, 41.] mahendrāstrapracoditaiḥ -śaravarṣaiḥ [Arjunasamāgama 8, 2.] gāṇḍīvāstrapranunnāṃstāṃgatāsūn [Mahābhārata 3, 12253.] iṣvastrameṣāṃ (kṣattriyāṇāṃ) devatvam [17337.] aśikṣatāstraṃ pitureva [Raghuvaṃśa 3, 31.] astraśastrāṇi [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 23, 14.] śastrāstrabhṛttvaṃ kṣatrasya [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 10, 79.] puṣpāṇyasyeṣucāpāstrāṇi [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 228.] mumoca taṃ dāruṇamastrabandham [Rāmāyaṇa 5, 44, 13. 15.] astragrāma [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1414.] astrabhṛt [Rāmāyaṇa 5, 43, 2.] [Amarakoṣa 2, 8, 2, 62.] astravid, astramantra [Raghuvaṃśa 5, 59.] kṛtāstra mit der Wurfwaffe vertraut [Mahābhārata 3, 228. 14833.] [Rāmāyaṇa 3, 4, 28.] kṛtāstratā [Mahābhārata 1, 5156.] — Waffe [Amarakoṣa 2, 8, 2, 50. 3, 4, 4, 28.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 773.] [Anekārthasaṃgraha 2, 394.] [Medinīkoṣa r. 5.] Bogen [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 775.] [Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] Schwert (karabāla) [Medinīkoṣa] tatra muktamastramucyate muktaṃ śastramityucyate [Madhusūdanasarasvatī’s Prasthānabheda] in [Weber’s Indische Studien 1, 21, 18.]

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Āṣṭra (आष्ट्र):—n. Luft, Aether [Die Uṇādi-Affixe 4, 161.]

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Astra (अस्त्र):—m. [Harivaṃśa 10703] (der Halbvers fehlt in der neueren Ausg.). [Rāmāyaṇa ed. Bomb. 1, 21, 11.] [WEBER, Rāmatāpanīya Upaniṣad 299.] n. Bez. eines best. Spruches aus einem für heilig gehaltenen Buche, den man vor dem Beginn des Lesens dieses Buches hersagt, [Oxforder Handschriften.4,a, No. 28.] Bez. eines best. beim Anzünden des Feuers gesprochenen Spruches [105,a,34.b,3.] Bez. der mystischen Silbe phaṭ [97,a,1.] [WEBER, Rāmatāpanīya Upaniṣad 310. fg.] mantra Bez. eines best. Spruches bei den Maga [Oxforder Handschriften 33,b,7.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Aṣṭrā (अष्ट्रा):—f. Stachel zum Antreiben des Viehes (das Zeichen des Ackerbauers).

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Astra (अस्त्र):—n. (selten m.) —

1) Wurfwaffe , Geschoss , Pfeil ; auch Bogen.

2) ein best. Spruch aus einem für heilig gehaltenen Buche , den man vor dem Beginn des Lesens dieses Buches hersagt.

3) ein best. beim Anzünden des Feuers gesprochener Spruch.

4) Bez. der mystischen Silbe phaṭ.

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Āṣṭra (आष्ट्र):——

1) *n. Luftraum.

2) f. ā = āṣṭrā [Kāṭhaka (weber) 37,1.] —

3) f. ī Küche , Feuerplatz.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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